Shipping enteredupward phase, which touched its peak in 2008.

Shipping has been, is and will be one of the most important activitiesof man, since world prosperity depends primarily on itinternational and interregional trade. In fact, transportwas considered to be one of the four pillars of globalization, along with thetelecommunications, international standardization and liberalization of trade(Kumar and Hoffmann, 2002). This positive and exciting process is far from the situationcreated in many parts of the world where the economy has a lotroad until it reaches a level of prosperity for the inhabitantstheir. Surely the transition to the next phase of globalization will not beso smooth and without friction as her devotees imagined. But thosemaritime transport will also play an important role in the futuredevelopment of the world economy. Globalization has led shipping toa circular path difficult and risky. The big boom of decades1950 and 1960 reached the top in 1973 and followed a downsidea process that lasted until about 1990. Since 1997 shipping has enteredupward phase, which touched its peak in 2008. The shipping industrycircles are related to the process of globalization. ORuntenable evolution of globalization in transport ultimately costs ineconomy, but also to the people of shipping. We are in the processthe need to address the negative effects of uncontrolledglobalization in the operation of shipping, transport and, ultimately,Page 57/80Globalization and Shipping: Parallelism and Impactseconomy. Define this phase as Post-Globalization foreconomy (Chlomoudis, 2011). Its governance phase is definedglobalization with rules so that competition is not created externallycosts that will be charged to non-beneficiaries of the relevant financialactivity. But the transnational nature of shipping itself highlights itneed for any arrangements to evolve towards globalizationof any interventions. The constitution of maritime transport leads to onebusiness environment of supranational character, which, manytimes, it becomes more complex due to the increased need for information butand the need for convergence of different attitudes, attitudes andoperating conditions of the actors involved (Chlomoudis, 2011)