To conclude Zahid Mubarakcould have been protected by the prison service as they knew that Robert stewardheld strong racist views towards other races and ethnicities but due to thelack of training and the lack of knowledge by the prison officers in Feltham prisonand also the lack of space in prison and having only one bed available whichresulted to Zahid’s Mubarak death this also shows that there was no health and safetyrules as Mubarak shared a cell with a racist individual and though it did not meeteach prisoners needs. For example, when Mubarak asked to be moved to adifferent cell as he felt uncomfortable sharing a cell with Robert stewards dueto stewards showing weird behaviour he was not listened to by the prison offers.Furthermore, looking into the case the cell searches in Felthamprison had poor check-ups as each of the cell rooms had to be fully and widelysearched every three months.
In conclusion Robert steward was not rehabilitateddue to showing psychopathic behaviour and also showing mental health problemsbefore being imprisoned in Feltham. Overall the prison services should havebeen to blame for due to the lack of competence and not following the roles andresponsibilities led to Zahid Mubarak death. Additionally, in the inquiry Mr justiceKeith made 88 recommendations to overcome these situations the inquiry reportfound that Robert stewards was therefore dangerous he should have never shareda cell with anyone let alone another inmate with a different ethnic minority. Overall the case showed that racism was a big issue that neededto be tackled in the criminal justice system at that time The Zahid Mubarak case was closelylinked to the Stephan Lawrence case as both cases where related to a raciallymotivated attack.
This was related to the case as Stephan Lawrence was a blackBritish teenager who was also murdered by a group of white youths which theyused a knife to stab Stephan which caused him to bleed to death, in relation tothe racist attack which happened in south east London in 1993 both of these casesshow that both attacks where racially motivated attacks and that both wherekilled because of their race. Robert stewards who wrote a letter to the killersof Stephan Lawrence admiring what they have done and expressed his respect forthe killers shows that he holds strong racial views which shows that he wasabusive and had mental health problems. This situation could have been avoidedby the prison service by taking note of what was happening in the prison. Fromsteward’s past of violence and discrimination with the correct training and legislationsthis would not have led to Zahid Mubarak death there’s 9 protected characteristicswhich race was one of them. If staff from Feltham prison had full training thiswould not happen as they would know what Mr stewards was doing was discriminationand staff would also know what to do to overcome situations like this. “Theequality act 2010 developed and became law in2010 , Which protects everyone in the United Kingdom and the public fromharassment, discrimination and also victimisation everyone in Britain isprotected.
This is because the Act defends individualsagainst discrimination because of the protected characteristics that we have.Under the Act, there are nine protected characteristics such as Race, Religion or belief,Sex, Sexual orientation etc…”( equalityhumanrights.com, 2017)Discrimination is “treatingindividuals or an particular group of people differently especially in a worseway from the way in which you treat other people because of their ethnicity, race and also sexuality” (Cambridgedictionary, 2017)treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, sex, sexuality,treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, sex, sexuality,treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, sex, sexuality,. Anti-discrimination is “opposed to or intended to preventdiscrimination for example unfair treatment of someone because of their sex,age , and race” (Cambridge dictionary, 2017)treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, sex, sexuality,treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, sex, sexuality,treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin colour, sex, sexuality,. Topposed to or intended to prevent discrimination (= unfairtreatment of someone because of their sex, race, age,opposed to or intended to prevent discrimination (= unfairtreatment of someone because of their sex, race, age,he Prison Service’s had found that discrimination and racismat Feltham prison a small number of staff had promoted openly racist behaviourbut not all the racism was open.
The inquiry report talked of more understatedmethods of discriminating against black and ethnic minority prisoners, whichwas a reference to discrimination which only became understood when ethnicmonitoring revealed worrying behaviour and trends from the staff and prisoners,many of the prisoners at Feltham prison displayed racist attitudes and racistlanguage was common. “The low number of complaints of racism suggested thatprisoners had little con?dence that complaints would be investigated properly.The report attributed these shortcomings to a lack of training and management’slack of commitment to the promotion of good race relations” (Guardian: Reportof Zahid Mubarak inquiry, 2006) Feltham prison has failedin many aspects such as lack of training being inadequateand the lack of management was a serious issue in Feltham prison due to nothaving the correct sources and not following the policies and procedures which ledto Feltham prison failing.
Not having the correct training in the criminaljustice system can put an individual’s life in danger such as not knowing whatto do when racism occurs. There was an occasion wereZahid requested to move out of his cell whilst sharing a cell with Robert Stewart.The prison officer to who the request was made by Zahid should have respectedthat a sense that Stewart might have been aggressive towards Zahid which mayhave been the reason for that request. The failure on the part of that officerto recognise that possibility shows the unimportance to the safety of prisonersfrom ethnic minorities. In that situation, Zahid should have been asked why hewanted to move, and the request should have been reported to his personalofficers.
