LESSON ONE Music is a form of art. Music

LESSON ONEMusic is a formof art.

Music is also a form of entertainment that puts sounds together in a way that people like orfind interesting. Most music includes people singing with their voices or playing musicalinstruments, such asthe PIANO, GUITAR, or DRUMS.              Musicis considered as the most popular and influential fine art.  Sound is the material of music. A MusicalSound is also called the Tone, which has two basic qualities:  a recognizable pitch and certain duration.

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Melodyis basically a succession of musical sounds of varying pitches, presentedone after another. The sounds are organized in such a way as to archive adistinctive shape, usually involved with rhythm. Melody is the most importantingredient in a piece of music.

           If wedivide Musical Instruments in some categories, here are the main families ofmusical instruments.Brass Instruments – e.g. Trumpet, Horn, Cornet                                       Tuba, French Horn                       ,etcStings Instruments – e.g. Violin, Guitar,                                       Mandolin, Sarangi,                                              Santoor,etc.Woodwind Instruments – e.g.

Flute, Saxophone,                                                Oboe, Clarinet ,etcPercussion Instruments – e.g. Drums, Tabla,                                                             Bongo        Mridingum                                                Khol , Dholak ,etc   Keyboard Instruments –  e.g. Piano , Organ ,                                              Synthesizer,Harmonium , Accordion etc                                    A  SYNTHESIZER(often abbreviatedas synth, also spelled Synthesiser) is an Electronic Musical Instrument that generates electric signals that are converted tosound through instrumentamplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones. Synthesizers may either imitate instruments like Piano,  organ, flute, vocals; natural sounds like ocean waves, etc.

; or generatenew electronic timbres. They are often played with a musical keyboard, but they can be controlled via a variety of otherinput devices, including music sequencers, instrument controllers, fingerboards, guitarsynthesizers, wind controllers, and electronic drums. Synthesizers without built-in controllers are oftencalled sound modules, and are controlled via USB, MIDI using acontroller device, often a MIDI keyboard or other controller. Roland, Korg, Yamaha, Casioare some of the leading brands who produce different models of Synthesizers.                                                      The term Pitch refers tothe High-Low quality of the musical sound. In Hindustani Music,the basic musical sounds are determined as 22 microtones called as Shrutisoccurring in one group of tones.

Out of these 22 microtones, seven tones aredivided to form a Group called the Saptak : ???? ? ? ? ? ??InWestern Music also the tones are considered as seven which aregiven names from the letters of the English Alphabet :   A B  C  D E  F  G  called as Musical Alphabet . Thegroups are made of eight tones. No other letter is needed since these sevenletters are repeated throughout the wider range of music. The wider range ofmusic is divided into identical groups called the Octave.                                 The scale is a succession of single notes within an octave; the notesare arranged in order of pitch, moving upwards and downwards. The scale is likea ladder of notes; in alphabetical order, the degrees of the steps areindicated by Roman numerals I II III IV V VI VII VIII               The white keys of the keyboard represent the notes of the Natural scale,since it contains the tones in the natural form. If we begin from the C note,we get a Major scale with all natural tones. On the keyboardinstruments, the five black keys occurring within an octave are considered asaccidental notes in the C Major scale.

SCALE TABLE DEGREES I II III IV V VI VII VIII TONES ?? ?? ? ? ? ? ?? ??? NOTES C D E F G A B C  HOW TO IDENTIFY NOTES ON THE KEYBOARD Thenote ‘C’ appears before the pair of 2 Black keys.Thenote ‘F’ appears before the pair of 3 Black keys                                       Noticethe position of the letter names in relation to the grouping of the blacknotes. Thegroup of notes nearest to one another that have the same letter name are saidto be an OCTAVE away from one another. An octave is a group of 8 notes orcalled as ASHTAK (Sa to upper Sa) or SAPTAK (Sa to Ni) in Indian music        Pianos have 7 octaves        Keyboards have 3/4/5 octaves        Harmoniums have 3 octavesFingerNumbers to be  used while playing Keyboard      Hand Position            Step One: Toget a natural finger position, try standing up beside your keyboard and relaxingyour hands atyour sides.

If you feel tense, shake out any stress that you may have in yourarms, hands, and fingers.Step Two: Oneshould sit far enough from the keyboard to let the fingertips rest on the keyswithout effort when the arms are normally bent, and the feet should reach thepedals without stretching.Step Three: Noticehow your fingers natural curve in toward your body and how your knuckles curveout slightly away from your body.

Also, notice how the thumb and index fingermake a slight “C” shape. Keep your hands and fingers in the same position asthis, but bend your arm at your elbow so your hands are in front of youwith your palms down.Step Four: Theresult should be that the fingertips are in contact with the lid, the knucklesof the hand should be fairly even with one another, and they should be slightlyhigher than the wrist. The first knuckle closest to the fingertips shouldbe flexed during most playing styles. It should not collapse or cause thefingers to become perfectly straight.

Step Five: Thewrist should be relaxed and level with the hand. To find the idealposition, hold your fingertips on the surface of the keys whilemaintaining the firmness of the knuckles of the hand. Move your wrist upwardsand downwards and notice the tension created by having the wrist be either toohigh or too low. Now find the place in your wrist that feels most natural;often it will be where the wrist is even with the arm.

Step Six: Finally,make sure to notice whether or not any part of your arm has tensed up. Checkyour wrist, shoulder, and forearm – if they feel tense, relax them whilekeeping your fingers on the keys. Five Note Finger Position1stPosition ?? ?? ? ? ? 1 2 3 4 5  2nd Position ? ? ? ?? ??? 1 2 3 4 5  There are 8 notes in an octave and we have only 5 fingers. To play successively 8 notes while going upwards, Pass theThumb after the 3rd finger and while coming downwards, pass the 3rdor 4th finger above the Thumb.

We will start to play the keyboard with the key C Ascending Natural Scale C D E F G A B C Fingering 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5  Descending Natural Scale C B A G F E D C Fingering 5 4 3 2 1 3 2 1         PRACTICALNow we will startto play our 1st exercise Clap and Read andthen play it with the right hand.                                                                                                                                          EXERCISE1While playingthese exercises tap on the lowest C with your Left hand (any finger) in thedesired tempo just like clapping in rhythm.   ????       ??  ??  ? ?  ?  ? ?? ?? NOTES      C   D  E   F    G   A  B   CFINGERS  1  2    3   1    2   3    4    5          ?? ?? ? ?  ? ? ?? ??           C B    A  G    F E  D  C                5  4    3   2     1  3  2    1   Here”??”means the note C of the next octave. It is marked witha vertical line above the letter.EXERCISE2  EXERCISE3SimplesongLittleFingers Having Fun UpAnd Down The Keys They Run Playthis simple song with your Right Hand  EXERCISE4 NowMy Left Hand Joins TheFunPlaying New Notes One By One    Please note;  A ‘DOT’ above the note shows the lower octaveof that note Nowtry playing this with your Left Hand