Obsessive Compulsive DisorderBy: Sarah Young What Is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) causes people to haveunwanted thoughts or obsessions that cause them to do something repetitively,also known as a compulsion (1). What are the different types of OCD?There are four main categories of OCD. They are:Checking.Contamination.Hoarding.Ruminations / Intrusive Thoughts (6).
How can it impact individuals lives?Obsessive-compulsive disorder will soon take up all the timein an individual’s life.An individual with OCD will be able to do nothing else butworry about the obsessions and compulsions.Patients with OCD are often not able to live life to it’sfullest, because the disorder takes away most of their day.The disorder can be very troubling to friends and family(2). Ways to cope with OCDFocus your attention on something else.Anticipate your OCD compulsions.Face your fears.If you have a worry, write it down (1).
Who is at Risk?Anyone could develop OCD, but certain factors in your lifecould increase the risk of developing OCD. These factors are:Your Family History. Having parents or grandparents with OCDmay increase your risk of developing it also.
Life events. If you have had a stressful experience in yourlife, your risk of developing OCD may increase.Mental health disorders. Having other mental healthdisorders increases your risk of developing OCD. At what age does OCD begin?You can be diagnosed with OCD at any age, usually beginningfrom preschool to adulthood.
The age of diagnosis tends to be earlier in males than infemales (6). Is OCD inherited?OCD does often run in families, but genes are only partlyresponsible for OCD, environmental influences and life experiences play a majorrole in the development of OCD (6). How is OCD diagnosed?The diagnosis is made based on the patient’s symptoms by amental health professional.There are is no imaging test to diagnose OCD (6). TreatmentTreatment cannot fully cure OCD, but it can help controlobsessions and compulsions .
Psychotherapy and medications can also help control OCD (3). Where can I get treatment in my community?Local therapies.The Local Doctor’s Office.Support Groups in your neighborhood.
The OCD & Anxiety Treatment Center – (801) 298-2000.Mindset Family Therapy – (801) 427-1054 (4). How effective are OCD treatments?Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors are proven to reduce symptomsin about half of patients with OCD. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has also been shown to reduce symptoms.Patients who respond to this therapy have reported a 60%-80% reduction in theirOCD symptoms. Resources available 24/7Anxiety Hotline Number – Provides information and adviceabout medical conditions (5).
Your Local Doctor’s Office Can OCD go away on its own?OCD cannot go away completely on its own, but gettingtreatment may help reduce symptoms. CitationsGorrindo, Tristan, and Ranna Parakh. “What IsObsessive-Compulsive Disorder?”https://www.psychiatry.
org/patients-families/ocd/what-is-obsessive-compulsive-disorder”OCD Symptoms and Effects.” Timberline KnollsResidential Treatment Center,www.timberlineknolls.com/mood-personality/ocd/signs-effects/.Melinda Smith M.D., and Jeanne Segal Ph.D.
“Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).” Symptoms, Treatment, andSelf-Help for OCD,www.helpguide.
org/articles/anxiety/obssessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd.htm.”Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).” MayoClinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 17 Sept.
2016,www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/obsessive-compulsive-disorder/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354438″Anxiety Hotline Number.” Mental Help AnxietyHotline Number Comments, May 25th 2017,www.mentalhelp.
net/articles/anxiety-hotline/ “Frequently Asked Questions about OCD.” Brain& Behavior Research Foundation, 6 Oct. 2017,www.bbrfoundation.org/faq/frequently-asked-questions-about-ocd.