sale of human organs is a popular topic of ethical discussions that causes a polarized
debate that offers no easy solutions. Moral dilemmas involved in the sale of
human organs make up its ethical issue. At present, there are many actions that
are done by unprepared people to sell organs. Organ sales happen when a person
sells or transfers an organ from one body to another body for the purpose of
replacing the person’s organ. There are many people all over the world
searching for organs to purchase. These people are sometimes desperately in
need of an organ transplant, many are in life or death situations.
utilitarianism theory implies that the right course of action is the one that
brings the best good. The theory judges how worthwhile an action is based on
its eventual outcome. The Act utilitarianism states that before making any
choice, one should weigh the consequence of each action and settle for the one
that is more likely to give the greatest pleasure (CAAE, 2011). The rule of
utilitarian involves first determining the possible rules of an action. It says
that in order to determine the right rule to apply in a certain situation, one
should consider the effects the action. The theory says that if the action
results to more happiness than it was initially, then it is an action that
should be followed at always (McCombs School of Business, n.d.).
are heavy restrictions in many countries such as UK and Canada. These
restrictions have caused access of these organs in these countries to be
extremely hard. In the United States the purchasing of blood has become legal.
In the U.S. this has allowed the country to have sufficient supply and ability
to provide patients with blood transfusions. The supply of such things as blood
and organs immediately increases the likelihood of saving lives in the present
and future. In the United States where the sale of organs is illegal,
individuals have requested these laws be amended. Allowing citizens to sell and
trade organs would greatly increase the supplies of organs available for
transplant (Shimazono, 2015). The sale of human
organs is right in their view because it has the possibility to help many
people live better lives. It can be argued this would lead to an enhanced the
overall happiness in the society. The recovery of the patients who t these
transplants would commonly allow them to continue living their lives normally.
This would allow ill patients to contribute to society and enhance their
many people have a different view of the practice of selling or trading organs.
Many people view this practice as morally or ethically wrong. Society seems to
think that organs should be donated and that people’s lives or body parts
should not have a monetary value to gain from. People who support the sale of
body organs, argue that the restriction has led to a smaller supply of organs.
They push for its acceptance, saying that it has led to lack of happiness to
the people affected by the death of their loved ones and eventually this could
lead to an overall drop in happiness in society. To have a happier outcome
governments should allow the selling and buying of organs. The buying and
selling will lead to a happier and healthier world. The sale of human organs is
thus ethical as it creates a larger supply of these organs to people who need
organ transplants to survive. Individuals in the society who are in need for
body organs and are able to access the vital parts support this view.
recovery helps them live happily with their beloved, some of who are opposed to
their act of purchasing the organs and fulfilling lives, which could not have
been possible without receiving the organs necessary for the organ transplants.
The sale of human organs could possibly help people who are otherwise healthy
get through tough financial times. Many
people can’t afford to feed their families and this could create opportunity to
better their lives financially (Maher, 2016). The income that
many people receive is not sufficient to take care of the many bills they have
to settle. Therefore, when they are given an opportunity to exchange their
organs at a fee, the money they receive helps them greatly. Therefore,
legalizing the sale of organs should be the first thing that all governments
should consider implementing, since it is associated with many positive
outcomes, both to the receiving and the donating.
other hand this process of selling organs must be regulated efficiently. This
is because legalizing the sale of human organs can result to some organizations
that venture into this enterprise selling contaminated organs that will greatly
affect the health of the patients who receives such organs. Many companies
would venture into this market to purely make a profit. This could lead to poor
ethical choices and possibly hurting patient’s wellbeing (Kerstein,
These poor choices or profit seeking could possibly lead to loss of life or
other health issues in the future. Instances like the ones above could lead to
poor health conditions and eventually lead to a general unhappiness. In instances
like this the theory of utilitarianism does not hold true. This would lead to
the selling of human organs to be unethical conduct since the action leads to
an overall unhappiness.
of the sale of human organs without regulation it would cause much more harm
than good to society. This could lead to
people abducting or possibly killing others to sell their organs. We see some
of these things happening on the black market already when organ selling is
associated. When looking at morality, the action of killing a healthy person in
order to save the life of an almost dying person is not right (The Rational Optimism, 2017). Utilitarianism is
about individuals making good choices by first weighing the prevailing choices.
In this instance, the best choice is to not take the healthy person life just
to help an ailing person or for a profit. When people kill healthy and innocent
people to sell their organs to ailing people for transplants purposes, then the
idea of selling of human organs becomes unethical (McCombs
School of Business, n.d.).
sale of organs for the purpose of transplant as discussed is a very touchy
subject. There may not be a right or wrong answer when speaking on this topic,
it could be more of a case to case choice on whether it’s ethical. It seems
that the selling of organs can ultimately be beneficial to society as a whole,
but in many instances it may not be exactly ethical. There is strong points on
both sides of the argument. It can be beneficial because you are saving lives
and helping people financially. This can ultimately lead to a greater sense of
happiness in society. People who could have been very desperate or who could
have died, have the ability to recover and contribute positively to society. On
the other hand, selling of organs can lead to many unethical practices by
companies or criminals. The legalization could lead to companies cutting
corners and hurting patients. Or it could lead to criminals killing or
abducting people to make a profit off their organs. As long as the selling of organs is properly
regulated and policed I believe it to be ethical. It can better living
conditions, save lives and ultimately lead to a happier society.