METHODOLOGY:Thispaper is based on the literature review of various papers, books, articles onQuality of work-life. The secondary data is use for this paper. The objective isto know about the theories and concepts proved for the study of Quality ofwork-life. Before undertaking any research, it is important that a researchershould examine closely his or her research problem its aims and objectivesthoroughly in order to carry out a research programme more scientifically. Inthe present research our focus was given to explore the components of Qualityof Work Life and its consequences in nursing profession.
Therefore, it hasbecome need of hour to study the effect of Quality of Work Life of hospitalnurses. Most of the reviews were taken fromSorrentino, 1992; McNeese-Smith, 1995; Chiok Foong Loke, 2001; Fang, 2001;Fletcher, 2001; Yin and Yang, 2002; Larrabee et al., 2003, Tzeng, 2002; Yin andYang, 2002; Rambur et al., 2003.Blegen and Mueller, 1987; Blegen, 1993; Irvineand Evans, 1995 CONCLUSION:It is clear from the reviewedliteratures that an organization cannot get estimated outcomes from theemployees’ without Quality of work life.
QWL is important for both employees andthe organizations to achieve the overall objectives. Literaturesreviewed have shown that QWL is very important constraint duringthe job design process. The literatures reviewed shows that there are mostimportant components of QWL which are associated with the employee satisfactionand employees need of QWL in different industries.In India we have limited research and literature on QWL especially in theNursing profession.
Indian Nursing profession is facing a high attrition rateproblem, poor quality of work life and poor patient care, to find out the root cause,a study may be undertaken by considering the important components affectingQuality of nursing work life in Indian Nursing profession. Literatures reviewed shows that the nursing quality of work lifehas not been systematically reviewed in the recent years. Thus, the currentstudy was aimed to identify the predictors of the nurses’ QWL and determine therelation between QWL of nurses and their performance. Also finds out causes ofattrition in nursing profession. In this study of literatures reviewed weidentified major factors affecting the QWL of nurses and major predictors ofthe nurses’ QWL like: leadership and management style of the organization, decision-makingattitude of managers, working in shifts, salary and fringe benefits,relationship with colleagues, nurses demographic characteristics, and workload.Although different researchers had varied perspectives on the QWL in nursing,most viewed QWL as a subjective phenomenon that is influenced by personalfeeling and perceptions.
A closer review of definitions of QWL indicated thatsome authors considered QWL as an “outcome,” whereas others saw it asa “process.” Further research needs to be conducted to determine therelative importance of QWL predictors, and implementation programs to improvethe QWL for better performance in patient care and retain hospital nurses.