This research paper aims
to provide a detailed insight about the theme terrace gardening. The data for
the present study was gathered through field researches and through
semi-structured interviews conducted on experts and professionals in the field
of gardening. Through this research paper one can understand as to how to start
a terrace garden, what all plants can be grown, the fund required to commence
and also the various tools and mechanisms behind the science of gardening would
be understood. Finally this research paper would further relate, how adopting
gardening as a hobby would affect one’s environment and how each individual can
help to contribute towards the nature through gardening.
I would like to thank Ms. Priyanka for her constant guidance,
supervision and the encouragement to complete this project and also I would
like to further thank “Anand Foundation” for giving me this wonderful
opportunity to conduct the research.
I would like to express my gratitude towards my parents for their kind
cooperation and support which helped me in the completion of this project.
I would like to express my special gratitude and thanks to nursery
persons and staff members for giving me their time and for sharing with me
their expert knowledge.
Chapter 1: Why do we need a terrace garden?
Chapter 2: Tour of Delhi’s nurseries.
Chapter 3: How to start terrace gardening?
Interviews of gardeners and related professionals
Chapter 4: How to look after the garden?
Interview of an expert
Chapter 5: Unexpected guests, birds and pests.
CHAPTER 1: WHY DO WE NEED A TERRACE GARDEN?
Today we live in
megacities. Cities that have turned themselves into concrete jungles.Yes,
jungles but without green vegetation. We always tend to make plans to escape
the hustle and bustle of the city as well as we try escape the crowdedness and
the pollution in which we live our day to day life. Well what if we make
something in our own houses which let us calm down and make us relax and also
connect us with the very pleasing nature.
Doing this is very simple and might just require only 30 minutes of our
lives daily. We all like the sight of lush green
plants, but in the cities of concrete built-up, greenery is fast becoming a
rare sight. Luckily, we can bring greenery in our home and make our urban
environment healthy and positive. Terrace is one of the best places to start a
small garden as it receives good amount of light every day, it has ample of
space and its undisturbed surroundings makes it the best place to grow plants.
What is a terrace garden? Teracce
garden simply is garden which is established on a terrace. More generally in a
rooftop where there is ample of gardening space. The concept of terrace
gardening is highly popular in urban areas as these places have restricted
spaces and terrace remains the sole place to grow plants. Terrace gardens are
usually planned and designed using containers or pots which are a lot easier to
manage and maintain. Building raised beds are also popular but can only be used
in vast spaces. There are two main types of plants grown at the terrace either
ornamental plants which are beautiful and pleasing to eyes or vegetable plants
which are used in the kitchen. Most of the gardeners create a garden having
both ornamental and vegetable plants.
A terrace garden if
planned and designed carefully right acts as an air purifier as it reduces dust
in the air, the plants at the terrace during summers absorbs radiation, cooling
down the house. Additionally, vegetables, fruits and even herbs can be grown at
the terrace minimising the stress on land. A garden at the terrace will also
attract many beautiful birds, butterflies and other insects which accompany the
plants and gives us an opportunity to have a wonderful landscape for
Terrace gardening or gardening in general has several benefits these can be
grouped into physical, psychological, health related and environmental related.
PHYSICAL: Gardening involves several tasks to be performed such as planting, weeding and digging and all these tasks are physical in nature i.e they
require to be performed manually by oneself. Thus gardening can be seen as an
exercise or a small work out. It is believed that a 45 minute of gardening
daily is equivalent to about burning over 300 calories.
gardening required bending, squatting, stretching, pushing, pulling and
walking. Thus all these activities act as exercises and we unknowingly improve
our physical self.
PSYCHOLOGICAL: Gardening is not only an exercise for the body but it is
also an excellent workout for our mind. Gardening proves to have traits of
relaxation therapies. Being in a green environment and breathing fresh air
calms our mind and replenishes body. It provides the mind with positivity,
optimism and a lots of creative ideas. Just being at terrace with green plants and flowers can boost our entire
mood and self esteem.
HEALTH: There is no better feeling than growing your own food and consuming
it. Gardening allows us to grow your own food be it vegetables or fruits. The
food we grow at our own garden is free from any kind of chemical, insecticide
or any growth enhancer, it is fresh and tasty and yes it’s healthy. In places
like India where the population is unchecked and I rowing at an unprecedented
rate it is hard to keep a balance between food production and growing population
therefore farming is done using chemicals which does help in increasing the yield
but its effect can be seen on our health. The water and soil used to grow
plants in some places are so contaminated that is believed that plants grown in
these places are cancerous in nature.
ENVIRONMENTAL: There are endless ways in which we can contribute towards
our mother through gardening. Growing plants alone gives the nature a chance to
smile. These plats attract several insects such as bees and butterflies which
are joy to watch. Also green plants prove to be the best air purifiers they not
help in reducing pollution but also enriches the environment with oxygen and
Also through gardening we stand a chance to manage the growing waste generated
daily at our houses as we can easily convert all out biodegradable waste into
compost and can feed our plants with it.
