The debate over the value of homework has stormed on for over a century.
Over the past ten years, the homework standard has been a “10-minute rule” (Time 2016). In other words, experts recommend a daily maximum of 10 minutes of homework to increase per grade level. For most students, this rule seems absurd and abused.
Students often empathize with the argument that homework assignments are often random and can take unrealistic amounts of time to complete. Therefore, the value of homework has a detrimental effect on students because it is counterproductive on academic achievement, cause several health issues, and consumes time to socialize with friends and family. An excessive amount of homework can lower students short or long-term educational goals. A group of Australian researchers found numerous results of studies investigating the relationship between time spent on homework and students’ academic performance. Richard Walker, an educational psychologist at Sydney University, stated “Countries where more time is spent on homework, students score lower on a standardized test called the Program for International Student Assessment, or PISA” (). The research demonstrates that overloading children with hours of homework each night is detrimental. It is clear that there is an indirect relationship between test scores and the overload of homework. The more homework a student receives, the lower the scores on an exam.
In addition, similar findings showed the same representation between time spent on homework and academic achievement. According to Gerald LeTendre of Pennsylvania State University, he and his colleagues found “Assigning homework appeared to be a remedial strategy, and not an advancement strategy “(). This shows teachers often give students take-home assignments that are unhelpful busy work as a consequence of not covering topics in class or because of a poor quality educational settings. In other words, remedial homework tends to create lower test scores compared with children who are not given the work at all. Not to mention, the helpful advancement strategy assignments seem to demonstrate limited improvement as well.
Additionally, research shows too much homework can be counter-productive for students at all grade levels. Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology and director of Duke’s Program in Education, explained the “10-minute rule”, is a commonly accepted practice in which teachers add 10 minutes of homework as students advances to a grade. For example, a fifth-grader would be assigned fifty minutes of homework a night, while a high school twelfth-grader would be assigned two hours. “For upper high school students, after about two hours’ worth, more homework was not associated with higher achievement and eventually, kids burnout,” Cooper stated. Therefore, an ultimate decision is all kids should not be should overloaded with homework, an amount should be given according to their developmental level and home circumstances.Furthermore, an abundant amount of homework can cause several health issues on students’.
Denise Pope, a senior lecturer at the Stanford Graduate School of Education and co-author found that too much homework has negative effects on students’ well-being. For example, Pope found one main health issue produced by excessive homework amount is stress. According to Pope and her colleagues, the study showed a 56 percent of the student’s considered homework a primary source of stress while only less than 1 percent of the students said homework was not a stressor(). It is believable that for some students, school work is a main component of stress because their priorities are only focusing on academic achievement.
Most of the time, some children are expected to learn in complexity without allowing them time to work out their energy and digest what they have learned. As a result, this increased pressure is brought home and makes completing homework assignments a difficult task and stressful for children. Another major health issue caused by homework is sleep deprivation. According to Craig Canapari, director of the Yale Pediatric Sleep Center, suggest that the amount of homework which teenagers receive has stayed constant over time, not increased or lowered. He stated “I frequently see children and teenagers who have hours and hours of homework every night, an amount of homework that keeps children up late at night with regularity, especially given that getting enough sleep is critical for learning. No child should have to regularly decide between homework and sleep”(). This depicts a very common health issue and shows to be increasing due to too much homework on students. Not getting the necessary sleep will affect the child in the long run.
For instance, during the school day, their focus will not be in class because throughout the day they will fall asleep and all their energy will be gone by the end of a school day. Lastly, other health issues associated with too much homework are headaches, exhaustion, weight loss and stomach problems according to Pope (). No doubt, it is eye-opening to find that students are developing severe health issues because they do not find a balance in the abundance of homework they receive per night. It is inevitable to avoid such health issues, but the pressure should not be taken on.
Therefore, discussing with your children’s teachers ways to reduce the time it takes to complete homework could be a necessary factor to avoid such health problems.