The term “Marxism” was popularized by Karl Kautsky, a German philosopher, in the 19th century. Marxist philosophy examines the development of human society from the standpoint of materialism and believes that human society can be better structured through the anxiety of lower class towards upper class. In both plays, Two Trains Running and Othello, Marxism plays a dominant role where characters in both plays only care about their social status and external appearances, and are willing to do dangerous or bad things for money and power because whoever controls the most wealth and the power gets to control the people below them. Society is broken down into different groups in these two plays. In Othello, Othello, Desdemona, Cassio, and Roderigo are seen as members of the upper, ruling class, while Iago is part of the lower, working class. Lower class people act and speak in a humble and respectful way when they interact with upper classes. Iago always starts speaking or ends his speaking with “My Lord” when he speaks to Othello. The voice of the upper class is always louder than the lower class, as when Othello is talking to Iago about Brabantio’s opinion on the marriage “Let him do his spite. My services which I have done the signiory shall out-tongue his complaints” (Shakespeare I.i.28). Since Othello is ranked higher than Brabantio in Duke’s eyes, Othello’s opinion will be accepted by the Duke and the noblemen of Venice over Brabantio’s opinion. In Two Trains Running, the whites are ranked as upper class, and the blacks are always on the bottom because they are usually poor, which is why they like to play the numbers racket in a hope to become wealthy if they are lucky enough. “The numbers give you an opportunity. If it wasn’t for the numbers all these n* would be poor” (Wilson 3). Since the blacks are ranked very low in social status, they have been treated awfully as when Holloway speaks to Memphis of how he thinks Hambone has more sense than them because “he ain’t willing to accept whatever the white man throw at him” (Wilson 30). Hambone knows that being in the lower class doesn’t mean that he has to accept and burden whatever the higher class have put them into. As from the standpoint of Marxism, it believes that the classes are the basic unit of social structure because they are necessary for a society to progress as different classes defending for their class interest or even seeking for higher social status.