CHAPTER 2: TOUR OF DELHI’S NURSERIES
A plant nursery is a place where any kinds of plants are grown for the sake
of being moved or transplanted later. It can occupy a field of garden, greenhouse,
or other form of growing space. A plant nursery is designed for the propagation
and care of young plants. A plant nursery contains at least one greenhouse, which helps to keep plants safe
from frost or excessive heat. It may also include complex watering systems to
cut down on the labour of workers. Shops that sell plants are sometimes
confused with a nursery regardless of whether they grow their own plants or
purchase them from other nurseries. A nursery may sell plants at retail value
to the general public, or sell wholesale to other nurseries.
This report project would feature a tour guide to 4 of south delhi’s nurseries
which were pre decided. These nurseries are both public and privately owned
nurseries. A detailed information about each nursery would be showcased. Also
interviews of several gardeners working in these nurseries alongside the owners
would be taken in order extract their opinions and suggestion on terrace
gardening. Interviews conducted would purely be on one to one basis and would
be voluntarily executed. A set of questions would be prepared in the form of a
DETAILS OF THE NURSERIES VISITED
DDA SAPNA NURSERY
Block E, East of Kailash, New Delhi,
GOVERNMENT SUNDER NURSERY
CPWD, Hazrat Nizamuddin, New Delhi,
Subramaniam Bharti Marg, Pandara
Road, New Delhi, Delhi 110003
Ekasur Vithi Rd, Block W, Greater
Kailash I, Greater Kailash, New Delhi, Delhi 110048
MAP SHOWING THE
NURSERIES TRAVELLED IN SOUTH DELHI
Sapna nursery is a centrally located nursery in south Delhi. It is
surrounded by high class localities such as East of Kailash, Greater Kailash 1
and Lajpat Nagar. The nursery is a medium sized nursery and is about 50 years
old. It is the largest nursery in Lajpat nagar. The nursery has about 50
varieties of plant species which at the moment which it receives from a tender.
The Sapna nursery is managed by Delhi Development Authority(DDA) and has about
15-20 staff members. The nursery offers flexible timings to visit and has
some really good varieties of outdoor plants which are pocket friendly. The
nursery though does not offer any kind of door step delivery so one has to
arrange pickup for the plants or any other stuff purchased from the nursery.
Also the nursery has very little to offer apart from the selected plants that
SAPNA NURSERY’S OUTER SECTION
Sapna nursery receives all of its plants from a tender therefore it is
limited only to seasonal plants which are delivered by the tender. This nursery
is good for someone who has just started gardening and needs basic information,
assistance, supplies and plants. The rate of the plants are subsidised
therefore very reasonable. One could easily get a well grown plant with 15 inch
pot for about 80 rupees.
One can easily drive in with their car inside the nursery and can then have
look around the nursery.
TYPES OF OUTDOOR PLANTS AT THE NURSERY
Sapna nursery even offer tropical plants which they grow and maintain
inside a big green house. Also the nursery sell a variety flowers during the
season of spring or fall of winters. Roses,Dog flowers, Dahlias, Guldavari are
some of the winter flowers maintained at the nursery.
Sapna nursery has also a rich collection of bonsai trees which are as old as
couple of years and neatly grafted. They are expensive ranging from 1000 to
GREENHOUSE FOR TROPICAL PLANTS
VARIETIES OF PALM AT SAPNA NURSERY
Sapna nursery is a nursery where one can drive on a weekend and explore and
appreciate the diversity that nature has to offer. On an average a person can
easily spend about 20-30 minutes walking through the nursery and about 500
rupees for 5 plants(with pots). Though this nursery is not meant for those
looking for wide range of plants and related utilities because of very little
variety of plants and gardening equipment found at this nursery.
The next on my list of nurseries was Nizamuddin’s Sunder nursery,
it is among the biggest plant nurseries in Asia. This nursery at any day has
over 200 species of plants ranging from bonsai to even vegetables plant which
are sold as paneeri. The Sunder nursery
unlike any other nursery in Delhi is managed by Central Public Works Department
which is directly under the Government of India.
The complex of sunder nursery is Spread across 70
acres and situated adjacent to Humayun’s Tomb, Sunder Nursery was formerly
known as Azim Bagh and was known to have graves of Sufi ascetics. Now it is
left with nine Mughal-era tombs.
Sunder nursery contains 9 heritage points, including ASI-protected Sunderwala
Burj, Sunderwala Mahal and Lakkar Wala Burj. During the
British rule, nursery was established to grow experimental plants, which gave
it its current name, though much of the original garden was thus lost.
SUNDERWALA BURJ AT THE SUNDER NURSERY
One of the most exceptional fact about the sunder
nursery is that one who visits this nursery gets to see nature into its zeal.
As not many people visit it, the crowd goes to Humayun’s Tomb, across the road.
So, the garden, a landscape of potted plants, flowers, shrubs, and trees,
remains quiet throughout the day. The silence is punctuated by bird songs, and
occasionally by the laughter of gardeners and their families. It is a marvel
that such a calming place is allowed to exist in our noisy city.
