Official name: GeorgiaFlag:DemographicsPopulation: 4,926,330 (Georgian 86.
8%, Azeri 6.3%, Armenian 4.5%, other 2.3%) (July 2017 est.
)Official Languages: GeorgianReligions: Orthodox 83.4%, Muslim 10.7%, Armenian Apostolic 2.9%, other 1.2%, none 0.5%, unspecified/no answer 1.2% (2014 est.
)GovernmentPresident: Giorgi MargvelashviliPrime Minister: Irakli KobakhidzeType of government: unitary semi-presidential republicLegislature/ decision-making body: ParliamentEconomics Main contributors: agriculture, mining, producing alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, metals, machinery, and chemicals, tourismLess Economically Developed Country Major imports: fuels, vehicles, machinery and parts, grain and other foodstuffs, pharmaceuticalsMajor exports: vehicles, Ferro-alloys, fertilizers, nuts scrap metal, gold, copper ores, winesMain trading partners: Russia, China, European Union, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Canada, ArmeniaInfrastructureCommunications: Television and phone networks run by government, private companiesTransport: High coverage of roads and expressways, effective public transport system (bus, railways) and maritime and air Sanitation: Clean water is available largely only in Tbilisi and Batumi, declining access to improved sanitation in rural areasCulture Unique Traits: long history, strong literary tradition based on Georgian Language and AlphabetUnique Foods: Khinkali (meat dumplings), Khachapuri, ChurchkhelaAttitude to the Arts: influenced over the centuries by other cultures Sports: football, basketball, rugby union, wrestling, judo, and weightlifting. GeographyLocation: Southwestern Asia, bordering Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia, with silver of land north of Caucasus extending into EuropeImportant neighbours: Russia, Turkey Unique geography: earthquakes and landslides in mountainous areas present a significant threat to life and property, Krubera Cave in western part is deepest-known cave in the world 3 Relevant points for Issue 1 (GM food)1) A research study published in July/August 2017 indicate that Georgian farmers are relatively “uninformed” about genetically engineered products, but they are keen to get more information about it. In general, there is a negative attitude towards GM crops. 2) A new law came into force on July 1, 2015 that noted all products that contained genetically modified components must have proper labels informing consumers of this fact.3) Georgia banned the imports of genetically modified seeds without a license from the Ministry of Environmental Protection in December 2013.3 Relevant points for Issue 2 (Transplant trafficking)1) Georgian law stated live organ donation was only possible from family members or from a spouse’s relatives. The purpose of this law was to prevent trading of human organs2) Georgia prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Article 143 of its criminal code3) Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA)’s second evaluation report on Georgia concluded that.
since 2012, Georgia has made progress in further developing the legal framework to combat trafficking in human beings, collecting data and assisting vulnerable groups. However, more needs to be done to ensure timely identification of victims of trafficking, assist them and guarantee effective investigation and prosecution.