The concept of sustainable development was introducedto capture the interdependency of economic, environmental and socialsustainability.
Since its emergence, this concept has become widely recognised bygovernments, companies and even individuals as they are now implementing boldeconomic, social and environmental agendas. Explain that the essay will focus on the economicand environmental pillars In order to gain an in-depth understanding of theconcept of sustainable development, it is required to consider and reflect onboth conventional and critical perspectives. For this reason, Castro’s (2004)work will be introduced in this essay as he provides a comprehensive analysisof these approaches.
In fact, he discusses mainstream analyses as well ascritical approaches, such as postructuralist and Marxist.The importance of these will be explained later on The first part of this essay aims todefine sustainable development as a mean to provide a greater understanding ofthis concept in terms of theory and how it relates to the research question. Then…The case study of Costa Rica is applied throughout the essay to conclude ifeconomic growth and ecological sustainability are in fact compatible. Sustainabledevelopment There have been a wide variety of definitions of sustainabledevelopment based on different interpretations regarding the relationshipbetween these three pillars.
Environmentalists, conservationists and ecologistsadapt a more ecological approach; economists and developmentalists adopt a moreeconomical approach; human right activists adopt a more social approach. The definitionthat remains the most commonly accepted is the one provided by the BrundtlandReport (1987, p.41), stating that “sustainable development is development thatmeets the needs of the present without promising the ability of futuregenerations to meet their own needs”. It claims that it must be defined interms of sustainability in both developed and developing countries, and that itrequires a progressive transformation of economy and society.
Constanza (1989)addresses the relationships between ecosystems and economic systems – betweeneconomic sustainability and ecological sustainability – calling it ecologicaleconomics. It suggests that these relationships are “the locus of many ofhumanity’s most pressing problems including sustainability, acid rain, globalwarming, species extinction and wealth contribution” (p.1). Further clarify this –why does the reader need to know this?