“Mobile your life, online and off. Signs and Symptoms

“Mobile
phone addiction” problems of mobile phone use” have all been used to
describe more or less the same phenomenon, that is, individuals engrossed in
their Smartphone use to the extent that they neglect other areas of life. The
most commonly used terms to describe this kind of addiction are “mobile
phone addiction” and, recently, “Smartphone addiction”.

Mobile
phone usage is so strongly integrated into young people’s behavior that
symptoms of behavioral addiction, such as cell phone usage interrupting their
day –to-day activities. Main aim of this paper investigated some aspects of the
emerging on the impact of Smart phone Addiction among adolescent’s life. Moreover,
the reader of the article would understand about measuring the smart phone
addiction among Adolescents, finding out the Emotional & physical problems
of Adolescents for using smart phone and measuring the interference of
adolescents for using smart phone. People are increasingly using mobile phones
rather than the fixed telephones.  The
cell phone today is a lifeline for many. It is estimated that around 4.5
billion people use the cell phone worldwide. And it comes as no surprise that a
huge chunk of this quantity consists of the youth. The cell phone is more of a
necessity for them than a luxury.

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Adolescence:

Adolescence
(from Latin adolescere, meaning
“to grow up”) is a
transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally
occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (age of majority). Adolescence,
transitional phase of growth and development between childhood and adulthood.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines an adolescent as any person between
ages 10 and 19. Adolescents and children of today are those who experience more
this situation, were born in the age of technology and communications virtual
and are therefore referred to as “digital natives”. Main aim of this
paper investigates some aspects of the emerging on the impact of Smart phone
Addiction among adolescent’s life.

 

Smartphone:

 While a Smartphone, tablet, or computer can be
a hugely productive tool, compulsive use of these devices can interfere with
your daily life, work, and relationships. When you spend more time on social
media or playing games than you do interacting with real people, or you can’t
stop yourself from repeatedly checking texts, emails, news feeds, websites, or
apps—even when it has negative consequences in your life—it may be time to
reassess your technology use. By learning about the signs and symptoms of Smartphone
and Internet addiction and the ways to break free of the habit, you can better
balance your life, online and off.

 

Signs and Symptoms of Smartphone Addiction:

Some
major signs and symptoms of Smartphone addiction include: Tolerance, Withdrawal,
Failed attempts to cut back on Smartphone use, Loses track of time when using
mobile phone, Uses cell phone in order to deal with unwanted emotions, Text
neck, Digital eye strain.

Among
our technological gadgets smart phones play the most important role, new generation
devices offer other functions beyond calling (internet availability, computer
games, music player, camera functions etc.) In everyday’s can be experienced
that youth spend more and more time with their smart phones and despite the
actuality of this issue there are no studies on the excessive Smartphone usage
in Hungary and we can find only a few international studies.

Smartphone
are popular technological devices, capable of processing more information than
other mobile phones and having many properties including internet access,
multimedia and navigation in addition to use for communication . The number of
estimated Smartphone users in the world was more than 1.08 billion in early
2012, and the use of smart phones has increased rapidly

The
use of smart phones might result in Smartphone addiction which is similar to
many aspects of internet and cell phone addiction. It has been reported that
the rate of Smartphone addiction is 8.40%.

 

The impact of smart phone addiction:

1.     
Impacts in the Physical Health:

There is some evidence supporting the claim that excessive mobile
phone use can cause or worsen health problems. Germs are everywhere, and
considering the number of times people interact with their cell phone under
different circumstances and places, germs are very likely to transfer from one
place to another. Research from the London
School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine at Queen Mary in 2011 indicated that one in six cell phones is
contaminated with fecal matter. Under further inspection, some of the phones
with the fecal matter were also harboring lethal bacteria such as E. coli,
which can result in fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.

 

2.     
Impacts in the Psychological Health:

There are concerns that some mobile phone
users incur considerable debt, and that mobile phones are being used to violate
privacy and harass others. In particular, there is increasing evidence that
mobile phones are being used as a tool by children to bully other children.

