Women in most classical literature have an extremely limited amount of rights compared to men. They are under the control and protection of either their father, husband or a male relative for their entire life. Women are not considered as “important” as men. In the novel’s we have read in this semester, it is obvious that men have a higher knowledge than women. For many generations, societies created different roles, codes of morality, and even different feelings and thoughts about men and women and their power compared to each other. Classical literature used the biological distinction of sex to enforce the social distinction of gender. Women make sacrifices and put their lives on the line to ensure they are safe. In these past few books we have read, the women have strong desires and strong opinions, but compared to the men, they are never noticed as much, and lack the feeling of being wanted.One of the novels that portray anti-feminism is The Odyssey. A character by the name of Penelope goes through a phase of feeling alone and betrayed. Her husband, Odysseus, the main character and the king of Ithaca, definitely impacts her life in many positive and negative ways. They show a deep love for one another as well as respect towards their marriage. Although they are separated for twenty years, they remain focused on reuniting as soon as Odysseus makes it back on his voyage home. Many of the suitors try to take over Penelope’s heart, but she uses her wits to avoid marrying any of the men and shows her loyalty towards Odysseus. Not only did the suitors try to take advantage of Penelope’s heart, but they wanted to take her powers away. Odysseus makes it clear that he wants Penelope to take over Ithaca until he returns, but the suitors begin to use her and her slaves as property. They believe that because she is a woman, tricking her would be quite simple. Penelope is smart enough to know that the men are looking forward to taking over all of her power. This implied that the men think she is incapable of leading Ithaca and her people. In the beginning of Book 1 in The Odyssey, Homer makes it clear that women are expected to fulfill their jobs. When Penelope complains about the music being played, Telemachus demands, “So mother, go back to your quarters. Tend to your own tasks, the distaff, and the loom, and keep the women working hard as well. As for giving orders, men will see to that, but I most of all: I hold the reins of power in this house” (Homer 1.89). Through this, the readers learns about how serious gender roles can be. First off, Telemachus demands that Penelope should go back to working on her loom, suggesting that women have minimal power in society and mainly have household jobs. Instead of saying servants, or maids, Homer uses the word women, implying that they are the lowest on the totem pole. Finally, Telemachus suggests that men are superior to women by stating that they will distribute the commands. Not only is feminism an issue in The Odyssey, but it is also an issue in the book Of Mice and Men. A character by the name of George, known as the hero of this novel, makes it clear that women don’t belong in the setting of a ranch. “She’s gonna make a mess. They’s gonna be a bad mess about her. She’s a jailbait all set on the trigger. That Curley got his work cut out for him. Ranch with a bunch of guys on it ain’t no place for a girl, specially like her.” (Steinbeck 3.135). In this text, George is talking about Curley’s Wife which is the only female character in this book who is mistreated and is not given a name. The author, John Steinbeck, really tries to get the point across that women as less valued than men, giving her no name other than Curley’s wife quickly tells the reader, women are irrelevant in this time. Although Curley’s wife may be an awful woman who is desperate for attention, she suffers from prejudism. Steinbeck uses her and her characteristics to illustrate the difficulties women face during the Great Depression. In Of Mice and Men, the author makes it obvious that the only good woman is a dead woman. Going back to The Odyssey, not only was Penelope mistreated by the suitors, but the maids weren’t valued either. The author Homer does not even give the maids specific names, they are just known as maids. The suitors think the maids have information that is of value to them, so the suitors believe that sleeping with them will give them the power to take over the land of Ithaca. The suitors want the women to zero power. The men also believe that dangerous women must be kept away from the Greek household. Odysseus expresses to his son, Telemachus, “I would rather die by the sword in my own house than witness the perpetual repetition of these outrages, the brutal treatment of visitors, men hauling the maids about for their foul purposes” (Homer 16.106). Odysseus respects women and does not believe that they are considered less than men. These lines from the novel show that he thinks the way the suitors treat the women is foul and uncalled for. Throughout these novels read this semester, gender portrayals in classical literature are so negative. Men truly believe women have no rights and no power. All men try to accomplish is taking power from women and making sure men can use them to any advantage. Gender equality is not a women’s issue, it is a human issue. It affects everyone.