In the days of the early 1860’s the Civil War arose due to southern societies harsh treatment towards African Americans. Many Scholars and Analyst disagree that slavery is the main cause of the Civil War. Scholars and Analyst believed that it was caused by states rights, union disagreements or the economic system (Slavery: Cause and Catalyst of the Civil War 2). If slavery did not exist, would there be a Civil War? While reading the rest of this research paper keep that question in mind. My goal in this paper is to prove that slavery is the main cause of the Civil War. In this period of United States History, eleven states in the South decided to secede from the Union. The eleven states that seceded were: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. These states wanted to be a country of their own so they made up the Confederate States of America (Curtis 1). They all issued documents which are known as “Article of Secession”. Four particular states issued “Declarations of Causes”, those states were Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, and South Carolina (Pierce 1). This means that they gave specific reasoning on why they left the Union. From the Declaration of Causes most of the states seceded to protect the right to own slaves and use them as laborers for the good of their finances. The state of Mississippi stated in their Declaration of Causes “Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery, the greatest material interest of the world”(Declaration of Causes of Seceding States ). Meaning that they wanted to preserve the institution of slavery because they relied on slaves and they came beneficiary to the economy. In South Carolina’s Declaration of Causes they quoted “No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due” (Declaration of Causes of Secessions : Fugitive Slave Clause). Meaning that if slaves escape they must be returned because they are “property”. In Georgia’s Declaration of Causes they basically stated that the Federal Government wasn’t being fair to their States Rights (Declaration of Causes of Secesions). They were also scared of the fact that the Republican Party had won the election, which made Abraham Lincoln the President. Abraham Lincoln was known to be against slavery(10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 3). Texas was another state that issued a Declaration of Causes. They stated that they had to make the decision to either be with the United States that were non-slaveholders or to be with the Confederate States of America who were slaveholders (Declaration of Causes of Secessions). They decided to be with the slaveholding states. They were also in the same boat as Georgia by being afraid of Lincoln being apart of the Republican Party and holding the biggest seat in the United States which is the president.This war was a war between the Northern and Southern states. The Civil War was known as the “The War Between the States”(10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 2). Southern states were devoured by the fear of Abraham Lincoln becoming the President of the United States of America in 1860. This was another reason Southern states seceded because he was against slavery.Though some Scholars and Analyst say they seceded because of states rights the thought can be very contradicting. All Southern States had the right to own slaves. Northerners wanted to take away the right of enslavement.Many wars had taken place during the long period of the Civil War. In the beginning of the war, the Savannah Republic leader Alexandre Stephens agreed that the African American society and treatment was the cause of the Civil War in March of 1861 (Slavery: Cause and Catalyst of the Civil War 2). The first important battle was the Battle of Fort Sumter. It began in April of 1861 under leadership of President Lincoln. The reason behind the battle was that the Southern States wanted to withdraw from the Union but didn’t want their forts under the United States. The Confederates wanted them to surrender but they didn’t and this caused the South to launch an attack. The Battle of Fort Sumter was the official start of the Civil War. Through the many battles that made up the Civil War, the Confederate States finally started realizing that the battles were taking a toll on them as an army. Another important battle was the Battle of Gettysburg. It began in July of 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the largest and most daring battle of all. Not only was it the largest battle of all, it was also the bloodiest battle of all (10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 6). It was known as the turning point in the Civil War(10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 6). This battle was simply to stop the Confederate General, Robert E. Lee’s, second invasion on the North. There were many battles after this one that went on for two years. Reasons that the North conquered the South mostly was because of the size of the armies and the equipment they had. During and After the war, President Lincoln was working towards the amendment that will give some slaves freedom. By the time the war was over , Lincoln accomplished just what he set out to do (10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 8). Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 before the war was over. Though the Emancipation Proclamation didn’t free slaves it did become an asset for the freedom of slaves in the end. Amendments began to be made during the close of the war. Since the Southern states had seceded, they had to be allowed back into the United States (10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 8). Before being allowed back into the United States, the Northern States and Lincoln made three new amendments(10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 8). One of the amendments that was added to the constitution was the 13th Amendment. The 13th amendment abolished slavery in every state that seceded from the union (10 Facts: What Everyone Should Know About the Civil War 8). The 14th was another amendment that was added during the Civil War. This Amendment gave “Equal Protection under the law” which means that slaves would receive the same rights and privileges as any other citizen of the United States. The last amendment that was added to the constitution was the 15th Amendment. This amendment gave African American men the right to vote, although some southern states reconstructed the amendment. So if the slavery wasn’t the main cause of the civil war, why did it benefit the African American society so much? Point proven, slavery was the main cause of the civil war.