The was a demand for technology that would make

The world went
through major changes from the 1760s till the middle of the 19th
century.  This period was marked by the
Industrial Revolution which completely transformed manufacturing processes at
the time and changed the life of the ordinary citizen. Originating in Great
Britain, the revolution quickly spread around the world. Moreover, it was not
just the technological transformation of industries that took place during that
age. There were also revolutionary events in demographics, agriculture and
transport, making Britain a world power, expanding considerably in power,
wealth and strength in the central government (Mokyr & Nye, 2007). There
were several innovations that occurred at the time, one after the other. They
led to the rise of factory production and marked the beginning of the modern
industry. There was also a surge in the population. It is clear that the
Industrial Revolution changed every aspect of human life but there are still a
lot of disputes about what really caused it, its long-term effects and why it
happened in Britain. In this essay I will discuss whether the Industrial
Revolution was really the most transformative event in human history by
analyzing the technical, geographical, political, economic and social issues that
this period brought in Britain and the rest of the world.

Firstly, let’s
take a look at the technical issues of the Industrial Revolution. During that
period there was a huge demand for technology, especially in Britain, due to
its different amount of wages and prices (Allen, 2009). The demand for
technology was high due to wages in Britain being very high, while prices of
energy were very low and that is why there was a demand for technology that
would make processes more efficient and reduce the amount of workers (Allen,
2009). One of the most lucrative industries at the time was the textile
industry with textile production rising to incredible levels (Spear, 2016).
There were also major improvements in the use of steam in powering vehicles and
iron making plus some major technological innovations (Spear, 2016). All of
this led to huge growth and prosperity of the British economy and it is clear
that this period caused transformational change in manufacturing and workers’
lives. However, there were also some disadvantages brought by technology
innovations such as workers losing their jobs due to being replaced by machines
(Landes, 2003).

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So far we have
looked at the issue of technology but there are more issues that the Industrial
Revolution brought with it. One of them is the political impact that it had on
the world. The revolution transformed Britain from a tiny island into a global
power with Britain having the world’s most powerful navy thus turning into the
world’s most recognized military power (Bayly, 2016).  Britain’s wealth grew during the wars in the
form of lands and capitals of the territories colonized in Europe and Asia
(Bayly, 2016).

Yet one of the
most important issue of the Industrial Revolution is the economic impact it had
on Britain and the rest of the world. There was a great change in the world
economy which started in 1820 (Nayyar, 2014). Between the years of 1820 and
1950 there was a huge increase in the population of Europe, North America and
Japan and also in their part of the world income –  it grew from more than one-third to about
three-fourths all because of the Industrial Revolution (Nayyar, 2014). Between
1830 and 1913 the share of Africa, Asia and South America in global
manufacturing production fell to 7.5% while the share of North America, Japan
and Europe rose to 92.5% (Nayyar, 2014). Moreover, between 1760 and 1860, income
per capita increased by 82% in Britain alone (Allen, 2005). These facts clearly
show the amount of impact the Industrial Revolution had on the world economy
and the extent to which it dramatically transformed it.

There were also
some geographical issues brought by the Industrial Revolution. One of them was
the rapid urbanization in countries like England and Wales due to the increase
in the population. This happened because the location of large firms and
factories was in urban places so as to make practical and effective use of
labor and resources (Williamson, 2002). By 1850 England and Wales had most of
their population residing in urban areas. During the 1830s and 1840s Britain
underwent a big city population growth with population in British cities
growing by 2.5% per annum, which seemed like a huge amount then, while
continental Europe’s urbanization peaked in the last two decades of the 19th
century (Williamson, 2002). However, urbanization also caused many problems
such as massive emigration to urban areas and the resulting decay of provincial
towns, the increase in pollution in urban areas and housing issues (Williamson,
2002). Perhaps, the most significant geographical impact of the Industrial
Revolution was urbanization, which also led to some serious issues not just for
the British government but for governments all around the world.

It is
unquestionable that the Industrial Revolution had some positive social issues
on human life and one example is that, as the economies of some countries grew
significantly, a proportion of the population became very rich. However, it is
believed that there are more negative social issues that came with it.
Industrialization usually leads to huge migration, automation of processes and
repetitive schedule for workers (Blokhin, 2015).  Because of that, many workers lose their
individuality and are dissatisfied with their jobs (Blokhin,

In conclusion, we
can, by all means, say that the Industrial Revolution was a time of great
change, which completely transformed ordinary life. Thanks to it, there were
some technological innovations, which completely transformed work in factories.
Moreover, economies of countries in which industrialization took place grew
significantly and allowed for optimization of processes and resources. Also,
industrialization had an impact on politics, allowing for some countries to
become military and political powers. Furthermore, it had geographical
influences as well, causing the process of urbanization and the social issues
that come with it. Therefore, it would be unwise to say that the Industrial
Revolution was a time of positive changes only, as it is clear that it brought
many challenges both for the average citizen and for governments around the
world. However, it would not be wrong to agree that it was, indeed, the most
transformative event in human civilization.