Marine engineering is a branch of engineering responsible for nautical architecture and science. Typically these type of engineers work on designing, building, and maintaining ships, from aircraft carriers to submarines and/or from sailboats to tankers. Marine engineers specifically maintain the internal systems of a ship, such as the propulsion, electrical, refrigeration, and steering systems. However, marine engineering is not limited to working with boats. The engineers also design various systems for oceanic research bases and offshore drilling platforms. They fix and answer questions regarding how engines or other components of systems may interact/function with different environments, including stormy seas or major bodies of water. In order to pursue marine engineering an individual often needs a bachelor’s degree in marine engineering and/or naval architecture, respectively, or a related degree, such as a degree in mechanical or electrical engineering. A marine engineer degree focuses on applying the principles of engineering to systems that assist in vessels, docks, and other aquatic entities. Many schools offer marine engineers a bachelor’s degree, a masters degree, or PhD in marine engineering. Following the completion of a four year bachelor program, many marine engineers elect to pursue the United States Guard Mariner’s License. Schools who provide degree programs in marine engineering include, Broward College, University of New Orleans, California State University, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Maine Maritime University, SUNY Maritime College, and many other colleges. A day in the life of a marine engineer can vary depending on their responsibilities. Typically one will find marine engineers working in offices, where they often have access to tools necessary for analyzing projects, such as computer software, in order to design solutions. Although their schedule may change if when they are responsible for traveling overseas to test/maintain the ships that they have designed or built. Based on specifications of the vessel, they are often required to design the propulsion system, or other components of a ship, such as steering system, heating, cooling and ventilation systems and hydraulics. Once a plan is developed, they next create layouts and schematics. Then on some occasions they are responsible to conduct periodic inspections, as well as monitor the project budget and prepare status reports for either their managers or clients. As explained, marine engineering is a very specialized career. This field of engineering has a solid foundation in mechanical engineering and other similar career paths. Marine engineers skills are particularly advanced in the subject of math, in addition to science which is vital. Likewise, students who want to study marine engineering should have a background in physics, thermodynamics, both fluid and material mechanics, as well as engineering graphic programs. As a result of the specialization of the career, the median annual wage, 93,350 dollars per year, is relatively high compared to the average American annual salary. Marine engineers generally make 44.88 dollars per hour (since May of 2016), based on the median annual wage.