Task 2 The debate over abortions has been going on for years throughout america. Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removing the embryo during the early stages of a womens pregnancy. However, it is seen as a controversial procedure because many see it as murder or unfair to the child since you are taking away his/her life without them being able to experience life. People that are for abortions are on the Pro-Choice side. One interest group that is pro-choice is the NARAL pro-choice america interest group. The group was established in 1977, their mission is to fight for reproductive freedom in America.
The group has 1.2 million activist members that are supporting this organization. The fetus is incapable of feeling any pain and the biological development has not occured yet for the fetus to register pain. They believe that abortion is a women’s right because it is her body and she should be able to do what she wants with it.
This organization travels around the United States to inform citizens about the way abortions work and the reason that they are supporting the cause. They are also fighting federal and state court cases that are involved with abortions.If you are against abortions, then you would be considered part of the Pro-Life group. This side believes that it is unfair to the child and that it is not morally correct to take an unborn child’s life. One interest group that is fighting to make abortions illegal is the Susan B.
Anthony List. The organization was established in 1997 and has around 340,000 members today.This interest group has a mission to elect representatives that are part of the Pro-Life movement, educate about abortions and why they should not be legal and train pro-life advocates to run successful political campaigns. Many of the members of this organization are involved in some sort of political campaign and are strongly pushing to reduce the number of abortions in the United States. Before the 20th century, abortion was not seen as a controversial topic in the United States but something that was widely accepted. However ,many states only allowed abortions if it saved the women’s life. During the late 1800’s, the US government was concerned about “race suicide” and wanted a higher population of white US women to reproduce.
Many times the option to get a abortion was based on the women’s economical situation and race. Women that were poor and desperate would pay a low cost for an abortion, which was often performed by someone who wasn’t professionally trained to perform such. This would often result in death or infections. Some women often had no other option and would attempt to perform abortions themselves with coat hangers or inserting knitting needles into their vagina which would not be safe or sanitary.
In the 1960’s, women came together and organized a women’s liberation movement. Many women would speak out for the first time in history about their illegal abortion experiences. Medical professionals would risk imprisonment, fines and losing their medical license to help provide safe and cheaper abortions for women in need. In the late 1960’s The Clergy Consultation Service on Abortion a network of pastors set up referral services to help find women safer illegal. Feminist also started their own referral groups in chicago, over the course of four years, more than 11,000 first and second trimester abortions were performed safely. In the 1960’s abortions was hot topic in America.
It was seen as a very controversial topic because many women were getting unsafe or doing abortions themselves during this time. Many women started speaking up about their experiences which started women to start groups and help each with finding places to get safe abortions. The anti-war and civil rights movements influenced women to stand up for their rights. Women and some men would march down the streets and protest to make abortions safe and legal. Between 1967 to 1973, 14 states changed and for states repealed restrictive abortion laws. Some changes included women access abortion if the pregnancy was a result of rape or incest. In 1970, New York was the first state to legalize abortions, hawaii allowed abortions 20 weeks before but only to citizens of that state.
Washington D.C. also allowed abortions. Many women would flock to these states to get their abortions done and many times women that would travel to states that had legalized abortions would not be able to pay for the abortion.
On January 22, 1973 the United States Supreme Court decided during the Roe vs Wade case that a woman’s decision to terminate a pregnancy in the first trimester should be privacy under the 14th amendment. Today in California, the supreme court decided to hear out a anti-abortion group the National Institute of family and Life advocates is challenging the law that requires abortion centers to notify patients that the state offers abortions and contraception. This law is known as the Reproductive FACT act( AB NO.
775). It requires centers to state “California has public programs that provide immediate free or low-cost to comprehensive family planning services, including all FDA-approved methods of contraception, prenatal and abortion.” The reproductive fact act became a law in late October of 2015. The anti-abortion group believes that this law violates their freedom of speech and freedom of religion because it forces faith-based pregnancy centers to advertise the option for pregnancies even though they do not believe that abortion should be an option.