Introduction leading cancer-related death in the United States of

Introduction Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body. These cells normally grow abnormally hence invade and damage the normal tissues of the body. Cancer is not actually one disease, but many types of diseases depending on where the abnormal cell growth occurs in the body. Breast cancer is the type of cancer which normally affect women’s breast. It is actually the second leading cancer-related death in the United States of America. Cancer can infect any part of the breast depending on the damaged tissue caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells. Now, there are known treatment like chemotherapy and there is also futuristic treatment like the usage of nanotechnology. Description and known treatment of breast cancer The most significant signs that appear in the breast cancer disease is the lump that is felt by the patient or found by special kind of x-ray, which ultimately change the shape of the breast. Later it affects the skin of the breast and then fluid starts to flow from the nipples. Ultimately, pain is felt in the late stages of breast cancer. In the past, breast cancers have been researched on and a few of the threat factors of most cancer and cancer patients is the difficulty of familiar elements which indicate that about five to ten percent of breast cancer patients reported instances supporting the idea of hereditary. There is the belief of change or mutation of genes which might have been inherited by the patient. Inherited mutations related to this inheritance are BRCA1 or BRCA2, which could be the unusual reasons of hereditary breast cancer . Women with BRCA mutations are believed to have a higher chance of developing breast cancer at some stage in their lifetime. They are the most susceptible patients to breast cancer and are among people who should monitor their life for possible and early signs of cancer. If possible, they should enroll in regular cancer check up programs to make sure that they are not in any way exposed to or become victims of breast cancer. However, in a situation where women with BRCA develop the mutations of the genes, they are always younger than other women who develop the same cancer type, but who are not born with the same mutation which is usually passed through to kids. They are not normally that young when it comes to the stage or the extent of the cancerous cells rapture, their cells are not actually that active hence they can be easily treated unlike others who have already had the cell mutation. These cells even if they have not yet started decongestion are always active. The growing cells can invade and damage the normal cells of a breast causing a disorder or respiration of tissues which lead to swelling of the infected part. The actual cause of cancer is not yet known, but it is assumed that it is related to changes in the genetic material (DNA) in the body cells, but this allegation is not scientifically approved. The reason for these allegations is that DNA changes are often related to the lifestyles which people live and which in this case will have an upper hand in bringing forth the risk and exposure to cancer or abnormal growth of cells. Nevertheless, studies from past cancer patients report in the United States state that race can also be a risk factor for cancer development. African American women are more likely to die of cancer due to their complication in color genes in their bodies. The combination of these is exposed to cancer treatment and illness when it comes to screening and modification of these cells. During chemotherapy, these cells will not be found easily considering the adverse affection between the African American skin color. Some people may wonder how come the two categories of people are more exposed to the high-risk factor of cancer due to their race, but the answer is not yet proved with concrete evidence. Body activity, in this case, lowers the risk of many diseases just like cancer, an active person will not easily develop cancer which applies to women. Women who are always active and who are willing and ready to work throughout the day will have their body tissues being active and strong (Early Breast, 2105). The production of the body cells in the body is done through working towards achieving one basic factor which is body sensitivity and activity. Lack of exercise normally promotes obesity in women which is another factor of high risk of developing cancerous cells. Obesity in women raises a high risk of having breast cancer, especially for women after menopause. Technological advancements in the world today have been used to sensitize the public of the effects of cancer and the exposure of certain effects which may be associated with the high risk of cancer and cancer patients. In this case, cancer patients had to undergo certain therapies in the process of looking for a lasting solution to the cure and avoiding it from spreading to the whole body (Wooster et al., 21). Cancer therapies are currently limited to surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Exposure to all the three methods lead to a serious threat and damage of the normal tissue, incomplete eradication or it may even get exposed to the extent of having an incomplete tissue eradication on the affected cancer area of the body. Previous chest radiation on women when they were young or have recently had radiation on the chest have a higher risk of developing cancer than those who did not. Since cancer is caused by an abnormal rupture of cells in the body, radiation interferes with tissue and cells functions in the body, hence, in the process of radiation the breast might be interfered with by the radiation it is exposed to. To make sure that cancer is cured and not caused by radiation, it is wise to have a perfect radiation from an approved lab for women’s chest are very sensitive part of their bodies. Before a woman is found to have cancer, all women should take remedies to make sure that they are not exposed to developing breast cancer. Taking full obligation of cancer prevention, women are supposed to try to stay at a healthy weight all the time and be physically active, in so doing, they will not be exposed to the higher risk of developing cancerous cells. Some women even think that other things like breastfeeding for a long time is a strategy to avoid development of cancerous cells. Not using hormone therapy to deal with the symptoms of menopause will also be a better option since hormone therapy is believed to interfere with the function of the cells which will be a serious factor especially around the chest part of women. The usage of Nanotechnology Nanotechnology is basically the use of extremely small particles to penetrate through the body tissues to places where the normal medicine cannot penetrate, it gives a more advanced treatment and diagnosing of serious diseases. The use of nanotechnology in cancer patients has been one of the emerging trends in the use of diagnosing. A very large number of cancer patients prefer this type of treatment and now even breast cancer patients have come on the move to use these type of drug administration. So far, no one has yet to report cases of side effect to women who have used it; instead, most of them seem to be giving praise for a job well done and even encouraging their friends to go and have a taste of the same. Cancer treatment and prevention using nanotechnology has honestly supplied the means and goals to stop chemotherapy and selectively kill cancerous cells and neoplasms. Nanotechnology is all about manipulating substances in the form of gold or silica to alter existing matter or even to create a new molecule or physical structure with potentially physical properties. All this is believed to be happening at a molecular and atomic space which most physicians use as an existing factor in treating and advancing the use of these drugs to administer the desired change in a human being and make sure that all that the patient requirements has been met, and he uses it to solve certain problems of diverse infection which can be caused by cancer and other illness. Currently, there are two nanotechnology drugs which have been approved for the same purpose, these drugs are Doxil and Abraxane. These have become available to all the cancer patients in North America and up till now, the effects of these drugs have not been reported to be adverse and the cause of cancer is almost wiped out. Within a very short time, cancer patients will be rejoicing and celebrating the benefit that this drug will have and the impact to the bodies of the patients to assist them to overcome cancer. In North America alone, the cost of cancer is very high and all that people are yearning for is the resolution that government will take to make sure that its people, especially women, have a stress free life and out of danger.