Marriage as alegitimately perceived social contract between two individuals, customarily inlight of a sexual relationship and inferring a changelessness of the union. Increating an inclusive definition, we should also consider variations, such aswhether a legal union is required (think of “common- law” marriage and itsequivalents), or whether more than two people can be involved (considerpolygamy). Marriageis set to be a permanent institution but in today’s world the nature ofpermanency has vanished. Marriage was earlier consider to be a secrimental bondwhich cannot be broken so easily. It was set to be a bond could be a beginningof family as an institution other variations on the definition of marriagemight include whether spouses are of opposite sexes or the same sex, and howone of the traditional expectations of marriage (to produce children) isunderstood today.
In India, as indicated by conventionalHindu Law, marriage is a ceremony and not a common contract. It is a sanskarafunction compulsory for Hindu. The Hindu religious books have urged marriage asobligation on the grounds that an unmarried man can’t play out the absolutemost critical religious rituals. In that capacity in Hindu marriage thereis no space for sentimental love as the premise of conjugal determination.There is no space for romance, on the grounds that the youngsters never observeeach other marriage.
Sentimental love could come about shape marriage yetcouldn’t be a reason for it. To put it plainly, among Hindus marriage is mandatory.It is a ceremony, indestructible and mystery union. Second relational unions,particularly for ladies, are hated. However disregarding these generalhighlights, distinctive societies have built up an intriguing assorted varietyof directions and traditions concerning preclusions and inclinations formarriage accomplices and in addition desires amongst life partners and in-laws.Unmistakable varieties, for example, organized relational unions, polygamy, andsame-sexed unions give a rich ethnographic record to hypothesizing concerningwhy social orders vary. They additionally challenge our resistance of variousgood traditions and no more essential level. · Forms of Marriage:-Marriagesare of different types across the world.
Types of weddings are not to beconfused with types of marriages, as weddings can of be of different types asper the community even if the type of marriage is Monogamous. Forms of marriageare also culturally driven and different types of marriages in the world areprevalent among various societies. It is veryimportant for us to know the types of MARRIAGEs that exists and does not existin India to understand the concept of changing trends in institution ofMARRIAGE. (iv) Companionate marriage:This is the marriage of two persons on theunderstanding that as long as there are no children the marriage may bedissolved simply by mutual consent. This system is much better than free loveor trial marriage because the knowledge that in case there are no childrendivorce may be obtained will provide wholesome attitudes towards marriage1. (i) Polyandry (One wife, manyhusbands) :- Polyandry.
Incertain parts of the earth polyandry long existed. It is a form of marriagewherein one woman marries more than one man at a given time. It is however relatively a rare type of marriage and isgenerally an improvised adjustment to certain peculiar and extreme conditions.2 Polyandry may take two forms: (a) Fraternal Polyandry: (b) Non-fraternal Polyandry: (ii)Polygyny (One husband many wives):- Under this system one manhas two or more wives at a time. Polygyny is generally called polygamy butstrictly speaking the latter is a general term including both polyandry andpolygyny. Polygyny is found among Eskimo tribes, Crow and Hidatsa of North America and African Negroes.
(iii) Monogamy (One man onewife):- Undermonogamy one man marries one woman at a time. This is the leading form ofmarriage. Its advantages are now well recognised. It produces the highest typesof affection and sincere devotion. The children are well looked after.
(v)Experimental Marriage:Some thinkers have proposed experimentalmarriages to find out the compatibility of the two people before they settledown to a life of permanent union. A man and woman may be allowed to leadmarital life temporarily in order to find out if they can settle downpermanently in matrimonial relations. · Factors affecting marriage :-(1) INDUSTRIALISATION:- Industrialisationrefers to the growth of industries and its dominance over agriculture . In thismodern era of development where factories and manufacturing units are growingrapidly day by day ,men and women work together which has boosted self respectand confidence of women in modern industries men and women work together withpeace and harmony respect each other as well as there interest3. (2 ) URBANISATION :- Urbanisation refers tophenomenal growth of towns and cities, moving to cities changing to agricultureto other means of earning there livelihood MARRIAGE in urban cities is held asa social and modern ceremony and less as a religious and traditional ceremony .MARRIAGE in the era of urbanisation is a modern ceremony.(3) EDUCATION:- Education is an endowment tohomosapiens as education is the first step to develop humanity education helpsus to know the society better and it helps us to know people better.
Moderneducation has brought many changes in marriage. Youths have their own views. (4) Legislation:- As nobody is above law everyone has to abide by the constitution andrespect it a number of legislations are made for safeguarding MARRIAGE the mostimportant legislation related to marriage are given below1 Family law book (Dr. parasDiwan)2 www.yourarticlelibrary.com/paragraphs/marriage3 www.wikipedia.org