Zahid Mubarak’s death wasavoidable and was preventable. There were many missed opportunities if actions weretaken by the prison officers Zahid Mubarak could have been saved such as beingplaced in a different cell furthermore if the prison was more organized andwell trained they would have known what to do in these types of situations.Additionally, due to recommendations that were made after his death there wereregulations which have been put in place to improve the system. Furthermore, aprisoner which holds racist views that are acknowledged by the prison serviceand the agencies will not be place in the same prison cell as other offenders.For example, the same races would be placed in a prison cell together however,diverse race would not. The inquiry report stated that signsand clues had been spread around the prison but were constantly missed asprisons officers either had failed to recognise their importance or did nottake them as seriously enough and did not take notice of them. Even thoughevidence for racism, violence recorded concern that steward was a mental healthrisk, Stewart was still placed in the same cell as Mubarak.
The prison had struggledwith vast numbers of prisoners, staff and pressure from inspectors to expand onimproving their performanceEach agency which wasmentioned above lacked a lot of competence as they failed to access theinformation which was provided about Robert Stewart from his previous prison hestayed at about his racist views and mental health problems. Furthermore, Ifthe information was taken seriously by Feltham prison and the agencies, Zahidcould have been safeguarded by the jail and the agencies. The MubarakInquiry had found over 186 faults acrossthe prison system, and made 88 recommendations which were designed to reducethe danger of a situation like this ever occurring again. The inquiry reportmade 88 recommendations covering risk assessment of mentally ill prisoners,sharing cells, information-sharing, prison staff having no training, and thedisclosure of psychiatric reports by courts to prisons. Manyexaminations have found that night staff in Feltham prison did not always knowwho the new arrivals to the prison are as the information about the prisonerswhere not read properly in which this led to individuals with different racesclashing due to being put in a cell together. Information sharing despite the evidence that Stewarthad serious personality problems, this information was not appropriately sharedbetween prisons. “The prison reportedly had almost literally nothing with which toform an opinion about Stewart as while he had been moved into the prison, itappeared that Robert steward security files lagged behind him or at the veryleast they were not sufficiently distributed among the officers” ( news.
bbc.co.uk,2018).TheSecurity files and also other records of the prisoner’s behaviors where notcorrectly given to new locations and were not properly shared as part of a flowof information. Stewart was never inspected by a doctor at Feltham, so nobodypicked up on his personality disorder. Some of the recommendation outlined inthe Thematic report by HM Inspectorate of Prisons “Each of the securitydepartment should have establish a proper system for vetting security files to safeguardthat they are read by the end of the working day following their arrival, thatany relevant information is relayed in writing to the wings, and that a recordis kept of who examined and vetted, with the date and also the time”.
(HMInspectorate of prison’s, 2014). Another important recommendation that was madeby the HM Inspectorate of prison’s, “The diversity training which prisonofficers receive as part of their training should stress the need for them toput themselves in the position of black and minority ethnic prisoners and seethings from their point of view. They should be told about the methods and thetechniques they can use to develop skills ” (HM Inspectorate of prison’s, 2014)”The training which staff receive on P-NOMIS should not merely address how tolog on, enter information and retrieve it. It should reinforce the need for anyinformation which is to be entered to be accurate, comprehensive andunambiguous. It should also reinforce the need for all staff to be aware of thebackground and offending history of the prisoners in their charge, as well astheir previous behavior in prison. Staff should learn that the system will beuseless if they do not use it properly”. ( (HM Inspectorate of prison’s, 2014)The agencies of the criminaljustice system is the main major public service in England and Wales. The Criminal Justice System contains a number of agencieseach responsible to a government department.
Allthree of the criminal justice system such as the law enforcement, courts andthe corrections hadfailed to keep the prisoners safe in Feltham prison due to the lack of staff andalso a number of the prison staff had failed to carry out their responsibilitiesat Feltham in the time leading up to and after the murder of Zahid Mubarak. The prisonofficer (Simon Diaper), who put Robert Stewart into the same cell as Zahid’sMubarak without checking his security file, was an unexperienced officer whohad received no training in cell allocation which shows that prison service in Felthamwere unorganized and untrained. The Prison Service role is mainly with dealing with criminals sentenced andconvicted to a safeguarding sentence. Their part within criminal justice can bequestionable, firstly to divest unsafe offenders of their right acting as a warningto offenders and also to rehabilitate offenders back to society. “The prison service deals entirely with offendersconvicted and sentenced to a protective sentence. In discussion the prisonservice role within criminal justice is to simplify a legal decision to deprivean offender right in order to fulfil the sentence of a court”. (HM prison servicegov.
uk, 2017) Role of the prison service is distinctive because it is mainlydirected to controlling and handling the offenders’ behavior throughout theirsentence, Though, it is common to the other agencies within the CJS that itfacilitates crime control and contributes to an offender’s rehabilitation within the society. Felthamprison service was unable to handle efficiently with the numbers of prisoners goingcoming every other day. With the staff and inspectors saying feltham wasfailing, the jail had no planned way, in which this played an important role inStewart being placed with Mubarak as it was the only bed available in Feltham prison.Robert Stewart attacking Zahid Mubarak with part of a table leg that he hadbroken away from the equipment in their shared cell. The fact that this was notspotted by the prison officers was part of a widespread problem of poor and inadequateexaminations, inspections and management of dangerous inmates.
