The point behind the search was to findout if there was any correlation between races and the effects of marijuana inthe household. To compare the findings and show the difference in apoverty-stricken home verse one of economical standard. The research compliedfrom KARLA D. WAGNER .Et.
al. shows that there is a large gap in use when race and economical areinvolved. Veronneau, Dishion, Connell, and Kavanagh, found that the correlationwas very different when economy was a factor. The result of the findings willpoint out that if more assistances was offered to the less fortunate thelong-term use and effects would be similar.Thegoal of this study was to test the hypotheses that family engagement in the FCUreduces the growth in substance use during adolescent years and protectsagainst substance abuse or dependence once participants reach adulthood thepresence of older siblings in the home was associated with alcohol andmarijuana use, and living with a cousin was associated with marijuana use.
Results suggest that influential others, including siblings and cousins, shouldbe included in measures of family structure. Family structure is one factorthat can help explain drug use among adolescents. In 2005 a study was conductedwith 255 ninth-grade students from an urban, predominantly Latino Los Angelesarea high school. Students were 83% Latino, 58% female, and from mostly low SEShouseholds. Half of all students reported having ever used alcohol, 30% hadever smoked a cigarette, and 18% had ever used marijuana. Family structure wasmeasured using a single open-ended question and logistic regression wasemployed to determine the effects of various family structures on the use ofalcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana. Major challenges arise whenevaluating intervention effects with an adaptive and tailored approach toengagement and intervention.
Family structure has been identified as one factorthat may help explain drug use among adolescents. Both variation in thecomposition of the family andcharacteristics of family relationships have been identified as predictors ofdrug use among youth, Students living with only their fathers reported morecigarette, marijuana, and liquor use, while students living with only theirmother reported more beer and wine cooler use than students living with theirtwo biological parents. In one of the few longitudinal studiesof family structure that included a large sample of Latino youth found thatdisruption of the two-parent family structure was associated with initiation ofillicit substance use. There is some evidence that thedetrimental effect of disrupted family structure (an arrangement other than twoparents) is stronger for White adolescents than others, and that structuresother than two biological parents may be protective among other racial orethnic groups. Existing studies may be somewhat limited bytheir focus on the two-parent household as the normative family structure whilethe measurement of family structure is complex and may require assessment ofmore than just the two biological parents, including families composed ofstepparents or extended family members. Students at highest risk for lifetime marijuana use were males (42.1%),Hispanic (48.8%) or African American (46.
8%), and in the 11th grade who aretypically aged 15–18 years (46.4%) or the 12th grade who are typically aged16–19 years (48.6%). Recent Monitoring the Future data indicated that 16.5% ofthe 8th grade students and 45.5% of the 12th grade students had used marijuanaat least once in their lifetime, specifically concerning youth marijuana use,research has shown prolonged marijuana use to directly correlate with drugdependency (Morral, McCaffrey, & Paddock, 2002). Concerning parentingstyles, of the parenting styles identified (authoritative, authoritarian,indulgent and neglectful), research has shown authoritative parenting to beassociated with reduced substance.
Age was trichotomies intothree categories including 12–13 years old, 14–15 years old and 16–17 years oldto examine stages of adolescent development, which adolescence is a criticalperiod of development in individuals. Since age was found to be related toyouth marijuana use, subsequent logistic regression analyses were performed todetermine the effect of parental behaviors on past year and past monthmarijuana use for each age group. In the group evolving 12-13 year old (35.5%)recorded lower use, 14-15 year old age group reported (33.3%) where 16-17 yearold age group reported (55.5%) less use when dealing with theauthoritative parenting style.
The concept of community disadvantage has been used tocharacterize neighborhood environments with few economic resources, structuraldilapidation, and high crime rates. Residence in disadvantaged communities is morestressful than in better resourced ones. Studies reveal that disadvantagedenvironments take a toll on health in general and increase vulnerability tosubstance use in particular (Jang & Johnson, 2001; Latkin, Curry, Hua, & Davey, 2007).More than 1 in 5 young people ages 18 to 25 years report using marijuanaduring the past month, and approximately 7.5% meet criteria for a marijuana usedisorder. Although many young people use marijuana, considerable heterogeneityexists in the consequences of use. The majority of emerging adult users, evenheavy users, do not develop serious substance-related problems until lateron in life, research suggest that marijuana use is more prevalent among olderadolescents and males than younger adolescents and femalesParentingbehaviors and parenting styles play a major role in youth substance use focusingon the specific association between parenting styles and adolescent marijuanause by age is necessary.
Given the long-term negative consequences associatedwith adolescent marijuana use understanding who is most at risk andwhy they are at risk will undoubtedly have important implications for thedevelopment of effective preventions and interventionsAs the research showsthat there is a correlation between low income use, dependence and thelong-term effects of marijuana in home there’s also definitive information onthe need for more medical help and money allocated to support Drug preventionfacilities in lower income areas to further aid the less fortunate in havingthe ability to get off and stay off Drugs.