There is a large amount of research on mobile
phone use, and its positive and negative influence on the human’s psychological
mind and social communication. Referring to the possible negative outcomes of
mobile phone use, users may encounter stress, sleep disturbances and symptoms
of depression, especially in young adults.

·        
Increasing loneliness and depression:

While
it may seem that losing yourself online will temporarily make feelings such as
loneliness, depression, and boredom evaporate into thin air, it can actually
make you feel even worse. A 2014 study found a correlation between high social
media usage and depression and anxiety. Users, especially teens, tend to
compare themselves unfavorably with their peers on social media, promoting
feelings of loneliness and depression.

·        
Feeling
anxiety:

One
researcher found that the mere presence of a phone in a work place tends to
make people more anxious and perform poorly on given tasks. The heavier the
phone user, the greater the anxiety experienced.

·        
Increasing
stress:

Using
a Smartphone for work often means work bleeds into your home and personal life.
You feel the pressure to always be on, never out of touch from work. This need
to continually check and respond to email can contribute to higher stress
levels and even burnout. Exacerbating attention deficit disorders.

·        
Disturbing
your sleep:

Excessive
Smartphone use can disrupt your sleep, which can have a serious impact on your
overall mental health. It can impact your memory, affect your ability to think
clearly, and reduce your cognitive and learning skills.

·        
Encouraging
self-absorption:

A
UK study found that people who spend a lot of time on social media are more
likely to display negative personality traits such as narcissism. Snapping
endless selfies, posting all your thoughts or details about your life can
create an unhealthy self-centeredness, distancing you from real-life
relationships and making it harder to cope with stress.

3.     
Impacts in the Social
Health:

There is an enormous impact of the mobile phone on contemporary
society from a social scientific perspective. Clinical psychologist Lisa Merlo
says, “Some patients pretend to talk on the phone or fiddle with apps to
avoid eye contact or other interactions at a party.” In a survey made
by Gazelle, “More than 25% of respondents reported that they ‘almost
always’ use their Smartphone while in a social setting such as during a meal or
during a party. In addition, 58% said they use it ‘usually’ or ‘occasionally’
during these settings.” Furthermore,

·        
70% check their phones
in the morning within just one hour of getting up

·        
56% check their phones
before going to bed

·        
48% check their phones
over the weekend

·        
51% constantly check
their phones during vacation

·        
44% reported they would
feel very anxious and irritable if they did not interact with their phones
within a week

This change on the conversation style from face-to-face to text
based conversation has also been observed by Sherry Turkle. Her work cites connectivity as an important trigger of social behavior change
regarding communication; therefore this adaptation of communicating would
not be caused only by the cell phone as a device itself.

·        
Diminishing
your ability to concentrate and think deeply or creatively:

The
persistent buzz, ping or beep of your Smartphone can distract you from
important tasks, slow your work, and interrupt those quiet moments that are so
crucial to creativity and problem solving. Instead of ever being alone with our
thoughts, we’re now always online and connected.

 

REVIEW
OF LITERATURE

Sheopuri (2014)
observed that extent of addictive behaviour towards the usage of mobile phones
and the relation between the users of the mobiles and the psychological
behaviour among adolescents in Bhopal, India. They showed that cell phone usage
is so strongly integrated in to young people’s behaviour that symptoms of
behavioural addiction, such as cell phone usage interrupting their day to day
activities.

Acharya, et al. (2013)
examined that the health effects of cell phones usage amongst students pursuing
professional courses in colleges. College students of both sexes in the age
group 17-23 years from urban and rural backgrounds were selected at random
(those using cell phones). Result showed that headache was to be the commonest
symptoms followed by irritability/anger. Other common mental symptoms included
lack of concentration and poor academic performance, insomnia, anxiety etc.
Among physical symptoms- body aches, eye strain, digital thumb were found to be
frequently in both sexes. 

