Nowadays, young marriage has become one of the biggestconcern all over the world, especially in Vietnam. The percentage of teenagers married before the age of 18 is equal to 11%. Moreover,UNICEF claims that this trend is going to rise from 5.4% to 10.3% from 2006 to2014 respectively (February 2016). In other words, marriage changes differently over areas andethnic gatherings, with a few gatherings encountering rates as high as 70%. However, in comparison with other fast-growingcountries, Vietnam had fairly low interest of child marriage, which has grownrecently.
The government needs to search the root factors related to earlymarriage such as insecurity, gender inequality, and education which cause the recession in the Vietnamese economy.Majority ofparents have the opinion that by early marriage they insecure their kids, as nowadays,world face lots of cases of sexual harassment or rape. Scholar Doug Brinley(January 25, 2006) writes that “successful marriage requires maturity and patience,which we often do not have early on in the marriage” however despites thatelders prefer to insure their little immature girl by wedding at an early age. Besides that,child marriage might also rise in the case of human crises including catastrophicevent or dispute. Typhoons, earthquakes and other natural disasters promptedmillions of citizens in rural areas of Vietnam out of work by destroying theirhearth. To be more clear, whenfamilies confront challenges, marriage might come as a solution to overcome thestress. Additionally, in contemporary world there are lots of cases ofdiscrimination such as having boy is fortune whereas girl is not. Females do notget appropriate conveniences and adequate education for prosperous life,instead they are forced to early marriage.
Moreover, young ladies are seen as amoney related weight, which may increment when marriage is deferred since abigger share should be paid. Nine out of the ten nations with the mostastounding tyke marriage rates are viewed as fragile states (Bureau, 2013)Early marriage canbe an infringement of youngsters’ basic rights to an adolescence, wellbeing,settling on choices about their own lives and especially to an education. Lowlevel of education can be considered as another valuable explanation for kidmarriage. individuals who are uneducated and do nothave any thought regarding the post-marriage difficulty a little child canconfront regularly pick youngster marriage for unknown reasons absence ofeducation additionally triggers these convictions. The GMR represented in 2013 that therewould be 14% less kid relational unions if all young ladies had primaryeducation. There would be 64% less births in the event that they had secondaryeducation (By Marcos Delprato, GMR researcher, 2015).
The third cause ofthis issue might be gender inequality. Giving a little girl in marriage enablesguardians to diminish family costs by guaranteeing they have one lessindividual to nourish, dress and instruct. Families may likewise observeputting resources into their child’s instruction as more advantageousspeculation. Now and again marriage of a little girl is an approach toreimburse obligations, oversee question, or settle social, monetary andpolitical collusions (Save the Children UK, Rights of passage, 2003).
The pointof view that ladies have the privilege to pick when and with whom to wed isconflicting with community standards, which consider them to be the property offathers and spouses. Kid marriage is additionally observed to fortify familyties, faction and ancestral associations or political organizations together,and here and there goes about as a component to settle family unit commitments.In addition, social weight works in communities with high prevalence of earlymarriage where inability to accommodate can bring about dissatisfaction ordisgrace for the family (Astrid Bant 2013). Solid associations do everything that isnecessary to solve the issue of child marriage.
The United Nations call upon tosettle the task in cooperation, as it is of everyone biggest concern. The stepsthat society might take is to concentrate on changing social standards tosecure gender equality, contributing to supporting young ladies to proceed withtheir education, giving them chances to ponder higher, giving professionalpreparing and stable economic prospects.