The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 proposes to regulate surrogacy in India by establishingNational Surrogacy Board at Central level, State Surrogacy Boards and Appropriate Authoritiesin States and Union Territories. The proposed legislation ensures effective regulation ofsurrogacy, prohibit commercial surrogacy and allow ethical surrogacy to the needy infertileIndian couples.The major objectives of the Bill are to regulate surrogacy services in the country, toprovide altruistic ethical surrogacy to the needy infertile Indian couples, to prohibit commercialsurrogacy including sale and purchase of human embryo and gametes, to preventcommercialization of surrogacy, to prohibit potential exploitation of surrogate mothers andprotect the rights of children born through surrogacy.
The salient features of the bill are? To allow altruistic ethical surrogacy to intending infertile couple between the age of 23-50 years and 26-55 years for female and male respectively.? The intending couples should be legally married for at least five years and should beIndian citizens.? The intending couples have not had any surviving child biologically or through adoptionor through surrogacy earlier except when they have a child and who is mentally orphysically challenged or suffer from life threatening disorder with no permanent cure.
? The intending couples shall not abandon the child, born out of a surrogacy procedure under any condition.? The child born through surrogacy will have the same rights as are available for theBiological child.? The surrogate mother should be a close relative of the intending couple and should bebetween the age of 25-35 years. She can act as surrogate mother only once.? The surrogate mother will carry a child which is genetically related to the IntendingCouple.? An order concerning the parentage and custody of the child to be born through surrogacy,is to be passed by a court of the Magistrate of the first class.? An insurance coverage of reasonable and adequate amount shall be ensured in favour ofthe surrogate mother.
? National Surrogacy Board shall exercise the powers and shall perform functionsconferred on the Board under this Act.? The Board shall consist of the Minister in-charge of the Ministry of Health and FamilyWelfare, as the Chairperson, Secretary to the Government of India in- charge of theDepartment dealing with the surrogacy matter, as Vice-Chairperson and three womenMembers of Parliament, of whom two shall be elected by the House of the People andone by the Council of State as Members? The National Surrogacy board and State Surrogacy board shall be the Policy makingbodies and Appropriate Authority will be the Implementation body for the Act.? The appropriate authority shall comprise of an officer of or above the rank of the JointDirector of Health and Family Welfare Department, as Chairperson, an eminent womanrepresenting women’s organization, as member, an officer of Law Department of theState or the Union territory concerned not below the rank of a Deputy Secretary, asmember and an eminent registered medical practitioner, as a member? The surrogacy clinics shall be registered under this Act after the Appropriate Authority issatisfied that such clinics are in a position to provide facilities and can maintainequipments and standards including specialised manpower, physical infrastructure anddiagnostic facilities as may be prescribed in the rules and regulations.? No person, organisation, surrogacy clinic, laboratory or clinical establishment of any kindshall undertake commercial surrogacy, abandon the child, exploit the surrogate mother,sell human embryo or import embryo for the purpose of surrogacy. Violation to the saidprovision shall be an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not beless than ten years and with fine which may extend to ten lakh rupees.? The surrogacy clinics shall have to maintain all records for a period of 25 years? Transitional provision-Subject to the provisions of this Act, there shall be provided agestation period of ten months from the date of coming into force of this act to protect thewellbeing of already existing surrogate mothers