The book of Luke is a gospel of thenew testament of the bible.
Gospels are books in the bible that were essentiallywritten by authors describing the life of Christ from his birth until his deathand resurrection. Some of the gospels also include instances of the appearancesof Christ after his resurrection. There are four gospels in total of the bibleeach highlighting different aspects of the same story, Christ and the salvationhe brought his people. The gospel of Luke is the third gospel in the bible andits written by its namesake, Luke. Although there is not a consensus to a specificdate as to when the gospel was actually written, it is generally agreed it wassometime around A.D. 64. Luke was both the author of the gospel of Luke and thebook of the Acts of the Apostles.
Both of these books were addressed to a mannamed Theophilus, a Christian man, for the intention of presenting him with anarrative of the early Christian movement. It is known that “Luke was aphysician and a companion of the apostle Paul”, and was also known to havewritten more than any other write of the New Testament. “Luke has also beencalled the first Christian historian” (Blomberg,2017). This is mostly due to the fact Luke included the genealogy of Christ andhis early ministry.Outlineof the Gospel of Luke I.
Preface (1:1-4) II. The Infancy Narratives (1:5-2:52)a. Annunciation and response b. Birth c. Jesus in the Temple III. Preparation for Jesus’ Ministry (3:1-4:13)a. The activity of John the Baptistb.
The emergence of Jesus IV. Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee (4:14-9:50)a. Jesus returns homeb. Disciples and opponentsc. The Sermon on the Plain d.
The nature of Jesus’ ministry e. Teaching throughout Galilee f. Forebodings of a change V. The Journey to Jerusalem(9:51-19:27)a. Preparations for the journey b.
Love, mercy, and listening as theheart of discipleship c. Teaching on prayer d. Growing conflict and controversy e. Explaining discipleshipf. Impending judgment andaccountability g.
The nature of the Kingdom of God h. The nature of true discipleship i. Parables of the lost and found j. The dangers of misplaced loyaltiesk.
Living the Kingdom of God l. Attitudes toward the Kingdom VI. Jesus’ Ministry in Jerusalem(19:28-21:38)a. Jesus’ arrival in Jerusalem b. Teaching in the Temple and growinghostility to Jesus c.
The coming devastation VII. The Passion, Death, and Resurrectionof Jesus (22:1-24:53)a. The final hours b. Jesus’ arrest and trial c. The crucifixion of Jesus d. The resurrection and response Thestructure of the gospel of Luke, as outlined by Dennis Bratcher (2016), has astorytelling structure. The book begins with the birth of Christ or Jesus ofNazareth and parallels it to the birth of John the Baptist. An angel appears tothe father of John the Baptist to tell him that his barren wife is expecting,similarly to the way the angel appeared to Mary to reveal to her that she iswith child and was to give birth to the Savior of the world.
Luke then tellsthe story of the birth of Christ in the town of Bethlehem in a manger. Afterthe story of the birth of Christ the gospel discusses Christ in the temple, aplace he calls his fathers house. Then the works of John the Baptist arediscussed as he is preparing to baptize Jesus to prepare Jesus for hisministry.
After the baptism of Jesus Luke goes over the genealogy of Jesusstarting from Adam, the first man to walk the earth. Luke discusses thetemptation of Jesus via Satan, and how Satan was unsuccessful at coaxing Jesusto sin. Jesus then begins his ministry after returning from the wilderness andbeing tempted by Satan. From Nazareth Jesus goes to Galilee where Luke writesabout the many miracles Jesus began to work. The gospel then discusses how thefirst apostles came to follow Jesus, and how Jesus wanted them to becomefishers of men. People who oppose the teachings of Jesus begin to beencountered in this gospel. The opposition comes particularly from thePharisees who adhere to traditional Jewish laws and observe them fiercely. Lukethen discusses briefly the Sermon on the Mount and some parables Jesus spoke.
The gospel then goes over some miracles Jesus performed such as curing a manpossessed by a demon, bringing a hemorrhaging woman back to health, revivingthe daughter of a man named Jairus, and the miracle of scant bread and fishserving five thousand people.Jesusthen makes his way in the direction of Jerusalem and discusses missionaries andspreading his word to all nations. One important point Jesus makes whiletraveling was emphasizing the first and second commandments. First being “lovethe Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all yourmind”. The second being, “love your neighbor as yourself”. Luke discusses theministry of Jesus as spreading his good news to every person on the planet, nomatter who the person is. Jesus states whether they are Jew or Gentile, theyneed to hear the word of God.
Luke writes of Jesus telling his disciples how topray properly and teaches them the Jesus prayer. After discussing more of theteachings of Jesus, Luke writes about Jesus coming to Jerusalem and preachingto the chief priests and elders who do not agree with the teachings of Jesus.Jesus speaks of what will happen before the end of days and the Son of Godreturns to the earth. ApproachingJesus’ final hours of life as a man on earth, Luke writes about Passover andhow Jesus institutes the Eucharist as eating bread and drinking wine as symbolsof the body and the blood of Jesus. It is during this time the Jesus tellsPeter he will deny him three times before the rooster crows. Judas Iscariot ispaid off to hand Jesus over to the chief priests and elders to be arrested.Luke writes about Jesus being brought before Pilate to be convicted and despitethe apprehension of Pilate, he sentences Jesus to death to appease the crowd.
