LESSON ONE Music is a form of art. Music

LESSON ONE

Music is a form
of art. Music is also a form of entertainment that puts sounds together in a way that people like or
find interesting. Most music includes people singing with their voices or playing musical
instruments, such as
the PIANO, GUITAR, or DRUMS.

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              Music
is considered as the most popular and influential fine art.  Sound is the material of music. A Musical
Sound is also called the Tone, which has two basic qualities:  a recognizable pitch and certain duration. Melody
is basically a succession of musical sounds of varying pitches, presented
one after another. The sounds are organized in such a way as to archive a
distinctive shape, usually involved with rhythm. Melody is the most important
ingredient in a piece of music.

           If we
divide Musical Instruments in some categories, here are the main families of
musical instruments.

Brass Instruments – e.g. Trumpet, Horn, Cornet

                    
                   Tuba, French Horn
                       ,etc

Stings Instruments – e.g. Violin, Guitar,

                                       
Mandolin, Sarangi,     

                                        Santoor,
etc.

Woodwind Instruments – e.g. Flute, Saxophone,

                                                Oboe, Clarinet ,etc

Percussion Instruments – e.g. Drums, Tabla,              

                                               Bongo        Mridingum

                                               
Khol , Dholak ,etc  

Keyboard Instruments –  e.g. Piano , Organ ,

                                              Synthesizer,
Harmonium , Accordion etc                

                  

A  SYNTHESIZER

(often abbreviated
as synth, also spelled Synthesiser) is an Electronic Musical Instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to
sound through instrument
amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones. Synthesizers may either imitate instruments like Piano,  organ, flute, vocals; natural sounds like ocean waves, etc.; or generate
new electronic timbres. They are often played with a musical keyboard, but they can be controlled via a variety of other
input devices, including music sequencers, instrument controllers, fingerboards, guitar
synthesizers, wind controllers, and electronic drums. Synthesizers without built-in controllers are often
called sound modules, and are controlled via USB, MIDI using a
controller device, often a MIDI keyboard or other controller.

 Roland, Korg, Yamaha, Casio
are some of the leading brands who produce different models of Synthesizers.                                                      

The term Pitch refers to
the High-Low quality of the musical sound. In Hindustani Music,
the basic musical sounds are determined as 22 microtones called as Shrutis
occurring in one group of tones. Out of these 22 microtones, seven tones are
divided to form a Group called the

Saptak : ??
?? ? ? ? ? ??

In
Western Music also the tones are considered as seven which are
given names from the letters of the English Alphabet :   A 
B  C  D 
E  F  G  called as Musical Alphabet . The
groups are made of eight tones. No other letter is needed since these seven
letters are repeated throughout the wider range of music. The wider range of
music is divided into identical groups called the Octave.

              

                 
The scale is a succession of single notes within an octave; the notes
are arranged in order of pitch, moving upwards and downwards. The scale is like
a ladder of notes; in alphabetical order, the degrees of the steps are
indicated by

Roman numerals I II III IV V VI VII VIII

              
The white keys of the keyboard represent the notes of the Natural scale,
since it contains the tones in the natural form. If we begin from the C note,
we get a Major scale with all natural tones. On the keyboard
instruments, the five black keys occurring within an octave are considered as
accidental notes in the C Major scale.

SCALE TABLE

DEGREES

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

TONES

??

??

?

?

?

?

??

???

NOTES

C

D

E

F

G

A

B

C

 

HOW TO IDENTIFY NOTES ON THE KEYBOARD

The
note ‘C’ appears before the pair of 2 Black keys.

The
note ‘F’ appears before the pair of 3 Black keys

           

                         

Notice
the position of the letter names in relation to the grouping of the black
notes.

 

The
group of notes nearest to one another that have the same letter name are said
to be an OCTAVE away from one another. An octave is a group of 8 notes or
called as ASHTAK (Sa to upper Sa) or SAPTAK (Sa to Ni) in Indian music

        Pianos have 7 octaves

        Keyboards have 3/4/5 octaves

        Harmoniums have 3 octaves

Finger
Numbers to be  used while playing Keyboard

    

Hand Position

           

Step One: To
get a natural finger position, try standing up beside your keyboard and relaxing
your hands at
your sides. If you feel tense, shake out any stress that you may have in your
arms, hands, and fingers.

Step Two: One
should sit far enough from the keyboard to let the fingertips rest on the keys
without effort when the arms are normally bent, and the feet should reach the
pedals without stretching.

Step Three: Notice
how your fingers natural curve in toward your body and how your knuckles curve
out slightly away from your body. Also, notice how the thumb and index finger
make a slight “C” shape. Keep your hands and fingers in the same position as
this, but bend your arm at your elbow so your hands are in front of you
with your palms down.

Step Four: The
result should be that the fingertips are in contact with the lid, the knuckles
of the hand should be fairly even with one another, and they should be slightly
higher than the wrist. The first knuckle closest to the fingertips should
be flexed during most playing styles. It should not collapse or cause the
fingers to become perfectly straight.

Step Five: The
wrist should be relaxed and level with the hand. To find the ideal
position, hold your fingertips on the surface of the keys while
maintaining the firmness of the knuckles of the hand. Move your wrist upwards
and downwards and notice the tension created by having the wrist be either too
high or too low. Now find the place in your wrist that feels most natural;
often it will be where the wrist is even with the arm.

Step Six: Finally,
make sure to notice whether or not any part of your arm has tensed up. Check
your wrist, shoulder, and forearm – if they feel tense, relax them while
keeping your fingers on the keys.

 

Five Note Finger Position

1st
Position

??

??

?

?

?

1

2

3

4

5

 

2nd Position

?

?

?

??

???

1

2

3

4

5

 

There are 8 notes in an octave and we have only 5 fingers.

To play successively 8 notes while going upwards, Pass the
Thumb after the 3rd finger and while coming downwards, pass the 3rd
or 4th finger above the Thumb.

We will start to play the keyboard with the key C

Ascending

Natural Scale

C

D

E

F

G

A

B

C

Fingering

1

2

3

1

2

3

4

5

 

Descending

Natural Scale

C

B

A

G

F

E

D

C

Fingering

5

4

3

2

1

3

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRACTICAL

Now we will start
to play our 1st exercise

Clap and Read and
then play it with the right hand.                                                                                                                                          

EXERCISE
1

While playing
these exercises tap on the lowest C with your Left hand (any finger) in the
desired tempo just like clapping in rhythm.

   ????       ??  ??  ? ?  ?  ? ?? ??

 NOTES      C   D  
E   F    G   A  B   C

FINGERS
  1  
2    3   1    
2   3    4    5

 

         ?? ?? ? ?  ? ? ?? ??

   
       C 
B    A  G    F 
E  D  C

               5  
4    3   2     1  
3  2    1  

 

Here
“??”
means the note C of the next octave. It is marked with
a vertical line above the letter.

EXERCISE
2

 

EXERCISE
3

Simple
song

Little
Fingers Having Fun

Up
And Down The Keys They Run

 

Play
this simple song with your Right Hand

 

EXERCISE
4

 

Now
My Left Hand Joins The

Fun
Playing New Notes One By One 

 

Please note;  A ‘DOT’ above the note shows the lower octave
of that note

Now
try playing this with your Left Hand