The in the bible that were essentially written by

The book of Luke is a gospel of the
new testament of the bible. Gospels are books in the bible that were essentially
written by authors describing the life of Christ from his birth until his death
and resurrection. Some of the gospels also include instances of the appearances
of Christ after his resurrection. There are four gospels in total of the bible
each highlighting different aspects of the same story, Christ and the salvation
he brought his people. The gospel of Luke is the third gospel in the bible and
its written by its namesake, Luke. Although there is not a consensus to a specific
date as to when the gospel was actually written, it is generally agreed it was
sometime around A.D. 64. Luke was both the author of the gospel of Luke and the
book of the Acts of the Apostles. Both of these books were addressed to a man
named Theophilus, a Christian man, for the intention of presenting him with a
narrative of the early Christian movement. It is known that “Luke was a
physician and a companion of the apostle Paul”, and was also known to have
written more than any other write of the New Testament. “Luke has also been
called the first Christian historian” (Blomberg,
2017). This is mostly due to the fact Luke included the genealogy of Christ and
his early ministry.

Outline
of the Gospel of Luke

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I.        
Preface (1:1-4)

   
II.        
The Infancy Narratives (1:5-2:52)

a.    
Annunciation and response

b.    
Birth

c.    
Jesus in the Temple

 
III.        
Preparation for Jesus’ Ministry (3:1-4:13)

a.    
The activity of John the Baptist

b.    
The emergence of Jesus

 
IV.        
Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee (4:14-9:50)

a.    
Jesus returns home

b.    
Disciples and opponents

c.    
The Sermon on the Plain

d.    
The nature of Jesus’ ministry

e.    
Teaching throughout Galilee

f.     
Forebodings of a change

   
V.        
The Journey to Jerusalem
(9:51-19:27)

a.    
Preparations for the journey

b.    
Love, mercy, and listening as the
heart of discipleship

c.    
Teaching on prayer

d.    
Growing conflict and controversy

e.    
Explaining discipleship

f.     
Impending judgment and
accountability

g.    
The nature of the Kingdom of God

h.    
The nature of true discipleship

i.     
Parables of the lost and found

j.     
The dangers of misplaced loyalties

k.    
Living the Kingdom of God

l.     
Attitudes toward the Kingdom

 
VI.        
Jesus’ Ministry in Jerusalem
(19:28-21:38)

a.    
Jesus’ arrival in Jerusalem

b.    
Teaching in the Temple and growing
hostility to Jesus

c.    
The coming devastation

VII.        
The Passion, Death, and Resurrection
of Jesus (22:1-24:53)

a.    
The final hours

b.    
Jesus’ arrest and trial

c.    
The crucifixion of Jesus

d.    
The resurrection and response

 

The
structure of the gospel of Luke, as outlined by Dennis Bratcher (2016), has a
storytelling structure. The book begins with the birth of Christ or Jesus of
Nazareth and parallels it to the birth of John the Baptist. An angel appears to
the father of John the Baptist to tell him that his barren wife is expecting,
similarly to the way the angel appeared to Mary to reveal to her that she is
with child and was to give birth to the Savior of the world. Luke then tells
the story of the birth of Christ in the town of Bethlehem in a manger. After
the story of the birth of Christ the gospel discusses Christ in the temple, a
place he calls his fathers house. Then the works of John the Baptist are
discussed as he is preparing to baptize Jesus to prepare Jesus for his
ministry. After the baptism of Jesus Luke goes over the genealogy of Jesus
starting from Adam, the first man to walk the earth. Luke discusses the
temptation of Jesus via Satan, and how Satan was unsuccessful at coaxing Jesus
to sin. Jesus then begins his ministry after returning from the wilderness and
being tempted by Satan. From Nazareth Jesus goes to Galilee where Luke writes
about the many miracles Jesus began to work. The gospel then discusses how the
first apostles came to follow Jesus, and how Jesus wanted them to become
fishers of men. People who oppose the teachings of Jesus begin to be
encountered in this gospel. The opposition comes particularly from the
Pharisees who adhere to traditional Jewish laws and observe them fiercely. Luke
then discusses briefly the Sermon on the Mount and some parables Jesus spoke.

The gospel then goes over some miracles Jesus performed such as curing a man
possessed by a demon, bringing a hemorrhaging woman back to health, reviving
the daughter of a man named Jairus, and the miracle of scant bread and fish
serving five thousand people.

Jesus
then makes his way in the direction of Jerusalem and discusses missionaries and
spreading his word to all nations. One important point Jesus makes while
traveling was emphasizing the first and second commandments. First being “love
the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your
mind”. The second being, “love your neighbor as yourself”. Luke discusses the
ministry of Jesus as spreading his good news to every person on the planet, no
matter who the person is. Jesus states whether they are Jew or Gentile, they
need to hear the word of God. Luke writes of Jesus telling his disciples how to
pray properly and teaches them the Jesus prayer. After discussing more of the
teachings of Jesus, Luke writes about Jesus coming to Jerusalem and preaching
to the chief priests and elders who do not agree with the teachings of Jesus.

Jesus speaks of what will happen before the end of days and the Son of God
returns to the earth.

