This essay will shield light on transformationalistperspective of globalization. To do this, the essay will explain the meaning ofglobalization, and it will briefly mention how globalization evolve through theages. It will also critically evaluate transformationalist perspective on globalization.
In addition, it will compare transformationalist perspective with other twotheories namely globalist and internationalist. Finally, it will give anexample of globalization event and occurrence to support transformationalistview on globalization.The world is becoming smaller day by dayturning into a single village because of Globalization, a phenomenon whoseseeds have become widespread around the world (Stiglitz,2009). It has greatly brought development around the globe touchingeconomic, culture, political, social, and other aspect of human endeavor (Stiglitz, 2009). Globalization leads toexpansion in the interaction among various economic groups with least cost,speeding up the economic processes (Stiglitz, 2009). It is obvious thatglobalization is a multidimensional process that makes the economy liberalized,and increase its profit because of economy free trade (Stiglitz, 2009).
The perks of globalization have created ease forthe economies to develop healthy interactions and encouraged free flow of tradewith less restricted barriers across borders (Dzaleva& Lazaroski, 2011). Advances in technology has taken the life tohigher level and removed communication gap (Heshmati,2007). It has revolutionized the day to day life processes making thetasks easier and faster than they were before along with reduction in the cost (Heshmati, 2007).
For better understanding, it is important to know the meaning of globalization.Although, there is no single definition of globalization, but in a simplestterm it could be refers to as the rise of global network that incorporatessocial, culture and economic factors (Cuterela, 2012). The word globalizationwas initially used in 1930 in one of the published work that examined humanexperience and education (Cuterela,2012). Later, and up till date globalization remained one of the commonestterms used frequently in social studies (Cuterela, 2012). Economist and researchersstarted using the term more rapidly than ever; but due to its complexity thereis no exact definition of globalization (Cuterela,2012).As mentioned above, globalization is a multi-dimensional act thathas brought about many changes. Further exploration of this multi-dimensionalconcept, evidence shows that there are three main theoretical perspectives ofglobalization which represent view of different school of thoughts around the globe,namely; globalist, inter-nationalist and transformationalist theories ofglobalization (Martell, 2017). Transformationalistis the most modest among the three theories and is not extravagant aboutglobalization like other two theories; it differs a lot from globalist andinter-nationalist (Fayomi,2010).
Transformationalistargue that globalization process is not a resultant effect of a single reactionor action but, rather a process that result from interaction of manystimulators to form globalization (Robert etal., 2014). Similarly, they also argue that the results attained fromglobalization are not determined (Held et al., 1999). This is againstglobalist perspective who believes globalization is a product of simple andstraight forward incidence (Blair, 2017).
From political point of viewtransformationalist argue that government power is re-formed and reorganize notdiminished or increased as stated by globalist (Blair, 2017). Although,transformationalist comes between globalist and inter-nationalist, but transformationalistidea is more practical, globalist did not support capitalist theory ofexistence of economic inequality, and inter-nationalist fail to distinguishbetween current global development from those of 1850’s (Blair, 2017). Thesepoints mentioned above clarify the reason transformationalist is different from other twotheories (Blair, 2017). Reality exists withtransformationalist as it is obvious that there are many factors that influenceand responsible for bringing about globalization around the globe (Becks, 2015).
Many cultural and economic factors that evolved become a cause of globalization (Beck, 2015). Globalization is a gradualmultidimensional phenomenal process that is not form overnight change (Blair,2017). Secondly, it is hard topre-determine the outcome will be achieved during globalization process (Coupland,2010). There is a limit to predict its direction of outcome because its changes,this is due to frequent changes that occurred in globalization (Coupland, 2010). Along with this, the scholars ofthis perspective do not account for any past or future event, they viewglobalization as part of present (Coupland,2010). Transformationalistperspective of globalization refers globalization as a long-term phenomenonthat is unmatched with the past events (Coupland, 2010). It is observed that revolutionaryoccurred due to many changes as a result Second World War (Coupland, 2010).
Itis known that globalization remain one of the prominent topic among geographersand political scientists (Sheng ,2015). Accordingto the transformationalist group of thought, globalization is a transformative movement(Blair, 2017). A better understanding can be created with utilization ofvarious examples.