The the process of bidding cities attaining the contract

The number of 2016 Rio Olympic Games TV viewers is approximately 3.6 billion (Number of Olympic Games TV viewers worldwide from 2002 to 2016 in billions, 2018). The Olympics bring the world together to cheer athleticism. As the athletes walk into the arena and exert their ability to the utmost for their nations, it is always exciting to watch the fierce competitions and the inspiring sportsmanship.

It is widely believed that through education of competing without discrimination, and practicing the spirit of friendship and fair play, the Olympics aims to build a better world (Olympic Values & Ideals – Olympism in Action, 2017).  However, some have started to question if the Olympics strive to practice the core values, as the scandals of the International Olympics Committee, the supreme authority of the Olympics, have been emerging. The IOC has been working to right themselves by reforming their operations and streamlining their procedures to minimise foul play.

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Nonetheless, the modern Olympics appear to fail to meet the expectation of promoting its core values, as the IOC has not been without its criticism these days about tolerating bribery, neglecting human rights, and cheating.  (add words 50)The IOC is saturated with bribery, which seems to be the most common way for the bidding cities to attain the contract of host cities. The rigged mean has been epidemical over the decades as the IOC tolerates, and worse yet, encourages the trend. In Australia, for example, the daughter of a South Korean IOC member was given an exclusive spot at a concert to perform with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra (Daley, 1999).

However, Atlanta won the bid in the end. The IOC members taking advantage of the bidding cities for their own interests is apparent. The bloody fact is that the more one bribes, the higher possibility that one will win the bid. Unfortunately, the bribery becomes more severe as the process of bidding cities attaining the contract of host cities has always been lacking in transparency.

Based on Daley’s (1999) Olympic Games article, it is pointed out that Nagano’s Olympics bidding committee’s destruction of its expense books was appropriate. Mayor Tasuku Tsukada even argued that the misconduct is merely Japanese conventional approach of handling accomplished task. The example vividly shows that the committee is irresponsible, and that the contempt for justice and the lack of transparency in the bidding process is apparent. Emphasizing on profits gained via devious means irrespective of the ethical  principles is the critical element that obscures the Olympics.  (add words 100)The Olympics has been known for disregarding some basic human rights, as a quick look into the event’s history shows. The 2016 Rio Olympics has triggered a widespread violation of human rights.

Exclusion Games (as cited in Watts, 2015, para. 3) reports that the construction projects associated with the previous years’ World Cup and the upcoming Olympics have resulted in at least 4,120 families losing their homes and another 2,486 are at risk of relocation. The disparity of wealth is not narrowed by the government, as the expanding gap between the rich and the poor shows that the Olympics is definitely not a win for the majority. Worse yet, the government falls short on protecting human rights. According to Cuadros, (as cited in How Brazil’s wealthy benefit from the Rio Olympics, 2016) most of the government’s Olympics budget has been devoted to the wealthy suburb of Barra da Tijuca while favelas, described as slums, don’t even have basic services. The evidence demonstrates the fact that human rights of the impoverished are deprived.

The social costs of major events outweigh the benefits, and only the upper-class elites are favored. The unfairness has led to the demand for the IOC to introduce monitoring systems with international human rights standards in mind is on the rise.Cheating has tarnished the Olympics by overlooking the sportsmanship that every athlete should abide by and demonstrate. The spectators long for fair plays, yet this privilege is taken away. According to Rochenkov (2017), former director of Russia’s Anti-Doping Center, Russian authorities favoring triumphs over sportsmanship has resulted in many Russian athletes using performance-enhancing drugs at the Sochi Winter Olympics games. Some athletes even claims their reluctance of committing cheating, yet owing to the pressure from the government, they are left with no alternatives.

Later, Rochenkov also mentions how IOC neglect and their failure to blow the whistle on such misconduct has resulted in many cheating athletes walking away without consequences. The Russian government’s  preference of the athletes bringing home the trophies rather than giving a fair play has damaged the rights of the athletes to compete with their own capability. Unfortunately, Russia is not the only state sponsor of the cheating culture.

