Parliament become acts of parliament, the legislation thus having

Parliament is the highest legislative, judicial and
executive authority in Britain, consisting of the House of Commons, which
exercises effective power and the House of Lords. The House of Commons has six
main functions that they must carry out. There are six
main functions; Legislative, Deliberative, Scrutiny, Recruitment,
Legitimation and Representation. The legislature is a deliberative
body of persons, usually elective, who are empowered to make, change, or repeal
the laws of a country or state; the branch of government having the power to make laws, as distinguished
from the executive and judicial branches of government.                   The House of Commons must fulfil its legislative
function. This is the means by with parliament passes
the government’s legislation. Parliament is almost the only
source of legislation. When a party wins the general election, a government
is formed consisting of various parties. This government then
makes laws that become acts of parliament, the legislation thus having
been passed by parliament. Most bills that are passed
by parliament are government bills, however, some bills that are
passed through parliament are private members bills, for example, the abolition
of hanging in 1967 by Sydney Silverman. Unfortunately, bills through parliament
can take a lot of time to become legislation. This is because there are
many stages which the bill must go through which includes the House of Lords
stage by which the bill may be rejected or amended (this may only occur three
times). The final stage in the Royal Ascent is the process by
which the queen signs the bill by convention. The Act of Parliament has
now gone into the statute book and must now be obeyed by all citizens
of the UK.  Private Bills are introduced by individual private
members of the House or backbenchers. These can be done by ballot or by the ten-minute
rule. These normally
only affect certain private interests and can be introduced by MPs,
usually on behalf of a company. These are not usually
matters of public policy but are usually for matters such as road building. Private
bills are commonly promoted by organisations such as local authorities or
private companies. These types of bills usually only apply to specific groups or
individuals rather than the general public. However private
bills, are more advantageous when there are specific parties involved.  An
individual can initiate a court action to protect rights imparted by private
bills, which is not necessarily possible with public laws. Private laws have
their place in providing individuals with the ability to protect their
statutory rights, but the same protection is not extended to public laws. Most bills are
unsuccessful due to a lack of time, lack of Member interest and turnout and
government bills taking precedence. Delegated legislation, also
called secondary legislation, is law made by a person or group of people that
are given executive authority by the primary legislation. It is law made
without being heard or voted upon by the general population. This type of law
exists in the United Kingdom and Australia, and there are advantages and
disadvantages to this form of legislation. Delegated legislation saves a lot of
time in Parliament because it gives the members a chance to create rapid change
to small items. Sometimes only minor changes need to be changed to existing
legislation, such as further clarification or fixing a typo, and delegated
legislation makes minor changes simple. Delegated legislation makes
passing a new and necessary law more quickly than traditional methods. In some
cases, Parliament will not have the time to accurately develop of piece of
legislation, and a quick creation and implementation is required for the safety
of a nation. For example, The Prevention of Terrorism Act was created as a
delegation legislation in the U.K. and this law made it possible to add new
prohibited groups to the Terrorism Act. Delegated legislation also has
disadvantages. It implies that Parliament does not have enough time to properly
review and scrutinise a new piece of legislation and is only approving things
to move on with their workload. The sheer volume of delegated legislation is
also a concern because laws can get passed without anyone paying much close
attention. There is a huge lack of publicity with all delegated
legislation. Citizens are simply not told new laws, to the point where some
lawyers are not aware of the new laws either. This goes back to the volume of
delegated legislation that passes the desks of civil servants and other
unelected officials. The approval of delegated legislation often falls on
the desk of unelected civil servants that are appointed by people involved with
primary legislation in Parliament. Parliament members give unelected civil
servants a great amount of power to pass laws on their behalf, and they do not
need to disclose all the details of delegated legislation. 
There are clear advantages, such as saving time, and disadvantages, such as
legality and potential abuse of the delegated legislative system. Members of
the British Parliament argue that it is a necessary evil to have delegated
legislation in order to keep Parliament moving and solving the most pressing
problems. Hybrid bills may be introduced by the Government or
by a backbencher. These bills are introduced only rarely, the last occasion
being the Crossrail Bill introduced in 2004.The changes to the law proposed by a Hybrid Bill would affect the general public but would also have a
significant impact for specific individuals or groups. The Bill passed concerning the
construction of the Channel Tunnel was an example of a Hybrid Bill. Hybrid bills often
propose works of national importance but in a specific area of the UK. The
Public Bill office decide whether a Bill falls into the Hybrid category. Both
the Commons and the Lords debate these bills and they go through a longer parliamentary
process than public bills. The procedures followed in
Parliament in considering hybrid bills incorporate aspects of both public bill
and private bill procedures. Promoters of hybrid bills do not need to prove the
need for their bill (promoters of private bills do).  Between a hybrid
bill’s introduction and Second Reading, time is provided for members of the
public to comment on the environmental statement published with the Bill. 
Following Second Reading, hybrid bills are committed to a select committee to
allow those affected by the Bill to petition against aspects of the Bill to
which they object.  After the select committee has reported, a hybrid bill
is considered in Public Bill Committee, on Report and debated at Third Reading,
like a public bill.  The same stages, including petitioning, are then
repeated in the House of Lords.  Due to the large amount of time it takes to pass bills the House of
Commons does not fulfil its legislative function effectively. As
well as this, the leading party will always have the majority in
parliament, meaning it will almost always be able to push through its legislation,
except for our current situation where the Conservative Party is in coalition
with the DUP, meaning that there is sometimes conflict in agreeing on
legislation. Therefore, bills which are passed  are not necessarily good pieces of legislation.