Ryan WangPeriod 8-9 In George Orwell’s dystopian novel 1984, Winston Smith is a low-level Party member in Oceania, where the Party controls everything, including Oceania’s history and language. The Party’s symbol and autocratic leader is a nondescript man named Big Brother. Winston begins a silent rebellion against Big Brother and the Party, as he writes his anti-Party views in his diary, an illegal act classified as thoughtcrime. Winston works in the Ministry of Truth, where he becomes fixated on two Party members: O’Brien, whom Winston believes is his ally and a member of the Brotherhood, a secret organization whose ultimate goal is to overthrow the Party, and a mysterious dark-haired girl whom Winston believes is his enemy and a member of the Thought Police. Orwell uses symbolism and theme to display the importance of relationships, the omniscience of the government, and the individuality of human beings. The author uses symbolism to show the importance of relationships. Throughout the novel, Orwell relates the glass paperweight to remembering the past as it represents the fragility of human relationships, particularly that of Winston and his lover Julia. The paperweight also represents Winston and Julia’s private sanctuary in Mr. Charrington’s home, which Winston visualizes as a different world. The author writes, “The paperweight was the room he was in, and the coral was Julia’s life and his own, fixed in a sort of eternity at the heart of the crystal” (P.147). The use of symbolism, expressed through the paperweight, represents the delicate relationship that Winston and Julia have, only for it to be literally smashed into pieces. Orwell uses symbolism to display the omniscience of the government. Throughout 1984, the author relates the telescreens to the tyrannical government in Oceania as the telescreens represent the constant monitoring of Oceania’s citizens by its government. Orwell writes, “The telescreen received and transmitted simultaneously… He Winston could be seen as well as heard… You had to live in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and, except in darkness, every movement scrutinized” (P.3). The telescreens symbolize how a totalitarian government may exploit technology for its own means, rather than for the benefit of its citizens. The author uses theme to show the individuality of human beings. Throughout the novel, the theme of the individual identity versus the collective identity is shown as the totalitarian government of Oceania attempts to eliminate independent thought from their citizens. Winston strives to keep his individual nature, rather than the collective nature that the Party wishes for him to adopt. Winston writes in his private diary, undertakes in a secret relationship, insists his views are correct, and engages in illegal behaviors known as ownlife. Orwell writes, “When once you were in the grip of the Party, what you felt or did not felt, what you did or refrained from doing, made literally no difference. Whatever happened you vanished, and neither you nor your actions were ever heard from again” (P.164). The use of theme, defined as individual versus collective identity, defines one tactic the Party uses to suppress its inhabitants and their beliefs. Through the use of elements such as symbolism and theme, Orwell shows the significance of relationships, the omniscience of the government, and the individuality of human beings. 1984 should be rated eight-out-of-ten paperweights. As the paperweight brings Winston into his own world, 1984 will trap the reader into their own reality. In the end, Winston succumbs to the Party’s tactics and relinquishes his morality and self-respect. Though the year 1984 may have passed, 1984 serves as a cautionary tale of what could lie ahead in the future.