Lamotte (2016) reveals that the German athletes were provided with androgenic steroids and testosterone by their coaches and doctors in uninformed circumstances. The excess of using those performing-enhancing drugs, the athletes’ health is severely menaced.  Heidi Krieger, a champion German shot putter, has gone through sex reassignment surgery due to the excessive use of steroids. Instead of fighting against cheating, the authorities are the main actors who put a premium on the ambience of doping. Shamefully, IOC’s passive attitude towards doping results in the same error taking place again and again. To uphold the rights of the athletes, and the impartiality of the competition, IOC has the obligation to provide a better monitoring system. Cheating has been prevalent through the history of the Olympics, when the Olympics should actually be the arena where every athlete competes with fairness.

As more athletes begin to or continue to cheat, sportsmanship gradually fades as a culture of cheating arises. As a result, people are instigated to lose faith in the athletes and now every golden moment of a clean athlete is recognized with skepticism. (333)https://edition.cnn.

com/2016/08/10/health/olympic-scandals/index.htmlAdmittedly, there is some validity in the perspective that the International Committee has been endeavoring to reform and improve.(add a topic sentence) The International Olympic Committee seeked to reform after the Salt Lake City corruption scandal. In order to cut future bribery between its members and candidate cities, the committee enforced stronger rules and instruments in order to combat corruption (Sandomir, 1999).

 It  is an undeniable truth that the IOC has made the attempts to improve its voting procedures in recent years; nevertheless, despite of the change, the IOC members and the candidates still manage to bribe, as the evidence has shown.   Furthermore, there is even an allegation of buying votes by the bid team for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. Gibson (2016) reveals that there is a huge sum of payment from the Tokyo Olympics bid team to the son of the former president of the International Association of Athletes Federations, Lamine Diack. The scrutiny of the IOC still has room for improvement, as bribery has appeared to be more and more rampant nowadays. Moving on to the topic of human rights, the IOC has displayed its attempts to address the concerns.

In a report written by Bach (2017), with the purpose of avoiding a repeat of human rights abuse, the IOC emphasizes that there are changes made for the 2024 Host Cities Contracts with explicit human rights principles. Nonetheless, whether the insertion is to be perceived as success in the history of the Olympic Games, or whether it is false hope, can only be seen as revealed by time. Additionally, on the grounds of anti-doping, it has been argued that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) does make efforts to restrict doping. Ruppe (2017) reports that the IOC has established an independent World Anti-Doping Agency as part of their effort to combat said issue. While there is some truth in the claim, it fails to consider the fact that owing to a lack of international commitment and the technological sophistication of cheating methods, the results of testing are insufficient in countering athlete doping. It would be churlish to not acknowledge IOC’s efforts; however, the IOC testing scheme still has improvements to make as some sophisticated types of doping still can not be detected.

(comcuding sentence)The Olympics are regarded as the highest honor for the athletes; however, the Olympics have been driven away from its core values. The severity of the corruption within the IOC has been unveiled, such as the IOC members taking the bribery from the bidding countries, making the bid unfair. Additionally, human rights are overlooked by the IOC, as the host countries let their people down by favoring the rich while sacrificing the rights of the poor, with numerous families being displaced. Last but not least, the sportsmanship that every athlete should abide by withers away, as some athletes dope to win, and this selfish behavior is the reverse of fair play. The existence of the breathtaking and heart-warming moments is undeniable, but the greed lurking under the glorious mask of the Olympics far surpasses the values which the Olympics are supposed to display.

If the IOC remains passive towards bribery, human rights, and cheating, people are going to lose faith in the athletes they believe in and refuse the Olympics after knowing how many families are suffered by it. The IOC should be more alert to people’s requests on building a better monitoring system, and set a higher moral standard. Only by eradicating the malpractice can the spirit of the Olympics be preserved. Before that, the Olympics continue to be marked as nothing more than a display of athletes in the world, with all the scandals of bribery, human rights violations, and cheating involved. (1332, 300 words to go)ReferencesNumber of Olympic Games TV viewers worldwide from 2002 to 2016 (in billions).

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