This is treating a person or group of people asinsignificant, also known as isolation. It is the act of pushing a particular group/groupsof people to the edge of society and by not allowing them an active voice ormaking them feel like they don’t have a place or don’t belong. Acts ofmarginalisation may include negative beliefs, behaviours, or judgements fromothers. Individuals and groups may find they are being marginalised by others forreasons such as gender/gender identity, race, sexual orientation, disability,religion and many more.
People tend to find that the main reason people tend tomarginalise others is ignorance. If people have a lack of knowledge aboutcertain, religions or lifestyle choices of other people they tend to push themaway and marginalise them to a `secondary position` in society.Marginalisation could be found in a health and social caresetting when equal access to certain resources are not provided based anindividual being a member in a particular group in society.
The LGBT communityare an example of a group of people who tend to be marginalised by society. Researchsuggests that gay men and lesbians have reduced access to medical care becauseof fear of being discriminated against by others. The reason for this is thatfederal and state laws do not offer uniform protection against all forms ofdiscrimination towards Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people.
Thehealth needs of this community are often grouped together as opposed to berecognised as a group of individuals with individual needs and unique values;these beliefs of others lead people part of the LGBT community being marginalised.People that find themselves to be victims of marginalisation will be made tofeel less important than those who hold more power or privilege in society.This can be very frustrating for the victim and can lead to Self-blame/ Self-Doubtand feelings of powerlessness As members of society, we all share in the responsibility ofaddressing marginalization. Ways we can do this include saying or doingsomething when you witness acts of marginalisation, injustice or discriminationhappening around us. Another way to reduce marginalisation is becoming aware ofour own biases, prejudice and false beliefs about other people or groups andlearn how to have a more open outlook on things.