The United States, going into the 21st century, could be considered the world’s economic leader. It could have been unindubitable a lot around the 1980s when the stock market crashed; however, it has come a long way from those thirty years ago. Currently the United States is praised for its freedoms, and it is known to be one of the most popular countries to want to be visited. Our relatively open borders, which permit most foreign goods to come in with a zero or low toll or tax, have helped keep inflation in check. This has also allowed the Federal Reserve to let the good times roll without hiking up interest rates as quickly as it might have. There are some questions about whether or not we should allow free trade. Free trade is the only type of truly fair trade because it offers consumers the most choices and the best opportunities to improve their standard of living. Free trade promotes innovation because, along with goods and services, the flow of trade circulates new ideas. Also by supporting the rule of law, free trade also can reduce the opportunities for corruption. Overall, it seems to be a great benefit for the United States. The United States’ economic system is a mixed economy — also referred to as a “free enterprise system”. The government has a huge involvement in guiding the United States economy. As citizens have many freedoms, the market’s main force is the interaction of producers and consumers. Consumers, obviously, do look for the best prices they can get. Producers consider looking for the best price and profit for what they’re selling. The government wants to promote public safety with reasonable competition. In the United States most people are both consumers and producers, but that always is changing constantly. The consumers and producers are also people that vote — those votes help influence the decisions of government. In the past, consumers have made their concerns known, and the government has responded by creating agencies to protect consumer interests and promote general public welfare. Being that the United States changes in so many ways, the population and labor force have transitioned from farms to cities, from fields to factories, and overall to service industries. The producers of personal and public service out rules producers of agricultural and manufactured goods. There are many global economic challenges. Some very known challenges include conflict, poverty, and exclusion in the middle east. Today, young people aged 15-24 years old account for 22 percent of the region’s total population, the highest regional average worldwide. With the right mix of policies, this demographic opportunity could be tapped to spur economic growth and promote stability. The fight against global poverty has become a fight for global security. American policymakers, who traditionally have viewed security threats as involving bullets and bombs, are increasingly focused on the link between poverty and conflict. The United States military has a role in getting rid of suffering to prevent disorder from coming in to widen the conflict or crisis.