The poet, artist, and printmaker William Blake (1757–1827)was an first writer of this kind. that they may be frequently concentration on”an emotional trouble and non-public crisis”. Blake keep excessiveregard by later critics for his expressiveness and imagination, and forabstract and mystical undercurrents within his work.After Blake, among the earliest Romantics were the Lake poets,a small group of friends, such as William Wordsworth (1770–1850),SamuelTaylor Coleridge (1772–1834),Robert Southey (1774–1843)and journalist Thomas De Quincey (1785–1859).
However, at the timeWalterScott (1771–1832) was the most famous poet. Scott achieved immediatesuccess with his long narrative poem The Lay of the Last Minstrel in 1805, accompained by using thefull epicpoem Marmion in 1808. Both were set in the distant Scottishpast.
The early Romantic Poets added a newemotionalism and introspection, and their emergence is marked through the firstromantic manifesto in English literature, the “Preface” to Lyrical Ballads (1798). . In it Wordsworth discusses what he sees asthe elements of a new type of poetry, one based at the “actual language ofguys”, and which avoids the poetic diction of plenty 18th-century poetry. The poems in Lyrical Ballads have been broadly speaking bymeans of Wordsworth, though Coleridge contributed, oneof the high quality poems of English literature, the lengthy “Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, a tragic ballad about the survival of one sailorthrough a chain of supernatural events on his voyage through the South Seas,and which includes the symbolically extensive slaying of an albatross.Coleridge is also especially remembered for “Kubla Khan”, “Frost at Midnight”, “Dejection: an Ode”, “Christabel”, as well as the major prose work Biographia Literaria. His critical work, particularly on Shakespeare, was highly influential, and he helpedintroduce German idealist philosophy to English-speaking culture. Coleridgeand Wordsworth, along with Carlyle, were a major influence, through Emerson, on American transcendentalism Among Wordsworth’s most important poems,are “Michael”, “Lines Composed a Few Miles Above TinternAbbey”, “Resolution and Independence”, “Ode: Intimations ofImmortality from Recollections of Early Childhood” and the long, autobiographical,epic The Prelude.
Robert Southey (1774–1843)was another of the so-known as “Lake Poets”,and Poet Laureate for30 years from 1813 to his loss of life 1843. Although his fame has been longeclipsed by that of his contemporaries and friends WilliamWordsworth and Samuel TaylorColeridge. Thomas De Quincey (1785–1859)was an English essayist,exceptional known for his Confessionsof an English Opium-Eater (1821), anautobiographical account of his laudanum use andits impact on his existence. William Hazlitt (1778–1830), friend of bothColeridge and Wordsworth, is another important essayist at this time, thoughtoday he is best known for his literary criticism, especially Charactersof Shakespeare’s Plays (1817–18).