Proponents unique individuals because it is too fixated. For

Proponents of standardized tests arguethat it is the most efficient way to measure students’ performance and teachers’effectiveness.

They assert that standardized test is accountable, analytical,structured, and objective. One of the greatest benefitsof standardized test is that teachers, schools, and people who are related toeducation system are responsible for teachingstudents what they are required to know for these standardized tests. This is mostly because students’ scores remain as publicrecord and it can be used as mean to compare teachers’ and schools’ effectiveness.In a similar context, standardized test allows testdata from New York to be compared to scores in Los Angeles and, the most oftime, it is developed by academic experts so each question undergoes an intenseprocess to ensure its validity.

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There are the most appealling reasonsthat many states have adopted standardized test. Inaddition, establishing standards or an instructional framework is necessary in order to follow the standardized test.Thus, it may help teachers to deliver large amount of information in arelatively short period of time. Lastly, standardized test is objective since thereis little chance that bias would affect the scoring (Meador, 2017). However,just as coins have both sides, there are also disadvantages of standardized test.Opponents of standardized testing contend that it is inflexible, a waste oftime, impossible to measure real progress, stressful, and political (Meador, 2017).

They assert that a one-size-fits-all approach cannot assess unique individualsbecause it is too fixated. For example, an outstanding student may not performwell on the standardized test because he/she is not use to the format. Moreover,standardized tests prevent both students and teachers from being creative sincestandardized test force them to spend time on material thatwill appear on the test. Although learning is an ongoing processand the process is as important as the outcome, standardized tests tend tofocus only on students’ outcome rather than students’ progress and proficiencyover time. In other words, standardized test don’t provide any informationabout how much the student has gotten better.

At last, theatmosphere of the classroom is influenced not only by students but also byteacher. So, if teacher is stressed,it may affect the quality of the lecture. However, teachersand students alike feel test stress. For educators, poor student performancemay result in a loss of funding and teachers being fired. (Meador, 2017).I don’t believe that “high-stakes”tests are helpful to society overall because it may undermine the value of education.

The purpose of education should be considered first. Many people may not agree,but I support John Dewey’s saying that “Education is not preparation for life,education is life itself.” Though, education is not means but a purpose itself,many people treat education as a means of getting things like diplomas, passingtest, college acceptance, salary increase, and so on. Sometime high-stakes testconfuses the reason for being educated. Occasionally, students are not studyingto learn but either to pass the exam or to gain good grade on exam. In short,high-stakes tests can cause goal displacement of education.

  There are many benefits of higher educationon later life. One of the main advantages of higher education in later life is ‘Highersalary’. Individual earning is strongly related to educational attainment. For example,people whohave completed high school earn more than those who have not; people with abachelor’s degree earn more thanthose with only a high school diploma; and those with a graduate education earnmore than those with only an undergraduate education (Hill, Hoffman, & Rex,2005). Consequently, people with higher income are more likely to purchase healthyfood, have time to exercise, have less stress, and pay for health services andtransportation.

On the other hand, individuals with less education have more likelyto suffer from the job insecurity, low wages,and lack of assets, which can lead to poor nutrition, unstable housing, andunmet medical needs. Furthermore, higher education builds skills and foster traits that areimportant throughout life and may be important to health, such asconscientiousness, perseverance, a sense of personal control, flexibility, thecapacity for negotiation, and the ability to form relationships and establishsocial networks. These skills can help with a variety of life’s challenges.