The three distinct eras or period with each era

The period between the 1300s and 1400s has been
termed as the middle ages, which signified the biggest historical period in
Italy as part of the European countries (Burke 2014). It was at this time in history when entire
Europe was experiencing economic turmoil and economic unrest and thus arts were
not highly considered. Consequently, towards the end of the 14th century, a
movement begun to emerge with a great focus on arts as well as in science
mostly in Italy, which was later known as the Italian Renaissance (History.com Staff 2010). As a result,
the 1300s and 1400s was the era where the highest profile of Italian history
existed and thus the topic selected on Renaissance is well suited as it
directly fits within this period and forms part of the highly cherished Italian
history that brought about tremendous changes in the cultural context (History.com Staff 2010).

Italian Renaissance has been considered to be one
of the major world’s notable outgrowth changes in social status with influence
in entire Europe. Basically, Renaissance can be defined as a form of cultural
movement in Italy during the 1400s and lasted for approximately 200 years (Burke
2014). It was during the
Italian Renaissance when science and art were intractably linked and thus
inseparable. Suggestively, the generality of the movement posits and assumes
that this was highly regarded and reflected as the transition period bridging
medieval; age into early modern Europe. Analytically, the Italian Renaissance
can be seen to have gone through three distinct eras or period with each era
impacting on the following period or era (PBS, 2014). Subsequently, each
of the three eras constituted different changed which in summation led to the
continual rebirth of Europe (Italian Renaissance painting 2016).

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Categorically, the three periods include the
Early Renaissance era which occurred between the early 1400s to late 1400s,
this was followed by High Renaissance that was witnessed between the late 1400s
and early 1500s and lastly, there was the Late Renaissance which lasted from
early 1500s to 1600s (Burke 2014). Each period of the Renaissance was distinguished by a distinct high
profile of innovative artists who were highly creative and intelligent with the
zeal to delve into new art (Italian Renaissance painting 2016).

The Early Renaissance was witnessed during the 15th century. This period
was strongly influenced by Donatello, who was an Italian painter and sculptor
as well as Masaccio. Donatello was considered to be the premier innovator in
the 15th century in painting (Italian
Renaissance painting 2016).

Donatello’s artistic bravura and works signify the momentous features of Early
Renaissance era. For instance, his renowned statue of David has been considered
as the most influential artists of the era (Burke 2014). As a result, the use of heroes to sculpture
different forms as well as the youthfulness of the arts marked the popular
concern for the humanist during the early Renaissance. The era was
characterized by the use of bronze and humanist aspect which can be seen
through the nudity of the sculptured fashioned during the era (History.com Staff 2010).

The next era of the Renaissance that was
influenced by early Renaissance and later predisposed a cultural
“re-birth” is identified as the High Renaissance. The era lasted
until late 1520 after being influenced by previous artistic innovators and
knowledge (Burke 2014).

Evidentially, the era is credit with some of the most influential figures such
as Michelangelo and Raphael (Burke 2014). A considerable shift from the early
Renaissance which had spurred up the imagery and painting to higher levels, the
High Renaissance era built on this, however, the contributors such as Da Vinci
introduced the aspect of religion in the art (Burke 2014). It was during this era that
painting and other themes were made to reflect religious themes and heavily
capitalized on the region (PBS, 2014). The era was characterized by
great Christian’s prosecution and thus new rules governing imagery were
stipulated which lead to the last supper paintings among much other artwork
made in relation to religion.

The artist during the High Renaissance era
borrowed from early Renaissance concept of human aspect to enhance the
humanistic artistic throughout their painting and imagery techniques. For
instance, Da Vinci borrowed from early Renaissance to combine his sfumato
technique with chiaroscuro to come up with a puzzling smile for his most
prominent portrait, Mona Lisa (History.com
Staff 2010).

Lately, there was the Late Renaissance which
was ushered and influenced by high Renaissance era. Considerably, this era was
characterized by reduced innovation and exploits in art owing to the increased
political instability, Martin Luther preaching which questioned the authority
of the church slowed down innovation during high Renaissance era (Burke
2014). The era was later
termed as Mannerism denoting the winding down of the innovation and ideas from
High Renaissance. During this phase, the artist used different aspects to make
their work better through painting using different colors, enlarging images as
well as exaggerating their positions (PBS, 2014).

