includes; low self-esteem due to the bullying they receiveabout their weight, the shame they feel due to their weight and the blame theyput on themselves. The child’s ability to perform in social environments can beaffected in a negative way and even their academic life can be negativelyimpacted due to their weight.1In the past 30 years childhood obesity has seen to almosttriple, for children ages 2-5 obesity has risen from 5% in 1980 to 12.4% in2008.21 in 5 children are obese before they even get the chance to reach reception,in this statistic 22.6% are males and 21.2% are females. However, as thechildren get older the percentage that are obese increase; upon reaching year 6the statistics are 34.
9% boys and 31.5% girls are obese. This shows that aschildren get older they are at a higher risk of becoming obese.3This is only a 7 year gap, in order to stop this epidemic from reaching evenmore dangerous heights we need to question what the causes from childrenbecoming obese at such young ages are and how to tackle it from the root of theproblem.What causes Childhood Obesity?The increase in obesity is mainly due to the increasingenergy imbalance where the child’s energy intake it is excessively greater thanthe child’s energy expenditure, this means that the child consumes morecalories than the child burns through exercising, on a regular basis.
Although childrenneed extra calories for their growth and development, their extra calorieintake should be taken in moderation with the proportions taken into account tolimit the fat uptake of the body.4There are many factors that constitute to a child beingobese. Some may say that genetics play a major role in obesity, that 25-40% inBMI can be obtained through inherited genetics. It is believed that if a childhas two parents who are obese then the child will also be obese 5or that the child’s chance of being obese increase by 60-80%6because they may adopt the behaviourisms and characteristics of their familysuch as their eating behaviour and the amount of physical activity theyparticipate in.
7 However,it is not only genetics that constitute to the child being obese, the environmentwhich they grow up in and the diet that their parents allow them to eat plays arole in becoming obese. In fact genetics only play a 5% role in obesity thereare many other attributes that add to a child becoming obese. One source says “Bodyweight (not necessarily excessive body fatness) is a reflection of genes,metabolism, behaviors behaviours, culture, and socioeconomic status.”8I agree with this statement but for each factor I believe they have varyingamount of impacts on childhood obesity.