IV. GreeceThe developmentconsists of a residential complex on Rafina- Pikermi in Attiki in Greece,composed from twelve luxury residences of approximately 500 square meters eachin a site of 2700 square meters each. The Application Site covers an area ofapproximately 32,5 hectares predominantly comprising of wild and.
The complexis located next to the nature reserved characterized “Corine” under Greek Law.According to theGreek Law the project is classified as private project Category B (Annex II)under Group No 6, “Tourist Facilities and Urban Development, Building Sector,Sport and Leisure” , where is considered not a necessity develop an EIA, but itis subject of a “Scoping Report”. The classification was made according to thefollowing criteria.
1. Type and size of the project2. Nature and quantity of pollutants emitted3.
Ability to prevent the production of pollutants bythe applied manufacturing process4. The risk of accidents and restriction for theprotections of the environment.It is expected that the Development would provide:1. The demarcation of the plot. A large slope plot of32.
5 hectares.2. The division of the plot in twelve isomeric andindependent plots3. The clearance of each division from earlierconstructions, flora and trees where applicable.4.
The construction in each one of the twelve plots, ahigh quality four level luxury villa of 500 sq. meters. Two levels underground,two levels over ground, total height of each construction together with itssloped roof will be less than 12m, with exploitation of 10% land cover in eachplot.5. The design and regeneration of the surroundinglandscape for each one of the twelve plots accordingly, which will includelevelling the slope, outdoor installations (e.g. Parking Spots) and theconstruction of a swimming pool.Following this, it is anticipated that the constructionworks will take place in phases lasting approximately 3 years in total.
1. Consideration of Alternatives1.1 Other LandUse Options· High Density Residential Choice: This option will exclude a large number of potentialwealthy buyers from purchasing property in the area, lack of diversity andvibrancy associated with a mixed-use development, and lack of uniqueness, highstandardization and landscape percentage usage associated with the preferreddevelopment, gaining high economic and social value.
· Light Industrial Alternative: This alternative was instantaneously rejected as unsuitedto the general functioning and land uses of the surrounding urban environmentby the Greek Law represented by the Public State and the Municipality ofRafina-Pikermi.· Mixed-Use Commercial and Residential Development Option: This Option, would, besides the distance from thecity center, have some advantages mentioned worthy. But, it is considered thatthe application site is far too small to even try to develop such an ambitiousproject. The results would be unpredictable and the investment botheconomically and environmentally does not deserve the risk.1.2 Use of OtherMaterial Option· Steel versus reinforced concrete option: This type of construction seems a preferred one but thereare cases that need to examine carefully, but mainly this option was rejected.· Timber versus reinforced concrete option: Timber is also one of the most common structurematerials in the world, but still not in Greece, which was also rejected.· Alternative Composition Option: The Proposed Development has set two main parameters as infor the exploitation of each plot.
Those are a 10% total cover land out of the40% permitted by the Greek Construction Law and a less than 20% structuringcoefficient permitted by the Greek Construction Law. Those parameters mean thatthe total building in each plot must be just under 550 sq. m. and cover land insurface plot (per plot) only less than 200 sq.
m. . Those parameters where setafter considering alternatives together with significant matter of theenvironmental scope.2.
Identification of significant mattersThe issuesconsidered appropriate for assessment are set out below. It is considered thatthe Proposed Development has the potential to give rise to significant environmentaleffects in these areas and this hierarchy:1. Group Conditions and Contamination2. Water Resources and Flood Risk, Hydrology andDrainage3. Ecology4. Transport and Accessibility 5. Noise and Vibration6.
Air Quality7. Archaeology and Cultural Heritage8. Townscape, Visual and Built Heritage 9. Socio Economics10. Cumulative ImpactsWhile mentionedsome non-significant Issues are mentioned and why are considered not raisingpotential environmental effects:1. Waste2.
Light Pollution3. Daylight, Sunlight and Overshadowing 4. WindA landscapecharacter analysis will be undertaken which will involve establishing thenature of the landscape character that currently forms the application site, aswell as identifying the character of adjacent areas. This analysis will assistin demonstrating the potential on-site and off-site effects of the ProposesDevelopment upon the character of the landscape.Along with theabove analysis an estimation of the magnitude of the populations to be affected,and the detailed identification of those populations will take place. The humanpopulation estimated to be affected from the environmental factors isapproximately 100 people (approximately 25 neighbouring homes), while theindirect socio economic affects will definitely concern a lot more. The faunaestimated to be affected are birds (e.g.
Pliorgrus Pendelici, PhasianousArchaiaci), mammals (e.g. Sciuroid, Rodents, Deer, Cattle) and reptiles (e.g.Testudinal, Squamate).