It is artificially imparting the intelligence of humans to the machines, so that they can learn and act by themselves like us.
Major AI textbooks define the field as “the study and design of intelligent agents”, where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximize its chances of success. AI has become the major plot for the fiction writers since the start of the research. Particularly in the field of ROBOTICS, AI finds its applications to be extraordinary. Generally the fiction works are more exposed than the reality about the AI. In contrast to fiction, AI has been stuck up in a basic level problem which is strong enough to get its hold until it is solved properly. Apart from this hold, it has its development jailed by many other problems of the previous breed which is not going to let many generations enjoy the AI.
In short, we can simply say that it is almost impossible to replicate the actions of HUMAN BRAIN artificially using the range of machines present now. The central problems of AI include mostly Brain involving activities such as Reasoning, Knowledge, Planning, Learning, Communication, Perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. General intelligence is the most typical part to impart. Problems of AIWe have almost picked all the basic level problems to develop AI. The basic level problems are emphasized because there is never a strong building without a good basement. Let’s discuss all the materials required for a good basement of AI.
Basic Problems Lack Of Sense: AI uses computers because they are the best available tool, not because they are the object of study. Now let’s discuss the problems keeping the MS-WORD’s “Autocorrect” option as the plot. This highly famous option has never reached the people as a basic and efficient tool of AI.
Coming back to the problems, the chief problems are concerned with the language. The stop is in making the computer to understand the language. We can program the entire language to the machine but can not make them understand the language. Let us consider the following situation: We have programmed the entire English grammar in a computer with entire grammatical rules and regulations. Now let us see how the computer reacts to the following sentences. 1) Cat ate rat 2) Rat ate cat If we instruct the computer to check the correctness of the two sentences, the computer will surely give out that the two sentences are correct.
This is a big drawback. We humans can easily sort out that the second sentence is grammatically correct but not sensibly. Because of the sense that we posses we can understand that the sentence is wrong, but it is merely impossible to program that sense to the machines.
This is where computers are one step behind the humans