Roediger adding something completely new and fresh to it.

Roediger     Blackface performances are white performers covering their faces with black to resemble black men.  These shows portrayed the lives of black men in a degradingly humorous way.  These shows gained traction during the 1800’s after the civil war and had a big following by the white working class.

  Roediger said that blackface performances express “the longings, fears, hopes and prejudices” that the working class wanted.  The Black face shows provided the stereotypes of life on plantations.  The actors really became consumed into their characters on stage that it was now part of their identity.

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  The shows were so popular because it provided an escape for the audience because the shows were full of humorous content.  This made the audience feel good about themselves because it portrayed the blacks in a worse light then themselves.  Minstrels stated that there performances were credible because they were students and friends of the African Americans.Roy Shuker’s     The essence of the issue that Roy Shuker brings attention to is how the meaning of popular music is produced.

  Questioning the meaning of rock merely couldn’t be disseminated in one pass because there are many factors at play, this being the producers, the texts, and or the audience.  This could be solved at most by the consideration and disposition of the production,  context, and the audience.  Mostly the importance are how all of these elements intermarry with one another.  The production of popular content tends to be mass manufactured and marketed to a naive audience that primarily has this content thrusted upon them thru the parameters of capitalism.  Establishing the status quo that fortifies the opiate of the masses consumerism.   Feld    Appropriation is the theme of this reading, Appropriation is the action of taking something for one’s own use, typically without the owner’s permission.

  Musically it is the use of borrowed elements aspects or techniques in the creation of a new piece.  Examples of Musical appropriation in this reading that Feld touched base on would be like what happened with the Rolling Stones.  Is no doubt that the Rolling Stones brought a lot of attention to Muddy Waters when they covered his song Mannish Boy.  They built upon his footprint of the original recording while adding something completely new and fresh to it.  They covered Muddy Waters Mannish Boy because they were fans of his and wanted to bring attention to the blues by infusing it with rock with a great song.  In later performances of Mannish Boy, Muddy Waters incorporated some of Mick Jagger’s vocalizations and some rock instrumentals. Malone     Southern folk music has no singular origin.  In fact it has influences and it roots from multiple places.

  The main influences are from the Africans and the Celtic music of the British isles.  They mixed in and influenced with other cultures that were inhabiting the south.  These included the Germans in central Texas and the Cajuns in Louisiana.  The religious music came from both southern African and white Americans; and was a big part of those communities.

  During Slavery slaves would learn music from the hymnbooks, and eventually after it they would be composing songs for songbooks also they did compose gospel music during slavery.  This led to both whites and blacks liking compositions by each other making these segregated races a little bit closer.  Davis    Davis explores many themes in “Used to Be Your Sweet Mama”, including sexual love, domestic violence, and travel as ubiquitous.  For Davis, the sexual imagery prominent in women’s blues was an expression of freedoms impossible during slavery.  Blues women articulated through song their individual emotional needs and desires.  Lyrics about violence against women abound in women’s blues.  In singing about the men who abused them, blues women made public statements of their private grievance.  These acts of public declaration are significant, for they boldly decried the male violence known so well by many black women and called upon the women, as Davis speculates, to develop.