Nigeria the post-1981 decrease in oil prices signaled marked

Nigeria – European Union relationship dates
as far back as 1960 when Nigeria gained independence from Britain. As an
international economic organization, the European Union countries comprises of
some advanced countries of the north, which originally included France, Belgium,
Luxemburg, Italy, West Germany,
Italy, Luxemburg and the Netherlands. Overtime,
has expanded to include nine other countries namely United Kingdom (Britain),
Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Austria and Finland, including
this also includes Romania that recently
joined the Union recently
(Sanu and Onwuka, 1997). To a large extent, the history of the European Union
during its early years was one of steady economic growth for its members. According
to Goldsmith and Klausen,  (1998), the former West Germany
during this time proved itself as a leading world economic power, and a
dominant force in the New European Union. He stated that France progressively
moved from an economy that was predominantly agricultural to a much industrialized
one. According to him at this time there arose global concerns about the
implication of unified economy, as Europe in 1992, headed towards attaining a
long dream of establishing a single unified market and economy integration. In
Africa, and for Nigeria also, this was more severe due to the nature of the
Euro-African relations over the centuries.

By and large, after Nigeria gained her
independence in 1960 highly – skilled migration to the UK continued for either
study, business and work. Due toBecause
of the oil crisis in 1973, the prices of
oil plummeteddropped,
this caused brought about a
350 percent increase upsurge in
oil revenue. On the other hand, the post-1981 decrease in oil prices signaled
marked a long period of economic
downturn along with prolonged political subjugation and violence.

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          A tremendous
huge number of Nigerians migrated to
countries such as GermanyFrance,
Belgium, FranceGermany,
the Netherlands and the
Netherlands. Nevertheless, in the 1990s, some other countries like
Italy, Spain and Ireland emerged as new major destinations of labour migrants
from Nigeria and West Africa (Black et al., 2004: 9). There has also been a
growing tendency of Nigerian migrants towards permanent
settlement settling permanently in these
countries. Thus far, iIncreasing
restrictions and controls on immigration in Europe have not led to a decrease
in Nigerian emigration. Instead, migrants are more often irregular, and the
itineraries tend to be longer and more terrifyingperilous.
There is contingent liable evidence
that these more recent migrants to continental mainland
European countries are, on average, less skilled, and that they
more often do formal jobs particularly in southern Europe, and engage in informal
services such as trade and menial jobs which adds to the economy. Take for
example, the UK through student and professional migration continue to attract
the more highly skilled workers (Hernandez-Coss et al., 2007).