MAP OF SUNDER NURSERY
ITEMS FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT SUNDER NURSERY
NAME OF THE ITEM
Neem oil cake
Cow dung manure
Government Sunder nursery is a hub for all kind of
plants and trees. Everything in the plant world is available at this nursery
and again the prices are highly subsidised therefore everything here is cheap
and pocket friendly. About 100-120 workers and labourers work at the Sunder
complex. These people are skilfull gardeners and construction workers. Visits
from high end horticulturists and botanists are common in this nursery.
PLANTS ON DISPLAY
(Aglaonema on left and aloe vera on right)
TREES ON DISPLAY
Sunder nursery should be on every garden lover’s list. The nursery has a lot to
offer and also tons of information for someone to gather in the field of
gardening. Also the nursery has many monuments and historic location which one
can explore. Sunder nursery also proves to be place of interest for several
bird watchers. Many exotic species of birds and even several migratory birds
flew here seasonally. So it’s not bad to carry a camera and binoculars when
visiting the nursery. At last the most important thing if someone has to buy
essentials for his/her terrace garden, sunder nursery is the place. The complex
offers over 200 plant species to choose from ranging shrubs, creepers, Bougainvillea,
vegetables etc, and all that in reasonable prices.
Nursery is a private nursery and the nursery complex is located in
khan market near Pandara road. The nursery is in close proximity to the
sunder nursery and surprisingly gives it a tough competition. Masjid Nursery
was founded by Mr. Munni Lal Saini in the month of April 1948 it had a modest
beginning by growing and selling cut flowers to a handful of embassies and
hotels. He did not have any degree in the field of business management but he
had a vision of establishing a chain of nursery/flower shops in Delhi. It is
only because of his foresightedness , apart from having Masjid Nursery he also
opened a flower shop in Ashoka hotel, second one in Claridges hotel and Kamal
Nursery at Sujan Singh park, Khan market. It houses all types of indoor plants
outdoor trees, shrubs and bushes including all type of seeds, seedlings, and
potted seasonal flowers and vegetables with all garden tools and implements
making it the first nursery in the country to have a complete garden centre. It
provides to its customers all there horticultural requirements under one roof.
SELLING PLANTS AT THE NURSERY
KEPT FOR SALE
nursery is relatively small complex than the other two nurseries visited but
probably has the most number of plant species. As the nursery is controlled by
private players capital investment in the nursery is far more greater. Expert
horticulturalist and cooperative staff is present at the nursery.
Though the nursery at any sense in not very please to the pocket as the rates
here are very high compared to the government nurseries. The rates are not
subsidised. But again the quality and variety of plants present here is at par
with any other high end nursery.
MONEY PANT IS A TRADEMARK PLANT AT THE NURSERY
LAWNS AT THE NURSERY COMPLEX
Masjid nursery is beautiful nursery, it is one of
the most rich nurseries in Delhi and have a vast variety of plants and trees.
The nursery is easily accessible and is highly maintained by experts. Though
the prices in this nursery is comparatively high but again the quality of
plants this nursery provides makes it worth the money spent. The nursery also
has full fledged website of same name where one can order plants at their door
steps. But again having the plants delivered makes the cost even higher. Masjid
nursery is a fantastic nursery for anyone who is looking for flowers and
shrubs. Their trade mark product is their money plant which is beautifully
grown and it is the been the best I have seen so far. Apart from plants the
nursery also provides seeds and tool for gardening. Masjid nursery is a high
end nursery and should be visited by anyone who loves gardening.
The last nursery visited
for this project was the Exotic Green Nursery in Greater Kailash 1. Exotic
green nursery is an extraordinary nursery hidden in hustles and bustles of its
surrounding. As its name suggests the exotic green nursery deals exotic plants
such as Tropical Bonsai, Indian Bonsai, Cactus, air purifying plants,
ornamental plants etc.
Exotic nursery is an excellent constructed and a well managed nursery. The
nursery appear to be a plant shop but hidden inside is fully maintained
greenhouse nursery where several outdoor plants are exhibited.
BONSAI TREES ON
Exotic green nursery mainly deal in ornamental
plants which are used for the purpose of decor. Thus most of the plants sold
here are flowers and decorative plants which are grafted professionally. The
nursery came into existence in 2010 and redefined Green Gifting. The concept
was introduced to replace the bouquets and other items as a gift with plants as
a tribute to the Environment.
BONSAI COSTS MORE THAN TEN THOUSAND INR
At exotic nursery all the plants are sold in
ceramic pots which are beautiful in appearance.
POTS ON SALE
Exotic nursery is a very well maintained nursery.
Though this nursery is not for someone who has just started gardening but
it is an exceptional nursery for intermediate gardeners. The prices are quite
high but the product you get from this nursery is worth every penny. This
nursery maintains a website for orders which are placed online and then
delivered at customers doorsteps. The best thing about this nursery by far is
that even after purchasing a plant from this nursery the staff at the nursery
helps the customers to maintain the plant and answer the queries of the
customers and help them grow better and healthy plants.