Jesus is then turned over to the crowd where he is beaten and crucified on across. Jesus then states right before he dies, “Father, into thy hands Icommend my spirit” (Luke 23:46, New King James Version). Jesus is then buriedin a tomb with a large rock placed at the entrance. Three days after MaryMagdalene returns to his gravesite to find Jesus is gone and an angel appearsto tell her Jesus has been raised from the dead. Luke writes about the apostlesnot believing Mary Magdalene and wanting to see for themselves. When theyarrive at the gravesite Jesus appears to them and instructs them to spread theword of what has happened to all nations.
Then Jesus parted from them and wascarried up to heaven. The gospel ends with the disciples worshipping,rejoicing, and blessing God.VaughnRoberts, the author of the book God’s Big Picture: Tracing the Storyline of theBible, describes the gospel of Luke highlighting Jesus being the Savior of theworld. Roberts discusses how all four of the gospels are placed in thestoryline of the bible as “the present kingdom”. This is the place were we gofrom the promise of God to the fulfillment of the promised kingdom, which isdiscussed in the Old Testament. Roberts paints a picture of how Jesus is boththe “composer” and the “conductor” of this world. Jesus acts as both thecreator and the navigator of the world. This illustrates God the creator beingthe composer and God the Savior being the conductor.
With Christ is thefulfillment of the promise and this is why the gospel of Luke is placed in thestoryline as the present kingdom. One ofthe major roles found in the gospel of Luke is the theme that Jesus serves adistinctive role in the kingdom of God. He was born of a woman, served andministered to man, and paid the ultimate price of death on a cross to serve asthe fulfillment of God’s promise to man. After the fall of man, humankind lostthe privilege to be privileged to dwell with God in his kingdom. Jesus’ role inGod’s kingdom was to make God’s kingdom available to all mankind once again.Another major theme in the gospel of Luke is the importance Jesus teaches aboutwitnessing to all nations. Multiple times Luke states to be a disciple ofChrist one must be a witness, one must have compassion, and one must showgratitude.
The author puts emphases on the fact Jesus taught to preach to allnations not only the Jews but to the gentiles as well. Luke writes also aboutthe importance of prayer for believers. He writes about the Jesus prayer andhow Jesus spoke about speaking in a prayerful way to God, for things likerequests, guidance, and forgiveness. Another theme that appears throughout thisgospel is Gods willingness to forgive sinners.
Jesus spoke of being baptizedfor the forgiveness of your sins, and asking God for forgiveness. God neverintended for us to be separated from his presence and longs for men to returnto him. The gospel of Luke emphasizes that all of mankind are sinners and arein great need of salvation. It was also important to Luke to provide a completeaccount for the genealogy of Jesus stemming all the way back to Adam. Thisallows us to see that Jesus is a representative of not only the Jews but of allmankind.Whenreflecting on the gospel of Luke a person is able to see the major themes thatshow up throughout the book.
Personally I enjoy the viewpoint Luke writes fromand the special emphasis that is written in this book but is merely touched onin the other gospels. Luke gives special emphasis on Jesus relating to thecommon humanity, which makes the reader feel as though what is being written isbeing spoken directly to them. For instance when Luke discussed the Sermon onthe Mount, he puts large amounts of emphasis on the being concerned for theoutcasts and the poor people.
Luke also includes parables that are not in theother gospels and puts difference emphasis on ones that are included in theother gospels. The story of the Good Samaritan is a parable that is only foundin the book of Luke, and is one of Jesus’ most well-known and importantparables. This is also an example of Luke’s emphasis on associating withoutcasts and the common people. Luke also provides the audience with ahistorical perspective.
Although he does not reference the Old Testament asmuch as the other three gospels do, he was the only author to give a completehistorical genealogy of Jesus that dated back to the first man. Luke also givesa lot of praise to the women who appear throughout the gospel. He goes intomore depth than the other gospels about who Mary Magdalene was and her being avery close disciple of his.
He also praises Mary the mother of Christ for herrejoicing in the learning she will give birth to the Son of God. Luke speaksvery highly of these women in the bible and calls them “courageous women”. Theunique perspective Luke brings to telling about the life and works of Jesusdefinitely adds to the bible on the whole. It highlights aspects that are nottold in depth in the other gospels of the bible and provides the reader with amore historical background.The gospel of Luke adds a unique historicalperspective to the story of Jesus. It is this aspect that gives Luke the titleof being called the first Christian historian. This Christian historian focusedon our responsibilities to Jesus as Christians, and to others as brothers andsisters.
The gospel is written to an audience of “common” people, so allreaders are more likely to feel spoken and addressed. The major themes of howto follow Christ, how to pray to God, and how to be a good Christian arehighlighted in this gospel and told from the perspective of a knowledgeable manwho gave everything he could to meticulously comprise this gospel and get everyfact straight. This approach is of great importance to readers of the bible, aswe as Christians believe the bible to be the complete word of God.