The Situation inthe Lake Chad Basin (Background, Solutions, Stats)Information Gathered by John PrieschlTheissues surrounding the Lake Chad Basin is one of the most difficult andimperative topics that nations around the world are determined to resolve.
Hunger and malnutrition plague the north-eastern Nigeria, Cameroon’s Far North,western Chad and south-eastern Niger, with more than seventeen million citizensbeing affected. Nigeria, a country that is damaged most by the Lake Chad Basincrisis, has had a checkered history with their use of funds; the Africancountry was funded with 714 million dollars, and the nation has failed to meet340 million of this “gift.” Therefore, the solution lies not with theimportation of more money and more resources, but a complete overhaulof regulation and study of the use of other nation’s reliefs, as well as theresponsibility of the governments. British Ambassador to the UN, MatthewRycroft, stated in March 2017: ‘We came in order to show this will no longer bea neglected crisis.’ His counterpart, Senegalese Ambassador Fodé Seck, wentfurther, urging that, ‘when we go back to New York, we must not sit idle … thisvisit must have follow up.
‘ It is the obligation of the Security Council tocondemn the groups and authority members responsible for the infringement ofmillions of citizen’s rights, infringements that the world has largelyneglected or ignored. Boko Haram, a terrorist network that has targeted,exploited, and demonstrated its aptitude for violence, is run by AbubakarShekau, a man who has gained control of the area in the past and has continuedto influence the population even when he is not in authority. The group aims toestablish a fully Islamic state in Nigeria, including the implementation ofsharia criminal courts across the country. Paul Lubeck, a University ofCalifornia, Santa Cruz, professor who researches Muslim societies in Africa,says Yusuf was a trained Salafist (an adherent of a school of thought oftenassociated with jihad), and was strongly influenced by Ibn Taymiyyah, afourteenth-century legal scholar who preached Islamic fundamentalism and is animportant figure for radical groups in the Middle East. Theyhave attacked Nigeria’s police and army, politicians, schools, religiousbuildings, public institutions, and civilians with increasing regularity since2009. The threat of this group has delayed the importation of food, money,building structure, and more.
The power of the Boko Haram has only escalated inthe past few years, from the kidnapping of 200 children (mostly female) to thekidnapping of the wife of Cameroon’s prime minister. These transgressionssignalize the broadening of efforts by this organization, which originallybegan their fight in Borno, Nigeria. One way in which their mission has spreadlike wildfire throughout the Lake Chad Basin area was the splitting of oneconglomerate into many separate factions. The new units moved to neighboringcountries, influencing the nations through lethal and repulsive actions. Whatmakes the Boko Haram such an abominable threat to the safety of civilians is thattheir message and call to violence may be understandable for minorities.
Forseveral decades, social inequality has plagued the nation of Nigeria; manypeople see the movement as an effect, not so much a cause. Government and elitedelinquency may have gradually fed into unspeakable mayhem, and the corruptionof public services is “a center of criminal enterprise.” A 2009 AmnestyInternational report said Nigerian police were responsible for hundreds ofextrajudicial killings and disappearances each year that largely “gouninvestigated and unpunished.” The group said in a later report that nearlyone thousand people, mostly Islamist militants, died in military custody in thefirst half of 2013. However, these institutions and practices are still foundin the government of Nigeria today. Until these forces are checked for theirabuse of power, the terrorist attacks and prodding for power by the Boko Haramnetwork is unlikely to cease.
President Jonathan appears intent on quelling thegroup by force. Many experts argue that Boko Haram cannot be defeated on thebattlefield; it appears to be gaining strength after the crackdown in 2013,acquiring better weapons, and fielding more fighters than ever. “Boko Haramis better armed and better motivated than our own troops,” Borno state governorKashim Shettima said in February 2014. “Given the present state of affairs, itis absolutely impossible for us to defeat Boko Haram.” The acts of theterrorist group are appalling and gut-wrenching, but the dispersion of evil inthe governments of Nigeria and neighboring allies may result in the “killing oftwo birds with one stone.”Ifthe many countries in the Lake Chad Basin area of Africa want to find a clear causationfor the disappearance of people groups, resources, and peace, then we must gaugethe impact that the Boko Haram has had. Since February 2017, the number ofincidents and deaths during the crisis has skyrocketed, and the charts arepredicting an all-time high realization of violence and horror to the strongestdegree.
As of August 11, 2017, 145 girls under the age of 25 have been utilizedin suicide blasts by the terrorist group; this number has likely grown sincethen. The fear of impending doom and potential massacres have led to thedisplacement of a miniscule amount of people. 17.2 million people have beenliving in affected areas, and while displacement may seem as though it’s aviable option, the blocking of several main roads and the flooding in numerouslocations has made travel, of any kind, virtually impossible.
For those thatescape the terror that is contained within Niger, Cameroon, Chad, and Nigeria,they are met with camps and territories of retreat that are in terriblecondition, plagued by disease and crime. Despitethe United States urging an influx of law enforcement efforts and, even,military support, this would be problematic due to the questionable history ofarmed forces in Nigeria. Rather than suggest the expansion of brute force,there should be mandatory inspections and overviews of the force currentlyemployed to maintain order and justice. The many injustices committed by thecitizens of the countries exclusively must not be ignored in favor ofexploiting the acts of terrorism, seeing as many of these situations could havebeen avoided by an upright political and social system. Anotherway to compromise with the enemy is by improving the education and politicaldiversity in these countries.
By showing many ethnicities and paths of life ingovernment, or in power, the Boko Haram’s reasons for causing catastrophesthroughout the many African nations will be found irrelevant and in the past.If they were to continue their acts of horror after the checking of governmentforces and discrimination, military action can then be used to abolish thegroup once and for all; the diversification of the population and authorityfigures would be a much quicker solution for a problem as dire as this one. Theresources are there for the taking, and by eliminating the presence of the BokoHaram faction, the starving and neglected population can finally receive thehelp and assistance that they have yearned for. WorksCited/Bibliography:Bseitter. “HumanitarianCrisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin.
” CARE, 27 Oct. 2017, www.care.org/emergencies/global-hunger-crisis/humanitarian-crisis-nigeria-and-lake-chad-basin.”Lake Chad Basin: CrisisOverview.
” Lake Chad Basin: Crisis Overview | OCHA, 2017, www.unocha.org/rowca/lake-chad-crisis.”Lake Chad Basin: CrisisOverview (as of 11 August 2017).
” ReliefWeb, 11 Aug. 2017, reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/lake-chad-basin-crisis-overview-11-august-2017.”Lake Chad Basin |Disaster Assistance.” U.
S. Agency for International Development, 18 Dec. 2017, www.usaid.gov/crisis/lake-chad.Mahmood, Omar S. “TheHidden Opportunity of the Lake Chad Basin Crisis.
” ISS Africa, 10 Mar. 2017,issafrica.org/iss-today/the-hidden-opportunity-of-the-lake-chad-basin-crisis.Sergie, Mohammed Aly, andToni Johnson. “Boko Haram.
” Council on Foreign Relations, Council on Foreign Relations, 5 Mar.2015, www.cfr.org/backgrounder/boko-haram.