The people are the one who have the power

Republic of the Philippines is a unitary, presidential, representative, and
democratic republic, wherein the President is both the head of state and
government (Sawe B., 2017). As a democratic republic, the citizens are where
the ultimate authority and power are derived from (Spunky Pundit, 2013). As
such, the people are the one who have the power to decide and appoint the
officials who will run the government. This is done through a process known as
an election. Election, according to Encyclopedia Britannica, is the official
procedure of choosing a person for public office by voting. Citizens of the
nation, who are of legal age, are given a chance to vote for whoever they wish
to lead the government. Although this age-old practice was practiced since the
time of Ancient Athens and the Roman Empire, the origin of elections in the
contemporary society started in the 17th century. It is the time
when the holistic of representation distinguishing the Middle Ages was
converted into a more individualistic conception, one that made the individual
to be the critical component that is counted. As time progressed, people who
seek full democracy favored the advocacy of universal adult suffrage. In the
beginning, only men were allowed to vote however, with the rise of advocates of
women suffrage, women were eventually allowed to vote as well (Gibbins R.,
Eulau H., Webb P.D., 2015). Democracy came to be as an opposition to the belief
of the absolute rule of a monarch. As Democracy was established so did the
process of election. Elections were held in order for the citizens of the
nation to have a say on who should be the people in the government and how the
government should be run. The process of election is held in order to ensure
that the government is of the people, for the people, and by the people.
However, in every election that we have, issues of electoral abuse always arise,
such as vote buying and propaganda issues. Thus we dive into one of the main
problems about election: “Is our election process really fair?” In my opinion,
our election process is not fair.

            In order to further extend our
understanding about the issue of fairness of the election we must look at the
perspective of the opposition party as well. In the defense of the opposition,
a claim that the election process is fair because of the “Republic Act 9006
also known as the Fair Election Act” which is an act that aims to improve the
holding of free, orderly, honest, peaceful and credible elections through fair
election practices (PhilStar, 2013). This act was officially approved and
implemented on February 12, 2001 under the administration of Pres. Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo. Furthermore, The electoral process also seemed to be “largely
fair” through the use of automated counting machines also known as the PCOS
machines which were used starting from the 2010 Elections. Through using these
machines, election malpractices are prevented, which paves the way for a fair
election (Reuters, 2010). To begin with, the main reason that we even hold
elections is so the people could have an equal say as to who shall be the
leaders of the government should be.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

            Through the observations of the past
elections however, we could clearly see that our election process, in fact, is
not fair at all. First of all, in every election that we had in the Philippines
there is always issues about electoral sabotage such as, vote buying or the manipulation
of votes. For instance, the electoral sabotage case against former President
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo committed on or before May 14, 2007 where the three supposedly
(Arroyo, Ampatuan, and Bedol) conspired and aided each other to guarantee a
“12-0” victory for the senatorial candidates of Arroyo’s “team unity” where
they “deliberately, feloniously and illegally meddled with the provincial
certificate of canvass of votes, the reports of votes by city or municipality
and summary account of votes for the province of Maguindanao” (Andrade, 2011). Another
case was in Guagua town, the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting
(PPCRV) confirmed that some ballots in Precinct 0169-A in Betis Elementary
School were “pre-shaded “to favor a mayoral candidate. House Minority Leader
Danilo Suarez, whose son David is running for re-election as Quezon governor,
said the province’s second district, as well as Lucena City, is the center of suspected
vote-buying, with P1,000 to P2,000 being offered to each voter (Inquirer, 2013).