Approaching
Jesus’ final hours of life as a man on earth, Luke writes about Passover and
how Jesus institutes the Eucharist as eating bread and drinking wine as symbols
of the body and the blood of Jesus. It is during this time the Jesus tells
Peter he will deny him three times before the rooster crows. Judas Iscariot is
paid off to hand Jesus over to the chief priests and elders to be arrested.

Luke writes about Jesus being brought before Pilate to be convicted and despite
the apprehension of Pilate, he sentences Jesus to death to appease the crowd.

Jesus is then turned over to the crowd where he is beaten and crucified on a
cross. Jesus then states right before he dies, “Father, into thy hands I
commend my spirit” (Luke 23:46, New King James Version). Jesus is then buried
in a tomb with a large rock placed at the entrance. Three days after Mary
Magdalene returns to his gravesite to find Jesus is gone and an angel appears
to tell her Jesus has been raised from the dead. Luke writes about the apostles
not believing Mary Magdalene and wanting to see for themselves. When they
arrive at the gravesite Jesus appears to them and instructs them to spread the
word of what has happened to all nations. Then Jesus parted from them and was
carried up to heaven. The gospel ends with the disciples worshipping,
rejoicing, and blessing God.

Vaughn
Roberts, the author of the book God’s Big Picture: Tracing the Storyline of the
Bible, describes the gospel of Luke highlighting Jesus being the Savior of the
world. Roberts discusses how all four of the gospels are placed in the
storyline of the bible as “the present kingdom”. This is the place were we go
from the promise of God to the fulfillment of the promised kingdom, which is
discussed in the Old Testament. Roberts paints a picture of how Jesus is both
the “composer” and the “conductor” of this world. Jesus acts as both the
creator and the navigator of the world. This illustrates God the creator being
the composer and God the Savior being the conductor. With Christ is the
fulfillment of the promise and this is why the gospel of Luke is placed in the
storyline as the present kingdom.

One of
the major roles found in the gospel of Luke is the theme that Jesus serves a
distinctive role in the kingdom of God. He was born of a woman, served and
ministered to man, and paid the ultimate price of death on a cross to serve as
the fulfillment of God’s promise to man. After the fall of man, humankind lost
the privilege to be privileged to dwell with God in his kingdom. Jesus’ role in
God’s kingdom was to make God’s kingdom available to all mankind once again.

Another major theme in the gospel of Luke is the importance Jesus teaches about
witnessing to all nations. Multiple times Luke states to be a disciple of
Christ one must be a witness, one must have compassion, and one must show
gratitude. The author puts emphases on the fact Jesus taught to preach to all
nations not only the Jews but to the gentiles as well. Luke writes also about
the importance of prayer for believers. He writes about the Jesus prayer and
how Jesus spoke about speaking in a prayerful way to God, for things like
requests, guidance, and forgiveness. Another theme that appears throughout this
gospel is Gods willingness to forgive sinners. Jesus spoke of being baptized
for the forgiveness of your sins, and asking God for forgiveness. God never
intended for us to be separated from his presence and longs for men to return
to him. The gospel of Luke emphasizes that all of mankind are sinners and are
in great need of salvation. It was also important to Luke to provide a complete
account for the genealogy of Jesus stemming all the way back to Adam. This
allows us to see that Jesus is a representative of not only the Jews but of all
mankind.

When
reflecting on the gospel of Luke a person is able to see the major themes that
show up throughout the book. Personally I enjoy the viewpoint Luke writes from
and the special emphasis that is written in this book but is merely touched on
in the other gospels. Luke gives special emphasis on Jesus relating to the
common humanity, which makes the reader feel as though what is being written is
being spoken directly to them. For instance when Luke discussed the Sermon on
the Mount, he puts large amounts of emphasis on the being concerned for the
outcasts and the poor people. Luke also includes parables that are not in the
other gospels and puts difference emphasis on ones that are included in the
other gospels. The story of the Good Samaritan is a parable that is only found
in the book of Luke, and is one of Jesus’ most well-known and important
parables. This is also an example of Luke’s emphasis on associating with
outcasts and the common people. Luke also provides the audience with a
historical perspective. Although he does not reference the Old Testament as
much as the other three gospels do, he was the only author to give a complete
historical genealogy of Jesus that dated back to the first man. Luke also gives
a lot of praise to the women who appear throughout the gospel. He goes into
more depth than the other gospels about who Mary Magdalene was and her being a
very close disciple of his. He also praises Mary the mother of Christ for her
rejoicing in the learning she will give birth to the Son of God. Luke speaks
very highly of these women in the bible and calls them “courageous women”. The
unique perspective Luke brings to telling about the life and works of Jesus
definitely adds to the bible on the whole. It highlights aspects that are not
told in depth in the other gospels of the bible and provides the reader with a
more historical background.

The gospel of Luke adds a unique historical
perspective to the story of Jesus. It is this aspect that gives Luke the title
of being called the first Christian historian. This Christian historian focused
on our responsibilities to Jesus as Christians, and to others as brothers and
sisters. The gospel is written to an audience of “common” people, so all
readers are more likely to feel spoken and addressed. The major themes of how
to follow Christ, how to pray to God, and how to be a good Christian are
highlighted in this gospel and told from the perspective of a knowledgeable man
who gave everything he could to meticulously comprise this gospel and get every
fact straight. This approach is of great importance to readers of the bible, as
we as Christians believe the bible to be the complete word of God.