P4- Bromley also argued that it is vital that

P4- The two theories
of aging are the activity theory and the disengagement theory.

activity theory

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This is one of three
main theories to ageing. The activity theory outlines how someone develops
through later adulthood. This is the theory that the elderly need to be
involved in many activities for them to avoid becoming disengaged and to
maintain social connections with other people their age. Bromley argued that
the elderly must not only be given these facilities to remain active, but they
must also be educated in the best way for them to use the facilities given
their individual mental and psychological needs currently. Bromley also argued
that it is vital that individuals remained physically and mentally active to avoid
disengagement and to ensure they will remain to enjoy other social
interactions. He also said that when someone does not fall within the activity
theory then they loss mental and physical capabilities.


The activity theory
of aging is the ‘normal’ theory of aging, as this is the theory in which most
people follow into later adulthood. 
There is a correlation between how social active someone is and how they
feel emotionally as well as their feeling of self-worth and self-esteem.


Once someone starts
to decrease their social activity usually soon after a large life experience
for example the passing of their life long partners can lead to someone
becoming self-isolated, and leads to depression as they will self-isolate
themselves they will have nobody to vent their emotions to and will have nobody
to talk to and help them get over this.


In my placement there
was many clients that would be applicable to this activity theory. For this
purpose of this assignment and to abide by confidentiality and data protection
I will refer to the client as Client A. Client A would very much fall into
activity theory. They engaged in most of the activities and crafts that they
found increasingly fun. They loved to play bat and balloon and they even stood
up to play it and get into the swing of the game.


Disengagement theory

The disengagement
theory is a theory which is proven when someone becomes socially disengaged
from social interactions and social activities. 
The disengagement theory was first created by two authors called Cumming
and Henry in 1961, they argued that as we enter later adulthood we begin to
naturally drift away from social interactions due to the inability either
physically or mentally or possibly both.


The disengagement
theory was the first scientific theory of growing old and what happens to us
socially, psychologically and physically as well as intellectually.


In my placement there
were many clients that would fall into this theory, although there was one
specific client that stood out. For this assignment and to abide by
confidentiality and data protection regulations I will refer to this client as Client
B. I believe that Client B would fall under the disengagement theory as they didn’t
not communicate and socialise well with other clients, they didn’t want to play
any of the games or do any of the craft activities. They also didn’t drink or
eat much at their morning teatime.