Poverty is a shared social issue that has troubled the worldfor many years.
It can be seen in the poorest community in a city or throughoutan entire country. Although some would think that poverty is in the hands ofindividuals, we must look at the big picture and see there are plenty of peoplewho are struggling where it’s out of their control. Solutions are feasible and povertycan end if we work together worldwide.
One of the main reasons why poverty still exists today is dueto the lack of education. 759 million adults are illiterate in today’s world.1 These adults lack skillsthey should’ve learned through schooling. They are at a disadvantage when incomes to jobs as they cannot compete with others. This leaves them in poorliving conditions where they don’t know how to improve them. Alack of education becomes the cause of one generation’s poverty and will cycleon throughout the generations to come. Children are also affected by alack of education.
More than 72million children of school age are not in school.2 This ismainly due to inequality and marginalization. Many children do not have accessto a basic education because of inequalities such as their sex, health, andcultural identity. There are also children who end up dropping out from schoolsand abandoning their education in order to work and support their family. Withouteducation, children are deprived from intellectual growth and socialization. Italso damages their mental, physical, emotional and spiritual development. Althoughwe can say education is free in most countries, there are plenty who barelyhave an education system in place. There are many people who are mainlychildren that want to learn and become educated but simply cannot and that’ssomething the world should work together on.
Another reason why poverty exists is due to inequalities.Women and children are found at the bottom of an already bad situation. Malesdominate in societies of developing countries as they are the ones making themoney.
Although women work just as hard but at home doing house work andwatching the children, they don’t get the rights they deserve. This inequalityalso carries over to children. Many cultures have traditions where boys getspecial privileges and treatment. Girls are destined to work at home, whileboys get to receive an education. Girls are sometimes pulled out of school toearn money while their brother remains in school.
These girls desperately wantto better themselves through education and could make a true difference in theworld, but are shoved aside. Although many developing countries are reducinginequality between girls and boys in education, a lot of effort is still needed. Lastly, poverty exists due to the lack of resources. One ofthese resources is water. Currently, 29 percent of the global population don’thave access to clean or enough water.3 This isdue to things like climate change, contaminated watersources, irrigation and cholera, typhoid and other diseases in water. Anotherresource people lack is food. Over 800 million people go to sleep at night on anempty stomach.
4Without proper nutrition, many people cannot live a healthy and active life.This is especially concerning considering we have advance technology to supplysafe water and have enough food to adequately feed everyone in the world. Finally,and one of the most important is that people cannot afford vaccines. Preventablediseases like diarrhea and pneumonia take the lives of 2 million children ayear who cannot afford proper treatment.5Unnecessary deaths are occurring to innocent children who don’t know anybetter. Eventhough there have been economic incentives that have helped contributeresources to those in poverty, it isn’t at a big enough scale. Althoughthis isn’t a complete list of how poverty is in such a poor state, it showsthat work needs to be done.
This work cannot be done by one individual but theworks of a whole. When governments and the international community work toward acommon goal, greatness can be achieved. Poverty is easily preventable if we break the cycle. We must target thelack of education, the lack of resources, and the inequality gap, in order for povertyto be one step closer to full eradication. If I were the government inpower, I would first help out the poverty in Canada.
According to UNICEF’sReport Card 13, Canada is one of the wealthiestcountries in the world but also one with the most unequal societies forchildren and youth, ranking 26th of 35 nations.6 Iwould make poverty especially children living in poverty, more announced in thepublic eye. These children will become the future and if they cannot get a goodstart now, our future is dimmed. I would also make an official definition ofpoverty that the rest of Canada must follow. This definition should be pairedwith minimum measures that all provinces and territories should follow.
I wouldlastly want to help focus on helping other countries to form an educationsystem. Education is the backbone to having a developed society. We need tobring a standard to all countries worldwide to give everyone and equally fairshot to a successful job and family. Althoughthere are some people who can help themselves out of poverty, the majority ofpeople in poverty cannot. We must brush past our differences with those whoseem capable enough to function in society and helps those who cannot say thesame.