The sign of wealth and status. Subordination of the

                The ancient
Egyptians and Mesopotamians have many common traits, but also differ, despite emerging in the same years. The
Egyptians, a people religiously optimistic, put in place a bureaucratic
government which ultimately reflects their social system. In Mesopotamia, where
life was not considered as optimistic, the more diversified system social led
to a political system decentralized. Experience shows, however, that the two
companies of confidence in the beyond, has established a unique structure in
writing and has excelled in the arts in a significant manner and the sciences.

 

Mesopotamia,
unfortunately, has not had a seasonal flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates
Rivers, which would oblige them to create an organized system agricultural.
This could explain their negative vision of the beyond and the general ambiance of the gods. Egypt, however, stood
along the fertile soils of the Nile valley, which has provided a flood
familiar. This has allowed the Egyptians to see the universe as orderly and
beneficial. Therefore, this sacred life after death that they have believed in
the preservation of the body to the death for the journey to the afterworld by
the process of mummification. The Mesopotamians, fearing to disappoint the
gods, believed that their purpose was to serve the gods, and thus the religion
has played a more important role within the government. The priests, for
example, were much more important than in Egypt. Regardless of the situation,
the two civilizations have prospered in agriculture.

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The
two communities had a social system broken down into three groups. The act of the King
Hammurabi said these three groups: landowners free, containing the kingship,
priests and officials, farmers dependent and artisans, and the class of the slaves,
who were generally of prisoners of war. The heads of the Temple were considered
as royalties and controlled major areas with the Lugal. While the male
domination exists, women have rights has in Mesopotamia. They could own land
and businesses and could trade, but the education of children has been
preferred. Women has finished by losing
the social status of the spread of agriculture and the rise of the middle
class. The social class in Egypt has been less pronounced: composed of the king
and his officials, the officials of the lower level, the priests, the farmers
and the professionals, and peasants to the base. The peasant class executed a
large part of the agricultural labor force,
since slavery has been limited. Obesity, as in many ancient civilizations, was
a sign of wealth and status. Subordination of the woman to the man appears in
Egypt as well. Women still had the rights a little more. This included to possess property, inheritance and the
ability of property to anyone.

 

A
king of any kind has finally ruled that Egypt and Mesopotamia. Egyptians were
governed by a bureaucracy, where the pharaoh was the supreme head, follow-up to
its designated agents. The officials have been chosen by the merit, rather than
by the heritage as in Mesopotamia. The pharaoh was considered as God on earth,
granted with the responsibility to ensure
the well-being and prosperity. The palace has been in the control of
long-distance trade as well as the collection of taxs to put in the construction and the army. Priests, on the other
hand, have not played a large role in policy as in Mesopotamia. The two centers
of power in Mesopotamia were the temple and the Palace of the king. The Temple
and the Palace were generally in the center and surrounded by agricultural
land, known as a state of city. These
cities-developed states independently and exchanged between them. The
theocratic King has been called the Lugal and has been responsible for property
rights, the defense, and the Act. Slightly different from Egypt, the Lugal was
that the representative or a mediator of the gods.