Significantly, the Renaissance was
characterized by a tremendous and monumental change and a shift in cultural aspects
such as literature, art, social science, politics and even region. Owing to the
Renaissance, Italian art witnessed considerable changes in the art which
revealed a great change compared to the medieval era (Burke 2014). Subsequently, the Italian
Renaissance was termed and considered to be the most innovative era and thus
revolutionizing the previous medieval era through extensive innovation in areas
such as art, architecture, painting, and sculpture. Artist and architects such
as Raphael and Michelangelo were regarded and seen as being some of the key
figures who brought about changes through their innovation in style, different
themes, and different views from the medieval era (Burke 2014).

While the cultural changes relating to region,
politics, science, and literature were viewed as being significant to the
Renaissance era, the greatest innovative and most notable changes were witnessed
and made in the Italian art. It was then considered to have taken the back seat
in the middle ages or medieval era due to the political unrest that was being
witnessed in the Europe. Based on the magnitude of the overwhelming changes in
the arts, it is worth noting to that the Italian art had the greatest influence
in the Renaissance that eventually resulted in the re-birth of Europe (PBS,
2014).

As stated earlier, during the Renaissance, which
was a transition from middle age era to modern Europe, different aspects of art
and science were very closely linked in Italy (Italian Renaissance painting
2016). It is during this era that the scientists and the artists strove for the
majesty contend in the physical realm, and thus the art of painting was
propelled by two field of study such as anatomy which ensured that there was
precise representation of human body and secondly through mathematical
perspective which ensured that accurate dimension and measurement were
attainable (PBS, 2014). Perspective in painting was rendered on a two
dimensional surface of the illusion containing three dimensions. The previous
artist in the medieval ages had found this through empirical means but the
discovery of mathematical methods led to the achievement of three-dimensional
images was heavily attributed to Brunelleschi in 1420 (Burke 2014). As a result, each method could be
systematically studied in pursuit of reality as opposed to previous eras (History.com Staff 2010).

Arguably, the Italian Renaissance had a
significant impact on the cultural and transition of the country and entire
Europe through the” re-birth” to modern life. Many of the contributors
throughout the three forms of Renaissance have had tremendous effects on Italy
history and future (Burke 2014). For instance, the majority of the changes were witnessed in painting
and art. Before the Renaissance, the majority of the Italian arts was confided
to religious issues and themes. Nevertheless, during the Renaissance different
artists began experimenting by creating non-religious subjects like creating
different portraits for living persons rather than just saints (Burke
2014).

With time, the artists got used to developing
their unique individual styles while challenging themselves to be more creative
and innovative by always trying new techniques. Subsequently, painters were
enlightened and challenged, then they begun focusing on the humanistic aspect
of life and thus executed different creative ideas and techniques, comprising
humanism as well as perspective, sfumato, fresco beside foreshortening with the
aim of achieving realism objective which became the core aspect of Italian
Renaissance (Burke 2014).

Moreover, it was during this time when anatomy
became one of the cardinal interests for Italian artists; a majority of the
artists were now interested in depicting human form that represented the real
life. Different artists and painters used different paints, colors, and shade among
other aspects to shadow the human anatomy with the aim of achieving a more
realistic picture to illustrate different emotions or expressions re-birthing a
practice which has been borrowed in the present age as well (PBS, 2014).

Italian Renaissance depicted an implausible era
of significant achievements in innovation and creativity among the Italian
artists which has a strong influence in present-day life. Some of the talented
artists who were doing exploits in painting and sculpture came up with captivating
ideas which depicted the highest level of self-revelation through pictures via
their great work, not only did it impacted positively to Italians but also
changed the entire world completely in terms of art. The Renaissance formed
part of the greatest time in history when artists were speedily discovering
individualism, anatomy, perspective and harmony, which were key to the Italians
co-existence (Burke 2014).

Majority of the present arts in Italy were
initiated during the Renaissance, therefore as a result of having and
developing some of the most envied artifacts, paintings and sculptures which
were extraordinary designed and accomplished. The Italian art has serious
impacts on the Renaissance era which at the end of it brought about the rebirth
of Europe. Above all, Italian Renaissance has contributed greatly to the
Italian culture by helping the present generation to reflect on traditional
inspirations and build their unique culture, which is their core heritage.