METHODOLOGY: from the reviewed literatures that an organization cannot

METHODOLOGY:
This
paper is based on the literature review of various papers, books, articles on
Quality of work-life. The secondary data is use for this paper. The objective is
to know about the theories and concepts proved for the study of Quality of
work-life. Before undertaking any research, it is important that a researcher
should examine closely his or her research problem its aims and objectives
thoroughly in order to carry out a research programme more scientifically. In
the present research our focus was given to explore the components of Quality
of Work Life and its consequences in nursing profession. Therefore, it has
become need of hour to study the effect of Quality of Work Life of hospital
nurses.

            Most of the reviews were taken from
Sorrentino, 1992; McNeese-Smith, 1995; Chiok Foong Loke, 2001; Fang, 2001;
Fletcher, 2001; Yin and Yang, 2002; Larrabee et al., 2003, Tzeng, 2002; Yin and
Yang, 2002; Rambur et al., 2003.Blegen and Mueller, 1987; Blegen, 1993; Irvine
and Evans, 1995

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CONCLUSION:
It is clear from the reviewed
literatures that an organization cannot get estimated outcomes from the
employees’ without Quality of work life. QWL is important for both employees and
the organizations to achieve the overall objectives. Literatures
reviewed have shown that QWL is very important constraint   during
the job design process. The literatures reviewed shows that there are most
important components of QWL which are associated with the employee satisfaction
and employees need of  QWL in different industries.
In India we have limited research and literature on QWL especially in the
Nursing profession. Indian Nursing profession is facing a high attrition rate
problem, poor quality of work life and poor patient care, to find out the root cause,
a study may be undertaken by considering the important components affecting
Quality of nursing work life in Indian Nursing profession.

Literatures reviewed shows that the nursing quality of work life
has not been systematically reviewed in the recent years. Thus, the current
study was aimed to identify the predictors of the nurses’ QWL and determine the
relation between QWL of nurses and their performance. Also finds out causes of
attrition in nursing profession. In this study of literatures reviewed we
identified major factors affecting the QWL of nurses and major predictors of
the nurses’ QWL like: leadership and management style of the organization, decision-making
attitude of managers, working in shifts, salary and fringe benefits,
relationship with colleagues, nurses demographic characteristics, and workload.
Although different researchers had varied perspectives on the QWL in nursing,
most viewed QWL as a subjective phenomenon that is influenced by personal
feeling and perceptions. A closer review of definitions of QWL indicated that
some authors considered QWL as an “outcome,” whereas others saw it as
a “process.” Further research needs to be conducted to determine the
relative importance of QWL predictors, and implementation programs to improve
the QWL for better performance in patient care and retain hospital nurses.