Rosalind Franklin was a famous scientist and is most known for discovering the structure of DNA. Rosalind Franklin was born on July 25, 1920 and died on April 16, 1958. She was born in Notting Hill, London, United Kingdom. Rosalind’s full name is Rosalind Elsie Franklin. Rosalind’s field of study was physical chemistry. Franklin did her work at the University of Cambridge and Newnham College , Cambridge.
Her mentor there was Ronald Norrish, the winner of the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In 1942 she accepted a fellowship to the British Coal Utilisation Research Association. Rosalind Franklin once said, ” You look at science (or at least talk of it) as some part of demoralising invention of man, something apart from real life, and which must be everyday existence. But science and everyday life cannot and should not be separated. Science, for me, gives a partial explanation for life. In so far as it goes, it is based on fact, experience and experiment.” They named a university after her called the Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science.
Rosalind Franklin did a lot of research and discoveries that lead people to understand the identity structure of DNA molecules. Rosalind Franklin discovering DNA structure has benefited the world by helping doctors, scientists, and just everyday people. By discovering the structure, she has now made it easier to study about DNA. Rosalind has helped doctors and scientists . It was during her trip to the US in 1956 that she was diagnosed with ovarian cancer. She enjoyed travel and made several trips to the United States.
In 1955 she published her first paper on the Tobacco Mosaic Virus in Nature. She also pioneered work on the molecular structure of the tobacco mosaic virus and the polio virus. In 1958 she received a three-year grant from the U.S. National Institute of Health to continue her work on the polio virus. Her X-ray images of the DNA molecule were key to the double helix model of DNA discovered by James Watson and Francis Crick. In 1941 she graduated from Newnham College, Cambridge, where she studied the Natural Sciences Tripos.