P4- The two theoriesof aging are the activity theory and the disengagement theory. Theactivity theoryThis is one of threemain theories to ageing. The activity theory outlines how someone developsthrough later adulthood.
This is the theory that the elderly need to beinvolved in many activities for them to avoid becoming disengaged and tomaintain social connections with other people their age. Bromley argued thatthe elderly must not only be given these facilities to remain active, but theymust also be educated in the best way for them to use the facilities giventheir individual mental and psychological needs currently. Bromley also arguedthat it is vital that individuals remained physically and mentally active to avoiddisengagement and to ensure they will remain to enjoy other socialinteractions. He also said that when someone does not fall within the activitytheory then they loss mental and physical capabilities. (BTEC_Level_3_National_Health_and_Social_Care_Stude.
.._—-_(Pg_184–193).pdf)The activity theoryof aging is the ‘normal’ theory of aging, as this is the theory in which mostpeople follow into later adulthood. There is a correlation between how social active someone is and how theyfeel emotionally as well as their feeling of self-worth and self-esteem.(https://www.youtube.
com/watch?v=CuM2ZI66cxE)Once someone startsto decrease their social activity usually soon after a large life experiencefor example the passing of their life long partners can lead to someonebecoming self-isolated, and leads to depression as they will self-isolatethemselves they will have nobody to vent their emotions to and will have nobodyto talk to and help them get over this.(https://study.com/academy/lesson/activity-or-implicit-theory-of-aging.
html)In my placement therewas many clients that would be applicable to this activity theory. For thispurpose of this assignment and to abide by confidentiality and data protectionI will refer to the client as Client A. Client A would very much fall intoactivity theory.
They engaged in most of the activities and crafts that theyfound increasingly fun. They loved to play bat and balloon and they even stoodup to play it and get into the swing of the game. Disengagement theoryThe disengagementtheory is a theory which is proven when someone becomes socially disengagedfrom social interactions and social activities. The disengagement theory was first created by two authors called Cummingand Henry in 1961, they argued that as we enter later adulthood we begin tonaturally drift away from social interactions due to the inability eitherphysically or mentally or possibly both.
(https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/seregionalebooks/reader.action?docID=4191375&ppg=1)The disengagementtheory was the first scientific theory of growing old and what happens to ussocially, psychologically and physically as well as intellectually. (https://www.
thoughtco.com/disengagement-theory-3026258)In my placement therewere many clients that would fall into this theory, although there was onespecific client that stood out. For this assignment and to abide byconfidentiality and data protection regulations I will refer to this client as ClientB. I believe that Client B would fall under the disengagement theory as they didn’tnot communicate and socialise well with other clients, they didn’t want to playany of the games or do any of the craft activities. They also didn’t drink oreat much at their morning teatime. BibliographyActivitytheory(BTEC_Level_3_National_Health_and_Social_Care_Stude…_—-_(Pg_184–193).pdf)(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CuM2ZI66cxE)(https://study.com/academy/lesson/activity-or-implicit-theory-of-aging.html)Disengagementtheory(https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/seregionalebooks/reader.action?docID=4191375=1)(https://www.thoughtco.com/disengagement-theory-3026258)(https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1213846)