The PublicDistribution System (PDS) was launched in India on June 1997 and is recognizedby the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution. The fairprice shops are mainly used to distribute the goods with low cost or free ofcost. It is a concern of India’s public distribution System implanted byGovernment of India, which distributes rations at a subsidized price to thepoor. In India approximately 500000 fair price shops are available.
Here theMajor commodities distributed include essential food grains, so much as wheat,rice, sugar, and kerosene, through a network of public distribution shopsconstituted in several states across the country. The central and stategovernments joint the responsibility of regulating the PDS. While the centralgovernment is obligated for procurement, storage, conveyance, and majorityallocation of food grains, state governments holds the province fordistributing the aforesaid to the consumers through the ingrained network ofFair Price Shops (FPSs). State governments are also responsible for functionalobligation, including allotment and identity of families below the povertyline, issue of ration cards, superintendence and monitoring the functioning ofFPSs. The Indian ration card is the authority of the Indian peoples. This ismainly used for buying supported food and fuel (LPG and kerosene). It is animportant livelihood tool for the misfortunate, providing proof of personalidentity and link with government databases.
India’s public distributionsystem (PDS) runs based on the ration card, including its purpose ofidentification, eligibility, and entitlement. Ration card has three categories– extreme poverty level (AAY), below poverty line (BPL) and above poverty line(APL). The poverty lines are identified depends upon the annual income of thatparticular family. Depends upon the family incomes the ration card colour isdecided. The different colours of ration cards are navy blue (BPL), white (APL)and orange (AAY).
A below poverty line (BPL) correspondence bearer should becollected 35 kg of food grain and the card holder above the poverty line shouldbe collected 15 kg of food grain as per the norms of PDS. Up to the age of 12years, a half unit ration materials are issued and full unit ration materialsis issued in case of age more than 12 years. In fair price shops presently thepeoples are facing so many problems like corruption, wastage of time and noproper material distribution…. etc.