One cause alone cannot be attributed to the demise of the Ancient Roman Empire. Instead, it was the result of the decrease in population, loss of land, and deception. One of the things that played a significant role in speeding, however, was the expansion of its empire. At its peak under Emperor Augustus, the entire population of the Roman empire was in estimate about 50 to 90 million. As a result of the large population, it made it difficult for emperors to control their empire, which in turn created disunity among it. Disunity and unsteadiness weakened the Roman military and left them defenseless against invaders.
Second, expansion of the empire destabilized the government and its currency. The empire needed to be funded so in an attempt to provide the required income Emperors made coins with less valuable metal. Still, the resulting inflation made it difficult for armies and officers to maintain the cost of the necessary supplies, leaving them vulnerable. Instability in the government also resulted from driven men that competed for the emperorship causing wars, turmoil, and disputes. Civil wars used the available military assets needed to defend from an outside assault.
Another minor reason was what might be viewed as moral defilement. The Romans put time and money in Gladiatorial battles and, “Emperors like Caligula and Nero became infamous for wasting money on lavish parties where guests drank and ate until they became sick.” Fall of the Roman Empire. Retrieved from https://www.rome.info/history/empire/fall/.
Another factor was the loss of several strategic positions. For example, when Rome lost several of its territories in northern Africa in 439 AD, and that left its coast along the Mediterranean Sea vulnerable. Additionally, The Western Empire lost some of its wealthy lands to the Eastern Empire when they split 286 CE.
The main reason for the fall of Rome was its size, which made it difficult for Emperors to control. The empire turned out to be too big to protect, finance and manage. Rome’s territory was too big to defend because its outskirts reached out more than four thousand five hundred miles. The suburbs had turned out to be too broad for the military to control incoming assaults. Rulers attempted to fund-raise by expanding charges, however, without the cash produced by conquest, they were unable to renew the empire’s treasury. Third, with an area extending from northern Europe to the Middle East, one man alone couldn’t oversee the whole Roman Empire. Pronouncements and laws were sent to the governors of an area, but the emperor couldn’t ensure that they were followed after. This extended the disunity in the domain amongst individuals and the legislature in Rome. The large size of the Roman Empire kept rulers from financing, protecting and managing the empire, making the shortcomings that enabled roaming clans to attack.
Because of the vast size of Rome, the Eastern and Western Empires became disunified and so did individuals of diverse religions. Emperor Diocletian disunified the empire even more between the Eastern and Western realms when he split the both of them in 286 CE. Wasson, D. “Diocletian.” (2014). Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Diocletian/. This split left the Western half defenseless and powerless, making it impossible to guard itself. The split also caused instability in the western half since it never again had the financial and military help of the eastern portion of the Roman Empire. Trade between the halves also ceased. The split of the domain left the Western Empire powerless and vulnerable to trespassers. Correspondingly, there was a struggle between the two halves of the realm. Not just because the western realm had a Latin impact and the eastern half had a Greek impact, implying that they bit by bit created diverse behavior, interests, and religions, yet additionally due to the two distinct rulers in control. The conflict between two rulers was most evident among the children of Theodosius I, Arcadius and Honorius, who controlled the Eastern and Western domains. The Eastern Empire did little to help the Western Empire which was experiencing assaults. Notwithstanding when the siblings were never again in control, the Eastern Empire was constantly easing back to help the Western Empire. The vast size of the Roman Empire caused the split that left the western half excessively powerless, making it impossible to safeguard itself, enabling roaming clans to attack and conquer Rome.
One reason for the population decrease was because there were illnesses and nourishment deficiencies, making it hard to oversee farms and supply the military. Large amounts of money were required to back the realm’s military and public works. Insufficient funds resulted from no more income from conquest, and by the fourth century, taxes had been raised to overwhelming amounts. Additionally, there were massive amounts of currency being made. Inflation was caused when emperors, beginning with Emperor Nero, used less valuable metal to make coins in an attempt to manufacture more money. By doing that, they reduced the worth of money and caused inflation. Since Roman coins never again retained its previous value trade decreased, and inflation likewise caused a lack of money for the military. Without any payment, the armies disbanded and were not able to guard their territory, enabling traveling clans to attack.
In conclusion, the fall of the Roman Empire can’t be credited to just one reason. Instead, it came about because of a chain of events. Rome did not fall only because of the emperor’s inability to control to empire but because of the disunity its size made. Disunity was apparent between the Eastern and Western Empires and the split religious loyalties of the realm’s inhabitants. Also, currency became unstable because of the emperor’s demand for money, and instability was the result of constant civil wars. The vast size of the realm, disunity in the domain, and unsteadiness left the Roman military excessively weak, making it impossible to defend itself. This led to assaults from clans, in the end causing the destruction of the nation.
Bartlett, Bruce. “How Excessive government Killed Ancient Rome.”
The Cato Journal. The Cato Institute, 1994. Web. 30 Sep 2010.