The Time Machine is H.G. Wells’s manifestation of our future. The book starts off as a communist utopia with everything working in harmony. It’s about a character named “The Time Traveler” who built a time machine that allows him to travel through time.
The book begins with him inviting guest over for dinner. They discuss the topic of time travel and whether it’s possible or not. The Time Traveler then announces that he’s built a time machine that works but none of his gust believes him. He later goes on to travel into the future to the year 802,701. This adventure is the story he tells to convince his guest. His journey commences with him arriving into a future where everyone is living in synchronization. There seems to be no source of government and all the people are equal.
The people the traveler saw there seemed to be less intelligent then modern-day people. They seemed to be one with the nature living of only fruits and vegetables. He called these people Eloi. Later on, in his expedition, he meets some new people he called the Morlocks. These people seemed to be smart enough to operate the machinery they required to live underground. It was also during this time that he noticed his time machine had been stolen. As he went on to try and figure out who stole it, he saw that this future wasn’t so pretty.
At first, he thought that The Eloi and Morlocks were friends with the Morlocks working for the Eloi and everyone was happy. He then learned that this is not the case. The Eloi are afraid of the Morlocks because the Morlocks eat them. This is when the book turns into the dystopia it is. It seems to be that the Morlocks are the working class of society and the Eloi are the rich upper class.
In the book it says, “Evidently, I thought, this tendency had increased till Industry had gradually lost its birthright in the sky. … Even now, does not an East-end worker live in such artificial conditions as practically to be cut off from the natural surface of the earth?” Here The Timer Traveler is comparing the future to the present talking about how workers live underground and none works live above ground. This is like saying lower class workers are bellow and the rich folks are above in the upper class.
He also notices the separation of mankind. As he says in the book, “So, as I see it, the Upper-world man had drifted towards his feeble prettiness, and the Under-world to mere mechanical industry”. This shows how divided our society is in the future. The upper class is all the way up top and the lower class is all the way on the bottom with nothing in between them. This new world the traveler is witnessing has lost almost all of its hope. He says in the book, “And I have by me, for my comfort, two strange white flowers – shriveled now, and brown and flat and brittle – to witness that even when mind and strength had gone, gratitude and mutual tenderness still lived on in the heart of man”.
This shows how there’s nothing left in the future and all we have to hang on to is the compassion of man the idea of a better future. The book goes on with The Time Traveler finding his time machine and traveling even farther in the future to a point where he witnesses the end of the world. He then decides it’s time for him to go home and travels back to his time and finishes the circle of the story with where he began.
He tells his dinner guest how terrible the future is but no one still believes him except the .