The and safeguarding the individual within their own social

The literal meaning of
disability is “difficulty with ability”. Society deliberates that disability is operated on a variety of levels
and therefore anybody who in the end experiences difficulties could be considered
as a disabled person. Some forms of
mental or physical impairments can manifest impartial problems with mobility or
awareness. According to the Disability Discrimination Act 1995, disability
impairments are stressed to include sensory impairments such as hearing or
sight, mental impairments such as depression or learning difficulties and
physical impairments such as wheelchair users. The National Disability Authority has seen how disability is
defined and understood for how people with disabilities are being treated and
the extent for nature of service provided. It is reasoned that disability is a
relationship between people with impairments and the constraints imposed upon
them by society. 


The social model of disability is created by how society,
government and health agencies responds to deficiencies experienced by a
person, this model requires a political response since it is grounded towards society
and how people respond to those with a disability. In the late 1980s, disability
issues had developed an alternative model of service delivery that expresses
the principles of moving from a traditional model to a social model of disability.
A helical progression has also helped develop some ideas; primary role of the
ideas had become one of support and safeguarding the individual within
their own social network and communities. This proceeded as a facilitator to certify
that people are linked to and can participate within their own communities; creating
and developing new opportunities in the person’s own community because the
community is seen as a key resource where they can be associated with the
support of the community.

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Furthermore, the social model of disability has an influence on
how people are perceived by society and influence policy making. Disability
pressure groups have been shaped and have highlighted the need for a social
model of inclusion in policy development. The impact of social model can be
measured against the notion of quality that culturally, structurally and
bureaucratically is defined.


It is emphasized that disability is caused by isolated social measures,
which refute equality of opportunity for the impaired people to participate in a
mainstream social conduct. A given example is that of blaming the victim
in wider social and political environments is a prejudice against disabled
people. This could relatively manifest and commonplace in itself in a routine
of revulsion that is dismissive and illogical. In a charitable concern human
right and dignity are exchanged for support and good manners. Our cultures
present disabled people as either misfit or weak victims of personal tragedy
and are subject to abusive and offensive treatments. This reflects on different
responses towards disabilities, which are mainly negative in their way; norms
are geared towards the disabled people. It is a fact that anyone can
discriminate against anyone else; we can then accept that discrimination is not
only a sociological concept but also political and psychological phenomenon.
Discrimination and oppression are often found when seeing people with learning


Local polices are developed by the local authorities providing
positively caring support for disabled people. It is stressed that social work
within charities occupies a unique position in the welfare system in which
directly or indirectly are active by the state to implement its welfare


Disability is not the ‘fault’ of an individual disabled person,
or an inevitable consequence of their limitations. It is caused by the society
we live under the social model. Disability is perceived as the product of the
physical, organizational and attitudinal barriers present within society
conduct, which ultimately lead to discrimination. The prevention of
discrimination requires a change of political and social approaches and
thinking in the way in which society is organized. The barriers that prevent
any individual playing a part in society are the problem, not the individual. The
basic aim is to remove barriers so that disabled people can have the same
opportunity as everyone else to set their own life styles. Barriers still exist
in education, working environments and other amenities. The social model of
disability has fundamentally changed the way in which disability is regarded
and has had a major impact on anti-discriminatory legislation. However, some
disabled people and academics are involved in a re-evaluation of the social
model and they support that the time has come to move beyond this basic