The society, as they are taught to believe that

The concept of freedom is always changing
and is often open to interpretation. In today’s society, humans are generally
born free with equal dignity and rights. Depending on the society one is born
into, their interpretation of who really has freedom can change. In Aldous
Huxley’s Brave New World, the mass production of humans, conditioning,
and the use of drugs through technology maintains sovereignty within society.

This results in freedom being taken from citizens living in a dehumanized
society.

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In this novel, technology is highly
depended on by the government in order to deprive freedom from its citizens. A
drug called soma, replaces the unsatisfying emotions
felt by humans with a sense of euphoria. To begin, the government distributes
rations of soma to the citizens of the World State, to help them avoid
undesirable feelings. Soma is a drug which is known to induces happiness,
“the advantages of Christianity and alcohol; none of their defects” (Huxley 46). Joy is associated with Christianity and many
other drugs and alcohol with the use of soma because of its blissful feeling. Likewise,
soma has the power to take freedom away from the citizens
of a dehumanized society, as they are taught to believe that they must take
soma to feel normal. In addition, there is an emphasis on the, “euphoric,
narcotic” and “presently hallucinating” (46) feeling associated with soma. The
emphasis forces the reader to understand that soma can serve the purpose of
tranquilizing the citizens and putting them in a dream- like-

state.

Furthermore, soma is taken as a distraction from harsh realities of emotions
that would lead them to change how power is distributed in their society. The
use of technology which is associated with soma comes in hand in this case:

“If ever, by some unlucky chance,
anything, unpleasant should somehow happen, why, there’s always soma to give
you a holiday from the facts … You can carry at least half your morality
about in a bottle. Christianity without tears – that’s what soma is” (210).

The
government has made it so that the people of the World State are encouraged to
take soma as a supply of artificial emotions. The World State has the ability
to divert the attention of its citizens, from reality to a sense of euphoria,
proving the controlling government retains the feeling and experience of any
undesirable emotion, which make humans, who they are.

Similarly, the World State gains control
over its citizens by completely eliminating the concept of individuality with
the help of the Bokanovsky’s Process. The World State is trying to make it so that
everyone within each caste will be as similar as possible to achieve the goal
of creating “Identical twins — but not in piddling twos and threes as the old
viviparous days, when an egg would sometimes accidentally divide: actually by
dozens, by cores at a time” (4). Unlike society now where everyone is unique,
this society produces large amounts of identical twins so no one possesses
individuality, as this is gives no one any notion of sensibility, freedom and
individuality. Secondly, the Bokanovsky’s process assures that there is no
conflict between people in the future, by creating them with a similar
structure. Stability and efficiency is assumed to be achieved by using this
process, as the director shouts out “Ninety-six identical twins working
ninety-six identical machines!” (5). The idea behind this statement is to make
identical beings so they will respond in the same way and will not come in
conflict with each other. Maintaining stability is achieved by producing masses
of identical humans. By erasing the image of family from the citizens’ minds,
it is justified how the government gains control and how their freedom is at
loss. Lastly, the concept of family and individuality is erased as “The Bokanovsky’s
Process is” is claimed to be “one of the major instruments of social stability…
Standard men and women; in uniform batches” (5). Since the idea of family, and
being born are thought of as unethical, the Bokanovsky’s process was brought in
to prevent intimate love and familial bonds, while indicating how the World
State citizens are restrained and restricted from having a family through
reproduction. The Bokanovsky Process plays a role in why humans are not able to
form strong family bonds and relationships, as it results in no freedom given
to citizens by, preventing any emotional relationships and eliminating individuality
in the society. This system of control causes the loss of humanity and freedom
which ultimately allows the World State to preserve its
control and happiness.

Following the idea of biogenetical
conditioning, the alteration of primal human instincts, freewill and freedom is
achieved with the help of sleep treatment called hypnopaedic conditioning. This
type of conditioning is a messaging system that the World State performs on
humans in their sleep, in order to restrict humanly desires of the greater
society. Sleep treatment “aims at that: making people like their inescapable
social destiny” (12). The Hypnopaedic conditioning forces the people of the
World State to obey and follow the standards and laws suggested by the
government, giving them no choice or say in what their minds are fed with in
their sleep. Arguably, the conditioning is a manipulative way to get the
citizens under control, as The World State enforces certain behaviors within
each caste which results in total control over
the citizens with hypnopaedic conditioning. This manipulative treatment winds
the populations to a loss of originality and freedom. Soon after the people go
through hypnopaedic conditioning, it is stated that:

“Till at
last the child’s mind is these suggestions, and the sum of the suggestions is
the child’s mind. And not the child’s mind only. The adult’s mind too — all
his life long. The mind that judges and desires and decides — made up of these
suggestions. But all these suggestions are our suggestions!” …
“Suggestions from the State” (23-24).

From
creation to death, the citizens of the World State act according to their
morals, values, and preferences which the government enforces within them. The
Hypnopaedic conditioning is like a curtain which gives the ability to secretly
clean and pluck the strings of the “perfect” world from behind the scenes
without anyone having knowledge of it. Throughout the novel, Hypnopaedic
conditioning turns unique, free humans, into servants that obey the enforced
laws of the World State. The hypnopaedic
platitude “Everyone belongs to everyone else” (50) is an example of
confinement in the World State, where no one is and can be free in this society
because each and every one is a subject to everyone’s wants and desires. This
form of sleep conditioning proves that the possession of freedom is impossible
when they are considered property. The master and slave concept exists through
this conditioning, within this cyclical society, where one is not aware that
their choices are not their own and this World State costs them their freedom.

            As said
before, freedom is something most people are typically born into along with
equal dignity and rights. Although, the interpretation of who really has
freedom in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, can be as such that,
one is free depending on the society they are born into. The loss of freedom is
the result of certain methods used for those who wish to retain power. From the
mass production of humans, conditioning and, to the use of drugs as a
technology, it becomes clear who has control within a dehumanized society.

Altogether, seized freedom is the process in which minds of citizens are molded
to lead them into making subconscious and unwitting decisions.