The criminaljustice system consists of three key main roles which are the law enforcement,courts which is the attorneys, judges and corrections such as jails, prisons,probation and parole which work together to deliver criminal justice. “Criminal justice system refers tothe collective institutions through which an accused offender passes until theaccusations have been disposed of or the assessed punishment concluded”. (uslegal,2017). The courts, the prison service and the probation service all have individualand characteristic purposes but they all function towards a common overall maingoal. Themain purpose of the CJS is to carry justice for all, by convicting andpunishing individuals who are guilty and helping them to stop offending, whileprotecting each innocent individual. The Criminal justice system main responsibilityis to detect crime and bringing it to justice; and also carrying out the ordersof court, such as supervising community and custodial punishment and collectingfines.
The criminal justice system failed to keep Zahid Mubarak safeguarded asthe CJS role is to protects individuals from criminals and also to protect whowould inflict physical harm. The case of Zahid Mubarak wasbrought by the problem of racism in the Prison Service under unprecedentedexamination. An community review into the case and culture of racism inprisons, faults in communication between agencies and lack of services for emotionallydisordered criminals. Looking into the racist murder at Feltham prison of ZahidMubarak in March 2000, Zahid Mubarak, who was serving a short sentence, was beatento death by his racist cellmate on the morning of his release with whom he hadshared a cell for six weeks.
Shortly after Roberts Stewards attack on Zahid,the police discovered that Robert Stewart who was 19 at the time had strong mentalhealth problems and racist views. Even though Stewart was never examined by a doctor at Feltham prison in whichnobody therefore picked up on his personality disorder. They learned that he had had a violentpast while previously in custody, and that his mental health had beenquestioned.
Robert steward had having convictions for violence and mentalhealth problems, and was known to have expressed racist views but was still putinto a cell with Zahid. Robert stewards jailed for 175 days for sending lettersharassing a lady and for vehicle offences . “Born in 1980,Robert stewards had a troubled childhood and frequently had problems in schoolsuch as getting into fights and getting excluded. A consultant psychiatristsaid that Mr stewards showed signs of a personality disorder. By the time stewardsarrived at Feltham prison, in west London, Robert Stewart had 18 convictionsfor 70 offences”. (news.bbc.co.
uk, 2006)Zahid was two days from his release when he was beaten todeath with a table leg by his cellmate Robert Stewart in march 2000. Stewart attacked Zahid Mubarak with part of a table legthat he had broken away from furniture in their shared cell, when Zahid wassleeping steward clubbed him more than several times using the leg table. When helpcame, Zahid was unconscious. He died from his sever damages and injuries to his head aweek later.
He had been in a coma and did not regained consciousness. The lack of followed policies and proceduresand poor checkups on prisoners and the organization of Feltham staff was part ofa widespread problem after the death of Zahid Mubarak. Apolice examination and an investigation by the commission for the Racial equalityfollowed the murder of Zahid Mubarak. Though, Zahid Mubarak family felt neitherinvestigation responded to why their son had been placed in prison cell with a racistand won the community inquiry which followed a four-year battle with the homesecretary Zahid Mubarak, 19-year-old born in 1980 came from a working-classfamily. Mubarak committed four offences, two offences for interfering with a vehicle,and the other two were for going armed for the purposes of robbery. Due to notattending any appointments which were made for Mubarak to meet the associatesof the community drugs team and other agencies even though the court gave him alast opportunity to be judged for his suitability for a community sentence. Thoughhe began to keep some of the appointments made for him, although turning up twohours late for his appointments, but he missed many other appointments. Zahid wasconvicted of the two charges in his absence.
He was later to say that he hadgone to court that day, but had only arrived after his case had been dealtwith. Zahid was in prison the following day in joining with two further crimeswhich he had committed prior the same day which was an offence of attempted robbery,and an offence of handling a couple of stolen clothes. He was sent to Felthamin January 2000. (image. Guardian.co.
uk, 2018) This essay will identify the associates of the criminaljustice system. It will be looking at the agencies which make up the criminaljustice system furthermore It will discuss the conditions, procedures and the processesand the working practice within the criminal justice agencies which was blamedfor their inability to prevent the death of Zahid Mubarak who was sharing acell with a racist cellmate (Robert Steward) in which have led to a preventabledeath and a let-down in the criminal justice system. Moreover, this assignmentwill discuss the concepts of discriminatory and non-discriminatory practice. Itwill additionally identify the key arguments and key findings in the conceptsof justice, punishment, deterrence and rehabilitation