The province I was assigned to this project is Quebec. Quebec is Canada’s physically largest province. The province of Quebec produces a very large amount of Canada’s natural resources.
There are many natural resources that Quebec produces and harvests every year. The harvesting of raw natural materials supplies thousands of Quebecois. As you can see on the map most of the natural resources are located towards the bottom half of the province, with the exception of a few. The natural resources are fairly spread out on the lower half of the province. The people who discovered these resources and decided where to put there plant/mine/factory is because the bottom of the province is close to other provinces and also close to the USA.
The fisheries are located where they are because on the Gaspé Peninsula and around the Gulf of the Saint Lawrence is because this is the place where there is the most, and the right type of fish. Québec has around 4,200 full-time fishermen located in several regions, notably in the Gaspé Peninsula. This is where industrial fishing is a major part of the local economy. The fisheries now relies more on shellfish, which make up two-thirds of the catch.
Groundfish now account for 10 percent of the catch and pelagic fish (herring and mackerel) make up the rest. The minerals are located where they are because of the geological makeup of the land in Quebec. The mines are here because that’s where they need to be if they want to find the mineral they are looking for. In the 1990s, Québec produced 27 percent of Canada’s gold and 100 percent of its titanium as well as many other materials.
Québec’s subsoil also contains industrial minerals such as peat, limestone, silica, granite and mica. Québec’s construction industry is self-sufficient with abundant supplies of stone, cement, sand and lime. Finally, arguably Quebec’s main natural resource. Québec has the second-largest area of forest land in Canada after the Northwest Territories.
Most of this land, 825 000 km2 of forests is provincially owned, although many land claims by Aboriginal peoples are currently being contested in the courts. Accessible productive forests total 540 000 km2. Because there are forests pretty much everywhere in Quebec, the owners of mills can build almost anywhere in Quebec. The best place for them, and where they mostly are is close to the border near the bottom of the province.
This provides easy access to buyers in other parts of Canada and the USA. Producing about 42 percent of Canada’s paper, timber, wood pulp and newsprint together constitute 20 percent of Québec exports, 80 percent of which goes to the US. The lumber industry is a massive industry in Quebec. There are over 1,300 lumber processing plants, and the wood industry alone employs over 36,000 people.Around 33 million m3 of wood is cut each year, 80 percent of which is conifer. Most of the cut wood is used for lumber and pulp manufacturing. The pulp and paper industry in Québec is among the 10 leading producers in the world and the second-largest exporter of newsprint in Canada.