TERRORISM state or in region, Terrorism in Pakistan. INTRODUCTION:

TERRORISM

OUTLINE:

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Ø  ABSTRACT

Ø  INTRODUCTION

Ø  HISTORY

Ø  TYPES OF TERRORISM

·        
Civil Disorder

·        
Political
Terrorism

·        
Non-Political
Terrorism

·        
Limited
Political terrorism

·        
Official or
State Terrorism

Ø  TERRORISM IN PARTICULAR RGION

·        
USA

·        
Russia

·        
India

Ø  TERRORISM IN PAKISTAN

·        
Causes

·        
War on
Terrorism

 

 

 

ABSTRACT:

                        Terrorism, Introduction of Terrorism, History of Terrorism, Types
of Terrorism, Terrorism in particular state or in region, Terrorism in
Pakistan.                    

INTRODUCTION:

                        The
use of  intentionally
indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror or fear to achieve
political, financial and ideological aim. It is used to refer to violence
against peacetime targets or in war against non-combatants. The term “Terror”
or “Terrorism” is came from  French
Revolution during 18th Century but gained popularity in U.S
Presidency of Ronald Regan (1981–89) after the 1983 Beirut barracks
bombings and again after the attacks on New York Washington, D.C in
September 2001 and on Bali in October 2002.

HISTORY:

 

                        The roots and practice of terrorism
can be traced at least to the 1st Century AD. In January 1858, Italian Patriot
Felice Orsini Threw three bombs in an attempt to assassinate French Emperor
Napoleon III. Eight bystanders were killed and 142 injured. The incident played
a vital role in inspiration of Terrorism and development of early terrorist
groups. Arguably the first terrorist group to utilize modern terrorist
techniques was the Irish Republican Brotherhood, founded in1858 as a
revolutionary Irish nationalist group that carried out attacks in England.
Another early terrorist group was NarodnayaVolya, founded in Russia in 1878 as
a revolutionary group by SergaiNechayev and “propaganda by the deed” theorist
Carlo Pisacane the group developed the idea of target killing of the “Leader of
oppression” that were become the hallmark of subsequent violence by small non
state group.Experts on terrorism refers to fourtypes of terrorism the
Anarchist, the Anti-Colonial, the New Left, and the Religious. The first 3 is
completed around 40 years, the fourth is now in its third decade.

TYPES OF TERRORISM:

                        Types of terrorism varies from
country, the political system and the time in history. Some common types of
terrorism are given  below:

·        
Civil disorder: The violence interfering with the peace,
security and political system.

·        
Political terrorism: Criminal behavior designed to generate fear in
community, or some segment of it, for political purposes.

·        
Non-Political terrorism: Terrorism that is not aimed to get any
political objective, it is just to create or maintain high degree of fear in
the community, but the end is individual or collective gain

·        
Limited Political Terrorism: Limited political terrorism refers
to the terrorism which are concentrated on ideological and political motives
which are not part of any campaign to capture or control state

·        
Official or state terrorism: The nations whose rules are strict
enough to create fear and oppression in people this type of nation comes under
official or state terrorism.

TERRORISM  IN PARTICULAR 
REGION:

Lets discuss about that issue. If we talk about that terrorism in
promoted by a particular state or any religion then it is wrong. There are
different states in the world supporting terrorism for their aims. The
terrorists are from different religions. A group of people is not only
terrorist but a state can be called a terrorist. That happens only when a state
supports terrorism. Lets discuss about different states that are promoting and
supporting terrorism for their different aims

USA:

             If we talk about
USA, it supports realism mean idea of power. In the view of the world USA is
showing their power and supporting ISIS behind the scenes in order to take over
the Iraq and Syria. They are supporting ISIS by weapons. Many states like
Turkey, Iran and Russia are claiming that USA is supporting ISIS.

             ISIS considers
and says themselves an Islamic organization but Islamic world refused to accept
them as Muslim community. Muslim world says terrorism is against the rules of
Islam so terrorist are not Muslims.

Russia:

             In 1979 when
Afghan war was held, USSR was defeated by a group mujahedeen supported by USA.
After that that group became a terrorist organization and known as Taliban’s.
Now they are spreading terrorism around the world.USA is claiming that Russia
is supporting Taliban’s for different purposes and currently against USA army
in Afghanistan.

India:

              In April 2017,
Pakistan released a video confession of a senior militant leader who said that
India is supporting multiple groups in Pakistan to spread terrorism. The
Pakistani military also showed the video of Taliban’s spokesperson known as the
EhsanullahEhsan  who admitted that they
received fund from India and did terrorist attack in Pakistan.

               Above
mentioned states are describing that terrorism does not belong to a particular
state or religion. They are different states having their different aims and
promoting terrorism in order to achieve their goals.

TERRORISM IN PAKISTAN:

                                    Terrorism
in Pakistan become major problem after the 9/11 attacks on Twin Towers (World
Trade Center) on 11 September 2001. The annual death toll rises in Pakistan due
to terrorism from 164 in 2003 to 3318 in 2009, with a 35,000 Pakistanis killed
excluding soldiers between 11 September 2001 and May 2011. According to the government of Pakistan,
the direct and indirect economic costs of terrorism from 2000–2010 total $68
billion.

·        
Causes:
Terrorism in Pakistan originated with supporting the Soviet War in
Afghanistan, it all started USA uses local militants in Afghanistan against
Soviet Union in Afghanistan. USA uses Pakistan to give weapons to militants in
Afghanistan. The conflict brought many militants groups in South Asian in the
name of jihad, after the war ends USA disavowed these militants groups these
militants group turned against USA. These militants group called AL-QAEDA, the
carried out major terrorism act on USA soil on WORLD TRADE CENTER. USA declares
the war against al-qaeda drags Pakistan into this by using numerous Air Bases
in Pakistan attack in Afghanistan this lead to numerous al-qaeda attacks in
Pakistan result in killing of  many
innocent Pakistanis.

 

 

·        
War on
Terrorism:

      The
post 9/11 war on terrorism in Pakistan started when Gen. Mushraf carried out
LAL MASJID operation, after that Pakistan army carried many operations in
pursuit of AL-QAEDA operatives in Waziristan and on the Afghan border. First
large scale operation was “Rah-e-Rast” to cleat Sawat from terrorist groups
this lead to many IDPS (Internally displaced Persons). Operations “Zarb-e-Azb”
is another joint military operation carried out by Pakistan Armed Forces
against various militants group,including
Tehrik-e-Taliban (TTP), Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, al-Qaeda, the East Turkestan Islamic
Movement (ETIM), the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and the Haqqani
Network.

CONCLUSION:

                        Terrorism is not started in this era or 20th century it
started from 1st century from French revolution. Terrorism always
used create terror in people or by some terrorist organization terrorism used
by different political purposes like Civil Disorder, and different types of
protests use against current government, Pakistan brought into terrorism by USA
just clear out militants group that they created to fight USSR in Afghanistan.
I also write above that Terrorism does not belong to particular region.