Turel et al. (2011)
Technology addiction can be defined as a mental health condition characterized
by a maladaptive dependency on the use of technology

 

RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY

Research Objectives:

v  To
study the personal profile of the respondents

v  To
measure the Smart phone addiction among Adolescents.

v  To
Find out the physical & Emotional problems of adolescents for using smart
phone

v  To
measure the interference of adolescents for using smart phone

Research Design

 The research
design used in this study is descriptive research design.

Universe:

     
All the items under consideration in any field of enquiry constitute a
universe or population. The universe of the study consists of all the school
adolescent girls who fall under the age of 10-19 years and who are studying in
the High School and Higher Secondary Schools and College at Chavadi, Coimbatore.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                              

Sampling:

   Convenient sampling method was used. The
researcher selected 60 respondents as sample size.

 

Method of Data Collection:

Interview
schedule was used for the purpose of study.

Limitations of the Study:

·        
Time period of the
study was very limited.

·        
Some of the respondents
not give proper details during the data collection period.

·        
Generalization cannot
be made since the study focused only on a particular section of the universe.

·        
The responses given by
the respondents may be biased.

Operational
Definitions:

Adolescence: Adolescence (from Latin adolescere, meaning “to
grow up”) is a transitional stage of physical and psychological
development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal
adulthood (age of majority).

Nomophobia:
Smartphone addiction, sometimes
colloquially known as “Nomophobia” (Nomophobia is the irrational fear of being
without your mobile phone or being unable to use your phone for some reason,
such as the absence of a signal or running out of minutes or battery power. A
phobia is by definition an irrational fear.), is often fueled by an Internet
overuse problem or Internet addiction disorder.

FINDINGS

v  More
than half (53.3%) of the respondents
are Female

v  Majority
(70%) of the respondents are from
Nuclear family

v  More
than one third (38.3%) of the
respondents are doing studies in the college

v  More
than one third (33.3%) of the
respondents are using mobile phone from 1 to 2 years

v  There
is an association between that Gender and smart phone addiction

v  There
is an association between that Type of Family and smart phone addiction.

v  There
is an association between that Smart Phone Usage and smart phone addiction

v  There
is an association between that Age and Emotional and Physical Problem.

v  There
is an association between that Gender and Emotional and Physical Problem.

v  There
is an association between that Education and Emotional and Physical Problem.

v  There
is a significant relation between that Duration of Smart phone use and Smart
Phone Addiction.

v  There
is a significant relation between that age and emotional& physical problem.

v  There
is a significant relation between That Gender and Smart Phone Addiction

v  There
is a significant relation between that education and Smart Phone Addiction

v  There
is a significant relation between that type of family and Smart Phone addition

v  There
is a significant relation between that Smart Phone Addiction and Emotional and
physical problems

SUGGESTIONS

v  The
importance, advantages and disadvantages of mobile phones/smart phones could be
inculcated in the hearts of the adolescents.

v  Training
programmes/seminars/guest lecture might be arranged on how to cope with
emotional and physical problems faced by adolescents because the usage of
mobile phones/smart phones.

v  Various
effective tools such as music, culture, sports etc. could be used to divert the
adolescents from using the mobile phones/smart phones.

v  Many
individuals gather together make a Society. So, an orientation session could be
arranged for the adolescents and the importance of the society. So that the
adolescents may be focused to the growth and development of the society.

CONCLUSION

Every new piece of
technology has the potential to be both a boon and a curse. Mobile phones,
while they have brought people closer and have enabled even the most remote
person to access the internet and to engage in educational, recreational and
social activities; unrestricted use has the potential to cause dependence.
People with signs of dependence on or addiction to mobile phones or smart
phones display an array of Physical Health, Mental Health and Social Health
issues. They show signs of compromised functioning either in the presence of or
due to the absence of the mobile devices – a clear indicator that the
technology is being abused. As psychologists and alert citizens, it becomes our
task to ensure that we do not allow ourselves to become dependent on mobile phones;
as well as to help those already showing signs of addiction and dependence
throw off the yolk of the device, and instead harness it to fulfill one’s
potential. The researcher after the study has given a few suggestions for the
adolescents how to cope with the impact of mobile phone addictionsmart phone
addiction among in their life.